- Every 15 seconds, 1 person dies of Covid-19 in the world
There are nearly 19 million Covid-19 infections worldwide and more than 700,000 deaths as of August 5. According to Reuters, one person dies every 15 seconds from the new strain of coronavirus.
The death of coronavirus infection surpassed 700,000 on August 5, according to Reuters statistics. The United States , Brazil, India and Mexico are countries with rapidly increasing deaths.
On average, nearly 5,900 people die every 24 hours from Covid-19, according to Reuters calculations based on data from the past two weeks.
This equates to 247 deaths every hour, or one person every 15 seconds from the new strain of coronavirus.
US President Donald Trump declared the Covid-19 pandemic to be controlled as far as possible in the US, where more than 155,000 people have died from the coronavirus. The response to the discrete pandemic in this country has not been able to prevent the number of infections from rising.
“They are dying, it’s true,” Trump said in an interview with news site Axios . “Accept this. But that doesn’t mean we haven’t done everything we can yet. The pandemic is under control as much as possible in America. This is a terrible epidemic.”
In Brazil, President Jair Bolsonaro ignores the severity of the pandemic and opposes restrictions to prevent virus spreading, even if he and some of his cabinet members are already virus-positive.
The pandemic affected Latin America, where about 640 million people live, more slowly than in other parts of the world. However, officials still struggle to control the virus because of the poverty and high population density of the area.
More than 100 million people across Latin America and the Caribbean live in slums, according to the United Nations Human Resources Program . Many worked in the informal economy, had little access to the welfare system, and had to work during the pandemic.
Even in places where the virus seems to have been prevented, the number of new infections has increased in recent times, signaling a long-lasting war.
Australia , Japan , Hong Kong , Bolivia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Bulgaria, Belgium, Uzbekistan and Israel all recorded a record increase in new infections over the past few days.
Australia also reported a record new death toll on August 5, bringing the total coronavirus deaths in the country to 247.
- The US surpass 5 million coronavirus infections
The US has recorded more than 5 million Covid-19 cases as of August 8. The United State also has more than 161,000 people died of coronavirus.
On 8/8, the number of coronavirus infections in the US surpassed the 5 million people, while American politicians are still debating about the pandemic bailout and schools considering whether to continue opening
With 5 million cases of Covid-19, the United States continues to be the country with the most cases in the world. Second is Brazil with about 3 million cases. India ranked third with 2 million positive cases.
In terms of cases per capita, the US ranks eighth in the world.
The number of US cases is reported by the New York Times based on reports of federal, state and local officials. Public health experts have warned that the actual number of people infected with coronavirus in the US is much larger.
The number of infections is on the rise in seven states, as well as in Puerto Rico, Guam and the US Virgin Islands, according to the New York Times. During the past week, Louisiana, Mississippi and Florida were the states with the most recent viral infections relative to the population.
The United States recorded its 1 million infection on April 28, more than three months after the first case was discovered in the country. As of June 10, the US exceeded 2 million cases. The US continues to hit the 3 million infection mark on July 7 and the 4 million cases on July 23.
The US is testing about 720,000 people a day, according to data from the Covid Tracking Project.
The number of new infections per day in the US peaked on July 16 with 75,697 cases. This number has gradually decreased and the average over the last seven days has been about 54,000 new infections per day.
At least 161,000 people have died since the pandemic started in the US.
- 15+ Best Coronavirus Street Graffiti Art Around the World
As the days go by more graffiti on the coronavirus appears overnight in some of the most popular cities in the world. Street artists take advantage of the solitude of the streets to capture their works of art.
We present the best 15+ coronavirus street graffiti from around the world take a look. Remember social distancing is first
It is from the artist Fake (@iamfake on IG). He even let people download the piece on A2 size for non commercial use.
New Coronavirus street art – Wynwood
“Covfefe-19”, Copenhagen – by Welino
My precious! (graffiti art in Germany)
Stay Safe mural in east LA
Lockdown graffiti from street artist The Rebel Bear on Bath Street
“The kiss” from Italian urban artist Salvatore Benintende
‘It feels like wartime’: how street artists are responding to coronavirus – Sean “Hula” Yoro
Mural depicting medical workers wearing protective masks seen in Warsaw
Yes, we can ! Love in “coronatime”
Nothing to Xi here!
Cheers – Graffiti Coronavirus by Gnasher
Copenhagen. Denmark. by Andreas Welin
A woman in a medical uniform shows the virus her middle finger
What do you think about these coronavirus street graffiti. Comment to share your ideas.
- WHO updates mask recommendations
Now they are advised to wear not only sick.
WHO Director-General Tedros Hebreyusus, at a new briefing on COVID-19, announced new recommendations for the prevention of coronavirus. Here are the main points:
- Doctors and other medical staff should always wear masks, regardless of whether they work with infected coronavirus infections or not.
- People over 60 years of age, as well as those who have chronic diseases, are advised to wear masks wherever it is impossible to maintain physical distance.
- The governments of the countries should encourage the wearing of masks in any places where it is impossible to maintain physical distance, especially for public transport and shops.
- Those with symptoms similar to coronavirus infection should stay at home. All who contacted him should be quarantined.
- If a sick person or someone who has contacted him needs to leave the house, he must wear a mask.
- WHO considers masks to be of high quality, which consist of three layers of different materials or more.
Previously, the WHO spoke only about the need to wear masks for patients who were ill, because there was insufficient data (apart from clinical studies, which many experts consider to be of little relevance to real life).
- WHO recorded 106,000 new infections globally in 24 hours
The WHO recorded 106,000 infections in 24 hours, a record day since the outbreak, with two-thirds of these cases recorded in only 4 countries.
Tedros Adhanom-Ghebreyesus, Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO), said on May 20 that the number of coronavirus infections reported to the agency in the past 24 hours has been higher than at any time since outbreaks, according to CNN.
“We still have a long way to go in this pandemic,” Tedros said at a news conference in Geneva, Switzerland. “In the past 24 hours, 106,000 cases have been reported to WHO – the highest daily level since the outbreak.”
“About two-thirds of these cases have been reported in only four countries,” he added.
According to WHO epidemiologist Maria Van Kerkhove, confirming with CNN via email, these four countries are the US , Russia, Brazil and India.
It should be noted that there may be a delay in reporting the number of cases at various points in the process, so the above date record does not mean that these 106,000 people were infected, tested or statistically counted in the last 24 hours.
According to the constantly updated data of John Hopkins University, the world has recorded nearly 5 million cases of coronavirus, of which more than 326,000 people have died. The United States remains the leading country in both cases – more than 1.5 million, and deaths – more than 93,000.
Notably, Russia has recently become the second country in the number of cases – more than 308,000, although only a few weeks earlier did not even make the top 20 of the list. Brazil also climbed rapidly in the ranking, ranking third in the number of cases – more than 271,000.
Russia is ranked second in terms of deaths – more than 35,000, followed by Italy – more than 32,000, France – more than 28,000, Spain – more than 27,000.
- Brazil has most deadly day of epidemic, patients do not have enough breathing machines
Brazil recorded the highest number of Covid-19 deaths since the outbreak, as coronavirus continues to exert a heavy influence across South America.
According to the Guardian , the number of deaths due to the coronavirus recorded on May 19 in Brazil is 1,179, the highest number of deaths per day since the outbreak in the country. Earlier, the highest number of deaths in 24 hours due to the disease was recorded on 12/5 with 881 cases.
Brazil has also officially overtaken the UK in the number of cases to become the 3rd largest outbreak in the world. The South American country has recorded 271,628 cases positive for coronavirus, an increase of 17,408 cases compared to the previous 24 hours.
Other South American countries also noted the heavy impact of Covid-19. As in Brazil, many cities in South America report deaths due to don’t have enought breathing machine.
Chile is facing the risk of collapse of public health system due to overload. More than 90% of the intensive care beds in Chile’s capital Santiago have been mobilized to treat Covid-19 patients. The city cemetery had to dig 1,000 emergency graves urgently to prepare for the “wave of death” approaching.
In the Peruvian capital Lima, cases of Covid-19 infections account for 80% of the intensive care beds. “We are in a bad situation, this is a war,” said Pilar Mazzetti, who heads the Peruvian government’s anti-Covid-19 task force.
Public health organization Pan American Health said there was growing concern about the risk of virus spreading in the border areas between Brazil and Colombia and Peru. The organization calls on regional authorities to step up measures to protect vulnerable groups such as aboriginal people, the poor and ethnic minorities.
In Africa, the number of Covid-19 infections across the continent has exceeded 90,000 cases, with a total of 2,907 deaths. South Africa is the country most affected by the disease with more than 17,200 cases, of which 312 cases have died. The number of Covid-19 infections in Africa has been described as “stabilizing” in recent days.
- Covid-19 caused infections of the intestines, kidneys and many other organs
Pneumonia virus can spread throughout the body, to the lungs, throat, heart, liver, brain, kidneys and intestines.
Published on May 13 in the journal Nature Medicine , a research team at the University of Hong Kong said the pneumonia virus can attack many different parts of the body.
This finding helps explain why the symptoms of people infected with Covid-19 appear in many parts of the respiratory system. This includes blood clots that cause strokes in young people, blockage of the dialysis system, headaches and even kidney failure.
Covid-19 is classified as a respiratory virus, spread through respiratory droplets, but it can still cause diarrhea and many other digestive symptoms. The researchers also found virus traces in the faeces of patients with Covid-19. This evidence shows that it can be transmitted through waste.
Researcher Jie Zhou and colleagues at Hong Kong University tried to find out how the SARS-CoV-2 virus can thrive in the gut. In laboratory samples in both bats and humans, the virus invaded many internal organs. Viruses not only live but also grow exponentially.
“The human intestinal tract may be the infectious route of SARS-CoV-2,” the research team said.
“A 68 year old female patient had a fever, sore throat, high cough and diarrhea after being admitted to the hospital at Princess Margaret Hospital. We isolated the infectious virus from her stool sample. Here we have demonstrated that the virus replicates in organic matter in the intestinal tract, ”Zhou said.
In addition, another team at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (Germany) also performed autopsies of 27 patients who died of Covid-19. They found traces of the virus in many parts of the patient’s body.
The pneumonia virus is mainly active in the kidney, which explains the rate of kidney damage is usually higher than other parts in Covid-19 patients.
Infection with SARS-CoV-2 virus can make underlying diseases worse. Conversely, people with heart disease, diabetes and especially kidney disease will also be more vulnerable to the virus because of the lower ability of self-healing than healthy people.
- Sweden has passed the deadly milestone with 1,000 coronavirus deaths
Sweden has passed the deadly milestone with 1,000 corona virus deaths, far ahead of its neighbors.
Officials say the peak could have come close, while scientists continue to question the government’s soft approach.
101 people died of coronavirus in 1 million people
The Swedish Public Health Agency (PHA) announced that the number of deaths for Covid-19 in the country was 1,203, as of April 15, or 101 deaths per million residents, compared to 51. in Denmark, 11 in Finland – two neighboring countries have imposed strict blockade early to contain the virus.
The death rate per million people in Sweden is also significantly higher than the 37 recorded in Germany , and the number is equivalent to 79 deaths in the United States , but lower than the 182 deaths per million people in the UK and far less than 348 in Italy and 386 in Spain.
Anders Wallensten, Sweden’s leading epidemiologist, said the number of new Covid-19 cases was beginning to decline and he was cautiously positive that Sweden had reached its peak. Meanwhile, government officials say the health system is coping with the situation.
Public opinion polls continue to show people’s support for the government’s strategy, which urges citizens to take personal responsibility for complying with distance-holding guidelines rather than strictly enforcing them. strict rules required.
While the authorities closed high schools and banned the gathering of more than 50 people, they also suggested – rather than giving orders, people avoid non-essential travel, working from home and in homes with people over 70 or feeling sick.
The statistics show that about half of Swedish workers are working from home, the use of public transport has decreased by 50% in Stockholm while the streets in the capital have been less crowded by about 70%. with the usual. However, Swedes can still shop, eat and drink in restaurants, have their hair cut and send their children under 16 years old to school even if a family member is ill.
The government refused to close primary and secondary schools – and the government’s insistence that only sick children should stay at home, made some families and teachers particularly worried.
Healthy students whose parents are worried about not attending school have been threatened to report to social services, while families and school-related staff have written open letters expressing their dissatisfaction with government policy and believe that this risks the lives of children, relatives, and school staff.
Swedish chief epidemiologist Anders Tegnell describes the Swedish approach as an attempt to ensure “to slow the spread and to keep the health services from being overloaded”. He thought it was important that a part of the population be immune.
Mr Tegnell denied that he was seeking to establish a “rapid herd immunity” with the virus, a strategy initially used in Britain and the Netherlands before the soaring deaths caused these countries to change course.
Some experts speculate that Sweden’s approach to managing the spread of the virus may also be affected by the local demographic situation – more than 50% of households are single – and confidential The population is relatively low at about 25 people per km2, compared with 205 in Italy.
While the long-term impact is not yet known, Sweden’s strategy is not expected to help preserve its economic development this year, more than any other country taking measures. Swedish Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson said on April 15 that GDP could fall 10% this year and unemployment would rise to 13.5%.
The strategy also faces stiff opposition from some of its own scientists. A team of 22 doctors, virologists and researchers on April 14 criticized the health authorities in an article published in the Dagens Nyheter newspaper.
“There is a need to change completely and quickly the approach,” the expert group emphasized. “When the virus spreads, it must increase the social distance. Closed schools and restaurants. People who work with older people must wear full protective clothing. Isolate the whole family if one member is infected or tested positive.
Mr. Tegnell dismissed criticism and argument over numbers. Previously, he had said that Sweden and its neighbors were in different positions on the curve, and that Sweden unfortunately had a large spread in care facilities for the elderly, which was not captured meet in other Nordic countries.
The chief epidemiologist has repeatedly stressed that the world is still unclear about the coronavirus, he asserted that while Sweden could record more cases in the short term, it would not face the risk of infection. The infection increased greatly as many other countries removed the blockade.
- The Most Strange Symptom of Covid-19
Loss of smell and taste can be a sign of a person infected with coronavirus even if they do not have a cough, fever or other typical symptoms.
One morning, Grace Lawlor, 25, brushed her teeth and realized she did not feel the taste of toothpaste. Then she took a shower and realized she couldn’t smell the shampoo either. This was strange, and apart from that, she was still healthy.
Her roommate laughed and didn’t believe it when she heard Lawlor’s story so she decided to prove it by eating chili sauce.
Really bizarre feeling
It was as if I was drinking milk,” she said. “I can chew the whole onion like an apple. It was really weird. ”
When searching Google, she read that the sudden loss of taste and smell may be a symptom of Covid-19. She went to see the doctor but was not tested because at that time, the clinic only tested for people doing essential work.
The doctor said that she just assumed she was positive for Covid-19 and went home to isolate herself. A few days later, one of Lawlor’s roommates showed similar symptoms.
Eating with them now is just bringing food to their mouth and swallowing. Even that is not eating, because eating is a pleasure, and they are just fueling like machines.
“Even when I crave something and it’s right in front of me, it’s not satisfying because we can’t taste anything.”
Jenny Dwork, an e-commerce supervisor for a shoe company in New York, had a similar situation. She went to her mother’s house to work remotely during times of social separation. Dwork felt a little tired and had a slight headache on March 24, but it was okay. Until she drank a smoothie, she realized she didn’t taste anything except the cold. Knowing that it could be a symptom of Covid-19, she went to a testing station but was rejected because there were no other symptoms.
Dwork also tried some other strong-tasting foods, such as sriracha chutney, and then vodka. She felt the alcohol hot in her throat but could not taste it, and the next day she was drunk as usual.
For a terrible and unpredictable epidemic, the most bizarre symptoms occur quite commonly. A study on Covid-19 patients in Europe showed that 85.6% and 88% of patients had the corresponding “taste and smell dysfunction”, respectively. In a study in Iran , 76% of Covid-19 patients who lost their sense of smell reported a sudden onset of the phenomenon, as if the scent had been turned off like a light bulb.
Normally, for loss of smell, obstruction is the most common cause, but some viruses can interfere with our olfactory processing. With Covid-19, researchers are still trying to figure out exactly how it happens. Some people think that viruses can attack the nervous system through the olfactory bulb (nerves in the nose that help us smell). It also targets the olfactory epithelium (the skin surrounding nerve cells), where there are cells similar to those in the lungs that the virus attacks.
Because neurons can regenerate themselves, “in about 7 days, most people begin to recover,” said James Denneny, vice president and CEO of the Academy of Otolaryngology – throat of america , said. Researchers have mentioned the possibility of permanent tactile loss, but this is rare.
However, in the short term, the loss of sense of smell and taste is more urgent because this can be a sign of a person infected with the virus even if they do not cough, fever or other typical symptoms. Joe Cickyham said he was positive for Covid-19 only with symptoms associated with taste sensation.
Rudy Gober, athlete of Utah Jazz, the first person in the NBA to be positive for the virus, said he also lost touch. Many other famous people, including former star of reality TV show “Bachelor” Colton Underwood, actor of the “Missing” series Daniel Dae Kim and Broadway star Aaron Tveit have had similar symptoms. A quarter of the people who reported this symptom said it was the only sign of the disease they had.
“I couldn’t smell anything for five days straight.”, Vallery Lomas, a famous 34-year-old baker, feared that she would never regain her sense of smell and taste.
This threatened Lomas’ career because she was positive for Covid-19 while writing a cookbook. The smell and taste are closely related, and culinary experts rely on sensory to adjust recipes. Lomas had to ask the publisher to renew the manuscript, and instead of immersing herself in the rich, buttery scent of freshly baked bread, she had to spend a week constantly smelling a bottle of smelling cough syrup. Very uncomfortable, hoping the smell will return.
And finally it came back, but it did not recover completely. “I started to panic this morning,” she said, experimenting with a recipe and noticing her sensory insensitivity. “Although I can taste those flavors, I still can’t really smell and taste to know for sure if it’s too sweet? Do you need more cinnamon? Does this taste overwhelm other flavors? Does the taste balance? I could not identify it “.
Can it be restored?
ecause smells and tastes are closely related, some people who think they have lost both senses may actually lose their sense of smell. Jo Shapiro, associate professor of otolaryngology at Harvard Medical School, said.
“The loss of your sense of smell makes you lose your sense of taste. (There is a difference: the basic taste is just sweet, salty, sour, bitter and umami; but the taste is more accurate. Try covering your nose and trying a strawberry, then switch to try one. Cherry flavored gum: You will find that both have a sweet taste, but cannot distinguish their flavors).
Shapiro learned this from personal experience. She is believed to have contracted Covid-19 and has also been denied testing because of ineligibility. She is full of common symptoms (fever, chills, fatigue, cough) and loss of smell. Shapiro realized this when, during breakfast, she could only feel the salty taste of the dish.
Many other patients may also lose their taste buds completely, such as Lawlor eating onions and not having any taste. Thomas Finger, a professor of cell and structural biology specializing in taste research at the University of Colorado School of Medicine Anschutz, based on information he gathered from around the world, said: “The difference in the loss of taste associated with Covid-19 is that it tends to influence the perception of sweetness.”
That means that for some, it will be the first to go away, but it is still not possible to explain why the taste perception is not affected the same.
Research on this phenomenon is ongoing – not just in the medical community, but even in households with people who may have contracted Covid-19. Cases without hospitalization conducted their own experiments.
Mandy Hardy, 42, in Brooklyn, lost both senses last week. She tried putting honey and cinnamon in the tea and didn’t feel anything. She had to constantly inhale the mint from her nasal inhaler in hopes that her sense of smell would return. (Currently her sense of smell has recovered about 50%.)
Sue Kinnamon, a professor of ear, nose and throat at the University of Colorado-Anschutz, said that affected people can “practice their sense of smell” by regular contact with strong scents like mustard, though they have not yet been developed. Specific evidence of the effectiveness of this measure in the case of loss of sense of smell caused by Covid-19.
Kevin Knocke, 33, loses his sense of smell and the virus’s taste buds, witty about this advantage: “I cleaned up and changed the ‘delicious’ baby diapers. I just stood a few inches away from it and didn’t smell anything. ”
Thankfully, people who lose their sense of smell or taste won’t suffer for the rest of their lives. AAO-HNS found that the average time patients experienced those symptoms was seven days, with 85% of patients regaining sensation within 10 days.
Respondents said that when the first flavors returned, they enjoyed a feast of flavors that had long been lost.
“I just thought I would really appreciate everything I eat and don’t just put it in my mouth and swallow,” Dwork, who began to regain his senses with a morning cup of coffee. Hardy yearns to eat pizza. Knocke has postponed his birthday party until he can feel the taste again.
As for Lomas, she gradually perfected her cookbook, temporarily titled “Life is What You Bake It,” which added some talk about surviving a pandemic.
- Deaths of Coronavirus in US exceed 50,000, double in 10 days
The number of deaths in the US exceeded 50,000 on April 24, after doubling in the past 10 days. About 880,000 infections in this country.
The number of infections and deaths in the US is currently the highest in the world, with an average of 2,000 deaths each day in April.
The actual number of infections could be higher, as officials warned that the shortage of manpower and medical supplies limited testing.
The number of deaths is likely to increase as most states only count deaths in hospitals and nursing homes, and the death toll at home has not been recorded.
It took 38 days for the number of deaths in the US to increase from the first to 10,000. But after that, it only took 5 days for the number of deaths to rise to 20,000. That number increased from 30,000 to 40,000 in four days, around April 20, including the recently announced “Covid-19” deaths that New York announced.
There are optimistic signs that the peak has passed in New York, San Francisco or Seattle. But others are skyrocketing in the number of cases, suggesting that the war in the US is still long, according to the New York Times . Some areas, such as Goldsboro, North Carolina, recorded a higher rate of new cases per 1,000 people than New York City.
About 40% of deaths are in New York state, with a total of 16,162 cases. In this state, the number of deaths is on the decline, with 422 new deaths announced on April 24, the lowest since April 1.
Other indicators which were considered positive during the week continued to be positive. For example, the number of Covid-19 patients in the hospital has decreased for 11 consecutive days (averaging three days), and has decreased by more than 3,000 since April 17. The number of patients who had to be put on a breathing tube and are likely to survive has dropped for 12 straight days, according to figures from New York Governor Andrew Cuomo.
But one concern lies in the number of new hospitalizations. After falling 35% from April 17 to April 21, this number so far has dropped by only 5%.
“It’s a straight line again, and that’s very worrying,” Cuomo said, meaning the state still has an additional 6,000 cases a day – down from about 10,000 new cases in the first days of April. , but still higher than most states.
President Trump signed the law on a $ 484 billion bailout package for small business support loans, as well as hospital and testing support.
Published by @marysteiner
- Detecting nicotine may reduce the risk of Covid-19 infection
Despite reducing the risk of Covid-19, tobacco still affects the health of smokers and the community. Nicotine patches will be helpful for anti-epidemic front-line doctors.
The SARS-CoV-2 virus that causes Covid-19 disease is the cause of pneumonia in severe cases. Therefore, many people believe that continued smoking during this time will increase the risk of respiratory effects.
However, a team of scientists at the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital in France has just published a new study showing that nicotine in cigarettes can reduce the risk of Covid-19 infection.
According to the Guardian, the research team asked 480 positive Covid-19 patients, of whom 350 were hospitalized and the rest were monitored at home. Results showed that in the hospitalized group, with an average age of 65, only 4.4% were regular smokers. In the home sit group, the average age of 44 years, 5.3% smoke.
Looking at age and gender, the team found that the percentage of smokers in the infected group was much lower than the rate in society. Specifically, the rate of smokers aged 44-53 in France is about 40%, and in the age group 65-75 is from 8.8-11.3%.
“Our general research shows that daily smokers are less likely to develop symptoms or have severe SARS-CoV-2 infection than is common in society.
The results are clear. The percentage of people hospitalized is 5 times lower and the number for non-hospitalized people is 4 times. This is a very rare ratio in medicine “, the team concluded.
Leading French neurologist Jean-Pierre Changeux, who reviewed the study, said that the nicotine in cigarettes could be a factor in the virus’s inability to invade cells and limit the spread in the body. Nicotine also reduces the overactive response of the immune system, a phenomenon that makes symptoms worse.
“The hypothesis is that when cell receptors bind to nicotine, the coronavirus cannot contact them, so nicotine prevents the virus from entering the cell,” Changeux told the Times.
This result is similar to a study published in China in March in the New England Journal of Medicine , showing that only 12.6% of 1,000 people infected with the virus in China smoke, while the average rate in this country is 28%
The Paris hospital group also released figures showing that out of more than 11,000 Covid-19 infected patients hospitalized, 8.5% were smokers. The average rate of smokers in France is 25.4%.
“It’s clear that something in cigarettes protects a smoker from coronavirus, but you should not come to the conclusion that you should smoke. There are many dangerous, toxic substances in cigarette smoke,” the team said warn those who think this result suggests more smoking.
Since then, researchers in France have proposed testing the nicotine patch on anti-epidemic patients and frontline health workers. This is a patch that attaches to the skin, providing nicotine to the brain to produce the same effect without smoking a real cigarette. This measure is also used to assist smokers.
Published by @emily
- Coronavirus: 3,100 deaths in 24 hours, number of deaths in US nearly 50,000
The number of deaths from coronavirus infection in the United States is approaching 50,000 after more than three months since the country first recorded the infection.
According to statistics on 23/4 of Johns Hopkins University, the number of Covid-19 patients died in the US in the past 24 hours was 3,176 cases.
This is the highest daily increase in deaths in the US since the country first detected the case on January 20 in Washington state.
The number of deaths updated on April 23, is counted until 20:30 the same day (US time). The total number of deaths from the country’s coronavirus infection has reached 49,759.
The United States is the world’s most serious outbreak of Covid-19, with a total of more than 866,000 cases, up nearly 26,900 from April 22. Given the widespread lack of testing, the actual number of infections and deaths may be statistically higher, according to AFP .
Last week, the United States had two “dark” days in a row with 4,591 deaths on April 16 and 3,856 cases on April 17. However, these data include many “suspected” cases of coronavirus and have not been synthesized from scratch. Therefore, the figure of 3,176 statistics on April 23 is considered the highest official number of deaths / day with coronavirus infection.
According to Reuters , the average daily death of the US has reached 2,000 people. Despite alarming figures about the disease situation, several states in the US, such as Georgia and Texas, are planning to reopen their businesses, easing measures to limit social exposure.
State officials still struggle with a shortage of test kits, medical supplies such as patient sample sticks and ventilators, and not enough manpower to track cases.
More than 26.5 million Americans have applied for unemployment benefits in the past 5 weeks. According to Reuters , this figure means that all the jobs created during the longest “employment boom” in US history in the past few years have been wiped out because of Covid-19.
Publish by Steiner Mary
- Mr. Obama rarely spoke out about the pandemic
In his latest tweet, former President Obama referred to the US sluggish anti-Covid-19 action plan and called for “action before it’s too late”.
“While we continue to wait for a specific national plan to cope with the pandemic, states like Massachusetts have begun implementing their own public health plans to combat the epidemic before it’s too late. ”, Former President Barack Obama wrote on his personal Twitter on April 22.
He included a link to an article titled “It’s not too late to attack against coronavirus” by New Yorker .
“For weeks now, we have been following the way the Covid-19 pandemic spread throughout the United States . For most of the time, it seemed that the only thing to do was to fold arms, wait, and hope. We expect a vaccine to appear, although it is not sure how long it will take, ”the article wrote.
“In Massachusetts, the attack against coronavirus began three weeks ago. During that time, we encountered all unforeseen problems. Each state is different, with its own complex. We have to find our own way. That’s why we started, ”the article stated.
In the previous state line, the former president wrote: “All of us have had to adapt to the pandemic. We should all be watching the young people who have been at the forefront of efforts to protect our planet for generations, and require more leaders at all levels. ” Obama still keeps an eye on emerging issues when he retires.
On April 9, Mr. Obama sent his advice to the US mayors and members of the rapid response team from more than 300 cities. “The biggest mistake any of us can make in these situations is false information.” “Tell the truth with compassion,” he said in an online meeting.
Mr. Obama did not mention President Trump by name, but only sent his message to the mayors attending the meeting.
The day before, Obama tweeted that “it would not be possible to loosen existing measures to combat the spread of corona virus without a” rigorous testing and monitoring system. ” He said that was unapplied nationwide.
In the morning of the same day, President Donald Trump tweeted that “the US must reopen its economy as soon as possible” and “those who have not lost a loved one must quickly forget the pandemic”.
The tone of the two US presidents about the Covid-19 translation shows the opposition.
Late last month, Mr. Obama called on Americans to continue implementing social spacing. In contrast, Mr. Trump offered to lift social isolation nationwide for two weeks to boost the economy.
- Disorientation, convulsions, strokes – Covid-19 can attack the brain
New symptoms are common in Covid-19 patients in New York: in addition to fever, cough and shortness of breath, some are so disoriented that they do not know where they are, what year they are now.
In some cases, this disorientation is caused by a decrease in blood oxygen, but some patients are disoriented beyond the level that anemia can cause.
Jennifer Frontera, a neurologist at NYU Langone Hospital in Brooklyn, has examined some of these patients, and said she is concerned about the effects of coronavirus on the brain and nervous system.
So far, most people have known about the respiratory symptoms of Covid-19 disease that has infected more than 2.2 million people worldwide. But other strange signs are appearing in many patients, noted by the frontline doctors.
A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) last week found that 36.4% of the 214 Chinese patients surveyed showed signs of neurosis, from loss of sense of smell to neuralgia, seizures and strokes.
Another study in the New England Journal of Medicine this week in 58 patients in Strasbourg, France , showed that more than half were confused or agitated, and brain scans showed signs of inflammation.
“You still hear it is a disease that makes it hard to breathe, but it also affects the part we care about most, the brain,” S Andrew Josephson, Dean of the Department of Neurology at the University of California, San Francisco, told AFP .
“If you’re confused, if you can’t think normally, that’s why you should seek medical help,” he added.
How does the virus ‘attack’ the brain?
The effects of SARS-CoV-2 on the brain and nervous system are not surprising, as this has been reported in other viruses, including HIV. HIV can cause a loss of consciousness if left untreated, according to AFP .
The virus affects the brain in two ways, according to Michel Toledano, a neurologist at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, USA.
One is to cause an overactive immune response, called a “cytokine storm,” which causes inflammation in the brain – autoimmune encephalitis.
The second is directly causing encephalitis encephalitis. How does that happen? The brain is protected by a “brainook barrier” (blook-brain barrier), which prevents foreign substances. But this membrane can be compromised.
In addition, because olfactory loss is a common symptom of the coronavirus, some ideas suggest that the nose may be the path to the brain. This hypothesis has not been verified, but has become somewhat unconvincing when many patients lose their sense of smell afterwards with no severe neurological symptoms.
For coronavirus, doctors believe that the neurological effect is the result of an overactive immune response, instead of invading the blood-brain barrier, based on available epidemiological evidence.
To prove invasive phenomena, it is necessary to detect viruses in the cerebrospinal fluid.
The virus in the brain has been recorded in one case, as a young 24 yearold Japanese male , according to an article in the International Journal of Infectious Diseases
The young man had mixed expressions and convulsions, while the photo showed his brain being inflamed. But that is the only case to date.
Moreover, virus testing in spinal fluid has not been verified, so scientists remain cautious.
More research is needed
All of the above signals indicate that more research is needed.
Frontera, a professor at New York University School of Medicine, is part of an international collaborative research project to standardize data collection. Her group is reporting unusual cases of Covid-19, although no such history, accompanied by signs of small brain haemorrhages.
A surprising record is that in men in their 50s, the white matter – which connects brain cells to each other – is affected to the extent of brain damage.
Doctors were surprised and wanted to take a sample by probing a spine (a needle was put into the spinal canal, to get a cerebrospinal fluid).
Brain scans and spinal probes are difficult medical procedures for patients on mechanical ventilation. And since the majority of these patients later die, the full extent of nerve damage is unclear.
Neurologists are currently being called to examine a small number of patients who survived mechanical ventilation.
“We are examining patients who have confused symptoms,” Rohan Arora, a neuroscientist at Long Island Jewish Forest Hills Hospital, told AFP , and said 40 percent of Covid-19 patients recover with signs. such effect.
It’s not clear whether the injury will last long, and the need for intensive care (ICU) itself is also a confusing, disorienting experience, due to many factors, including strong drugs.
Getting back to normal seems to be longer for someone who has had a heart attack or stroke, says Dr. Arora.
- Coronavirus can attack blood vessels throughout the body
The coronavirus not only causes pneumonia but can also attack blood vessels throughout the body, leading to organ failure, according to a new study published in the medical journal Lancet.
“Viruses not only attack the lungs, but also attack blood vessels everywhere,” said Frank Ruschitzka, author of the study from the University Hospital of Zurich, according to the South China Morning Post .
The team found that the virus is not only causing pneumonia. “It invades the endothelial cell layer, which is the defense line of blood vessels, weakening the defense gland and disrupting circulation,” the smallest blood vessel, the author said.
This causes blood flow to the organs to decrease and eventually to stop blood circulation. Therefore, patients have problems in all organs such as the heart, kidneys, intestines.
That explains why smokers or those with underlying disease that have impaired endothelial function or unhealthy blood vessels are at risk from SARS-CoV-2.
The study, published April 17, found traces of the virus in endothelial cells (mucous cells inside blood vessels) and in inflamed cells, in Covid-19 patients. .
Although the study looked at only three cases, Ruschitzka said examination of other Covid-19 patients also found that blood vessel mucosa was “full of virus” and that vascular function was disrupted in all organs.
From these findings, the team proposed therapies to stabilize endothelial cells simultaneously to prevent virus replication.
In addition to finding a vaccine to prevent the virus from spreading, Ruschitzka said that promoting vascular health may be the most important in treating Covid-19 patients.
John Nicholls, a professor of pathology at the University of Hong Kong, thinks more research is still needed.
“While many structures may look like virus components under a microscope, other lab technologies will need to be conducted to really confirm the virus infection,” the South China Morning Post said . Mr. Nicholls.
- ‘Covid, Covid, Covid’ – Sadness in New York Cemetery
New York City is quiet, most activities stall. Particularly, those who care for the dead race against time with many funerals that they cannot keep up.
New York City is in a very good season this time, but the devastating Covid-19 epidemic has left about 15,000 people dead here as of April 22. This is five times the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001.
When the rabbi Shmuel Plafker arrived at the cemetery, he found the scene in a noisy, rushed place.
It was the rush of cars carrying corpses, and the soil was thrown up when the workers dug the graves. The row of white signs on the ground marks the cells that are about to be laid down, reported by the AP .
In the photo, cleric Plafker has just removed his protective gear after a day of many funerals on April 6. Amid the world at home, the New York epidemic suffered more than 10,000 deaths, funeral staff, cemetery workers and those responsible for bringing the dead to their resting places. .
Mr. Plafker, who specializes in performing ceremonies at Mount Richmond Cemetery in Staten Island, New York City, is holding a long list of burials. The note column indicates the cause of death: “Covid”, “Covid”, “Covid”.
New York City is beautiful at this time of year, when cherry blossoms, magnolia, daffodils bloom, grass grow green. But Rabbi Plafker feels that this spring vitality contrasts with the death around him. “Spring has arrived. Everything is racing and people are dying. ”
Jason Boxer burst into tears when he witnessed the funeral of his father, Allen Boxer, from the car on April 12. “He was kind, friendly and the most generous of the people I know,” Boxer told his father, a veteran of the US Army . “I’m miserable, miserable,” he said about not being able to stand by and take his father to his resting place.
“Feeling deeply sad,” Rabbi Plafker told AP . “If not for this epidemic, they are still alive, maybe healthy or ill, but they are still alive.” Many funerals are not accompanied by escort, because the family has to isolate themselves, or because of travel restrictions. Those who arrived could not stand by the grave, but had to listen to Mr. Plafker’s word by phone, from the car parked at a distance of 20 meters.
“Sad, very sad, I feel sad for them because they want to witness it directly, but they cannot. They have to be in the car, can’t be around and cry like normal, ”grave digger Thomas Cortez (left) told AP.
The graveyard is managed by the Jewish Free Burial Association, which organizes burial for the deceased Jews without relatives. A century ago, this organization used to bury their dead because the 1918 pandemic, and then the Jews used to escape the genocide of the German Nazis. And now, those who died from Covid-19.
Many burial officers continued to go to the cemetery, washing their hands in strict accordance with Jewish rules. They once buried an average person a day, 5 days busy day. But just now, one day they buried 11 people. Everyone was tired, answering dozens of simultaneous calls, or texting each other about death certificates at 2am.
Judaism requires burial of the dead as soon as possible, but these days, it is a challenge. Companies transporting bodies were overloaded, the result of “chain” overload at funeral homes and hospitals.
“The coffin company doesn’t have enough coffins,” James Donofrio (pictured, blue shirt), funeral director for funerals at Mount Richmond Cemetery, told AP .
Before the outbreak of the disease, the Free Jewish burial organization prepared coffins, protective gear, and extra body storage, enough room for four more bodies. They thought it was enough, but now, they had to move to a refrigerated car with a capacity of 20 bodies. In the photo, grave digger Thomas Cortez standing in front of a refrigerated truck was transported until April 7 to “catch up” with soaring bodies, most of whom were Covid-19 victims.
Michael Tokar is looking from the car to see off his father who died at 92 because of Covid-19, David Tokar. His father developed symptoms of cough and fever, and died just two days after being admitted to the hospital.
Michael Tokar (holding a picture) had been to the cemetery the day before, but the body of his father (who was in the photo frame) had not been brought to the cemetery because of a hospital delay. Now, Mr. Tokar is in the car waiting for Priest Plafker to call when the ceremony begins. Finally, Mr. Tokar’s phone rang, and it was Mr. Plafker.
Prayer had begun, and he described each step to Mr. Tokar. “I am going to help some people take the bodies down … we are going to cover the bodies,” Mr. Plafker said, then asked if Mr. Tokar wanted to say anything about his father. Pictured is the house of Michael Tokar.
“He was born 92 years ago,” Mr. Tokar said by phone, adding a few more details to paint a portrait of his father – a person who likes collecting stamps, loves betting on horse racing, loves his grandchildren. In the photo, Mr. Tokar took his father’s ring, which he received back after the funeral. “My father wears this ring all his life, and I want to keep it. It was the best memory, as part of my father, ”Mr. Tokar said.
The rabbi read the prayers, and said Tokar’s father would continue to live in the hearts of those who loved him, praying that the “terrible epidemic” would eventually pass away. The ceremony ends in 10 minutes. In the photo, Mr. Tokar cleans his father’s apartment. “I miss him, I want to call him, ask what he needs, what he wants.”
Thomas Cortez is signaling to a colleague to stop the coffin truck in position, on April 8. On the coffin is engraved with the star David and the six-pointed star symbol of Judaism. Two of his friends died. He and his synonyms are also concerned about their health. His job is sad work, but needs to continue. Another funeral is about to begin.
Rabbi Plafker closed the gate after a day of ceremonies for the victims of Covid-19. Outside the cemetery, flowers are still blooming and grass is still green.
- The infection peaked, New York rushed to produce medical equipment
“Fashion Center” in Manhattan, New York (USA) began to switch to manufacturing protective gowns to supply hospitals.
According to the New York Post , the “Fashion Center” residential area in Manhattan, New York (USA) began to turn to production of protective gowns to supply hospitals here. It is expected that this plan will provide jobs for about 500 employees in New York.
New York is currently the largest Covid-19 epidemic in the United States, with more than 242,700 cases, putting pressure on health authorities. Earlier, many fashion companies in the US also started to produce masks and protective gear.
Earlier, US President Donald Trump asked New York state to take drastic measures against the emergency situation in hospitals in this state.
Working with private businesses and the National Council of Textile Organizations, the White House said it would provide 1 million meters of waterproof fabric for the production of protective clothing.
Raw materials will be sent to the top 4 production sites in New York state. According to the mayor’s office, more than 40,000 gowns will be made of Owens & Minor fabrics this week, before rising to 400,000 on May 23.
Some private facilities have also manufacture medical devices since the outbreak of the disease in the United States.
Currently, New York state has enough supplies of medical masks, gloves and N95 masks this week. However, the supply of protective vests is still scarce. Image inside a mask manufacturing facility in the state of Texas (USA).
Earlier, the New York Mayor’s office had ordered fabric from China to produce more than 300,0000 protective coats, but it was unsuccessful.
With the support of the White House, manufacturing in New York City not only creates jobs for workers during the epidemic, but also increases the trust of medical products produced by the people themselves.
- US adds 40,000 infections and 2,700 deaths in 24 hours
The United States continues to be heavily affected by the Covid-19 epidemic with over 800,000 infections and 44,000 deaths.
The death toll in the United States , which has the highest number of cases and deaths in the world, has increased by 2,751 in the past 24 hours.
As of April 22, the US recorded a total of about 45,000 deaths, according to John Hopkins University and the Worldometers website . This number has increased by about 1,500-2,500 shifts per day in recent days, according to the New York Times .
In the past 24 hours, the country recorded nearly 40,000 more cases.
The situation continues to be complicated
The number of deaths from Covid-19 in New York increased slightly, Governor Andrew Cuomo announced on April 21, with 481 cases compared to 478 the day before. The total number of virus-related casualties in the state is 14,828. The total number of infections is more than 250,000, according to the New York Times .
But Mr. Cuomo said other figures showed the curve of the number of cases being flattened. The number of patients in the hospital decreased for 8 consecutive days, and the number of new hospitalizations was the lowest for three weeks. The number of people who had to be put on a breathing tube – the heaviest cases – dropped by 127, the biggest drop in a day, now down to 4,000.
Meanwhile, New Jersey state, on April 21, said there were 379 new deaths the day before, a record increase, bringing the total to 4,753 deaths. The state on April 21 recorded 3,643 new infections, totaling 92,387. However, New Jersey officials are optimistic when the number of patients on mechanical ventilation decreases.
There are optimistic signs that the peak has passed in New York, San Francisco or Seattle (new cases have stabilized, field hospitals have been lifted). But some states are growing rapidly, such as Massachusetts, which added 1,700 new cases on April 19, and Connecticut, whose total number of deaths doubled to 1,300 after a week.
Many small communities in the Midwest are also skyrocketing in the number of cases, indicating that the war in the US is still long, according to the New York Times .
Meanwhile, the state of Missouri on April 21 sued Chinese leaders for the Covid-19 epidemic, demanding compensation for what it described as “intentional deception and inadequate action to prevent the epidemic.” , according to AFP .
The case is filed in federal court, but the success is far because US law often prohibits courts from suing foreign governments, according to a national immunity rule, according to AFP
The US Senate approved the fourth bailout package, worth $ 483 billion
The US $ 483 billion bailout package was approved by the US Senate on April 21 after the MPs and the White House reached a consensus, thereby adding salary, hospital support and testing.
The bailout package was quickly approved and approved by all MPs, despite disagreements from some Republican MPs. President Trump has voiced support and promised to sign. The bailout is now transferred to the House of Representatives.
Nearly two weeks of negotiations, the deadlock finally led to a consensus for 483 billion USD – the fourth bailout package amid Washington is struggling to cope with the health and economic crisis.
This bailout was initially proposed by the Republic with a value of 250 billion USD to supplement the salary fund for small businesses, but then was added, becoming the second largest bailout of four rescue packages support so far.
Senator Chuck Schumer, the leader of the Minority Democrats, said the Democrats have added to the bill for hospital and testing grants.
According to the bill, which AP accesses, the majority of the bailout package, about $ 331 billion , will complement the wage assistance program for small business workers. $ 75 billion will go to hospitals, and $ 25 billion will be spent on testing.
To date, the US has tested about 4 million people, just over 1% of the population. The White House said the US had enough test suites to start easing the blockade, but most experts said the likelihood of testing should increase at least three times, not to mention more.
But the bailout still lacks support for state and local governments that are in severe budget deficits and find ways to avoid having to lay off employees or give them unpaid leave.
The lower house will be called back to Washington to vote on April 23. The House of Representatives will also vote on a procedural proposal, allowing remote voting for other jobs during a pandemic – this will be the first time. The US House of Representatives since its inception has always asked MPs to vote in person.
Although this is the second major bailout, the parties all say there may be additional support. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin outlined the infrastructure spending plan for the next bill. In addition, there is pressure to support small cities, with populations below 500,000, which were not supported by the largest $ 2,000 billion package last month.
April 21 is the second consecutive day that the number of virus infections in Italy has dropped, amid the country’s preparation to make a serious decision to prolong the nationwide blockade.
Accordingly, the number of people receiving Covid-19 treatment in Italy decreased 528 cases on April 21, to a total of 107,709 cases, according to official data. That number dropped by 20 on April 20 – the first in two months of the epidemic, according to AFP .
The number of deaths on April 21 increased 534 to 24,648, still the highest in Europe, the second highest in the world after the US.
Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said it would not be possible to fully reopen the country once the current blockade order ends May 3.
“I want to be able to say, open all doors immediately,” said Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte on April 21. “But such a decision would be irresponsible.”
- WHO Director-General called on the world to unite after the US cut funding
World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus stressed that countries need solidarity to win the Covid-19 pandemic, after the United States halted funding for WHO.
According to Reuters , World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on April 15 thanked supporters after President Donald Trump announced that the United States would suspend funding for WHO.
“Unity is the game’s rule to beat Covid-19,” said general manager Tedros. “If we divide, the virus will take advantage of the gap between us.”
Mr. Tedros said that he regretted President Trump’s decision to cut US funding, which is an important source of funding for the organization.
“The United States has always been a long and generous friend of WHO and we hope they will continue to play that role,” Reuters quoted Tedros as saying at the WHO’s daily press conference on the Covid-19 epidemic.
The WHO director-general said that the organization was still considering the consequences of the US decision and “tried to fill the gaps with the partners”, but he also said that now is the time for the world to unite for a goal. collectively to combat disease outbreaks, a “dangerous enemy”.
President Trump said on Wednesday that the United States would withdraw aid to WHO and review for 60 to 90 days the allegations that it had “managed failure and masked the spread of the coronavirus”.
According to the WHO website, the US is currently the largest donor of WHO. In the 2018-2019 fiscal year, the country contributed 15% of the organization’s 893 budget.
The president’s decision followed weeks of controversy over WHO’s responsibility to respond to a pandemic, as well as accusations that the WHO was too humble before China .
The US withdrawal of WHO aid amid the serious epidemic spread around the world has led to the objections of many countries and organizations.
Secretary General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres said that while the disease “is not the time to cut resources for the activities of the WHO or any other humanitarian organization in the fight against viruses”.
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lian Kien said the epidemic situation was at a critical stage and the US decision would affect all countries in the world.
“The division of responsibilities will not help. The virus does not distinguish borders,” German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said on Twitter April 15.
“We must work closely together to fight against Covid-19. One of the best investments is to strengthen the UN’s power, especially its affiliated WHO, for example to develop and diversify coordinate test kits and vaccines “.
- The number of people infected with the virus exceeded 2 million, more than 100 countries applied for IMF emergency assistance
The number of Covid-19 infections globally has exceeded 2 million, of which more than 128,000 have died, with the US and Europe continuing to be hotspots for the majority of the cases.
According to CNN , statistics of Johns Hopkins University on the evening of April 15 showed that the number of people infected with Covid-19 globally reached 2,000,984. The number of people dying of disease worldwide is 128,071.
The United States is the country most heavily affected by the epidemic to date. The total number of recorded Covid-19 cases in the United States has reached 609,696, which is the top in the world and higher than the total number of people infected in the next three countries on the list. Meanwhile, the number of deaths in the US has reached 26,059 cases.
In Europe, the disease outbreak was strongest in Spain, Italy, Germany and France . These countries have had more than 100,000 infected people.
Spain has recorded 177,633 positive cases with Covid-19, the highest in Europe and second only to the US. Meanwhile, the number of people infected with Covid-19 in Italy has reached 162,488, the third highest worldwide. The number of deaths in Spain and Italy were 18,579 and 21,067 cases, respectively.
In the past few days, several European countries have considered easing blockade measures to rebuild the economy when the epidemic began to show signs of stability. Since April 14, Italy and Austria have reopened a number of small-scale stores, accompanied by strict adherence to regulations on social and medical spacing. Germany is expected to take similar easing soon.
Meanwhile, more than 100 countries have offered IMF International Monetary Fund emergency relief due to the severe damage caused by the Covid-19 pandemic. Kristalina Georgieva, IMF executive director, said the organization has approved financial aid for 10 countries. Nearly 50 other countries will also receive financial support from the IMF by the end of April.
Georgieva predicts that the IMF will need to mobilize all the support tools and the $ 1 trillion funding to support member economies in the context that the world economy will fall into a deep crisis in 2020 and only partially recovered by 2021.
- Deaths in the US exceeded 30,000, New York state issued an unprecedented decree
New York governor Andrew Cuomo said he would enact an order requiring people across the state to wear masks in public places if they cannot keep a distance of 1.8 meters.
According to the New York Times , this request is part of a special decree effective April 18, and is a drastic move by the State of New York to curb the Covid-19 epidemic.
United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention USA (CDC) has recommended that people should cover the face to prevent the spread of the virus – mainly through droplets spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
This recommendation is not intended to protect people wearing masks but to protect those around them, and was made after the CDC research shows that many people infected with the virus but have no symptoms.
Health officials have urged people to combine face-to-face with compliance with social distance rules, and said the two are not interchangeable.
Mr. Cuomo told New Yorkers that they could temporarily pull down masks if no one was nearby.
“Are you walking alone on the street? Good. But now you come to an intersection and there are many people there, and you will be near them? Pull up the mask,” Mr. Cuomo said at the press conference daily.
“You have no right to infect others,” he added.
Those who violate the regulations are likely to face penalties, but Cuomo has not yet issued penalties for the error.
752 people have been recorded dying from Covid-19 over the past 24 hours in New York state, but Cuomo said there were positive signs when the average number of patients hospitalized in the past 3 days decreased by 0.7% compared to with 3 days earlier.
Eight out of the past 9 days have more than 700 deaths, indicating a stable mortality rate after weeks of continuous increases.
So the state has recorded 11,586 deaths from Covid-19 since the outbreak, but this figure excludes more than 3,000 deaths in New York City without testing positive for coronavirus – people now considered victims of the pandemic.
According to Reuters statistics , the number of deaths from Covid-19 in the US increased by at least 2,371 on April 15, bringing the total to 30,800.
The total number of virus infections in the United States has also increased to 635,000, amid global over 2 million cases. The number of deaths in the United States is accounting for 20% of the globe while its population is about 4% of the world.
- The long after effects for many people after recovering from Covid-19
Nearly 400,000 people worldwide are reported to have recovered from Covid-19 infection. However, whether the virus leaves sequelae or how long they remain immune remains unclear.
More than 373,000 cases have recovered from Covid-19 infection worldwide, according to Johns Hopkins University database.
“If all goes well, your immune system will completely eliminate all viruses in the body,” said Tom Duszynski, Dean of Epidemiology at Indiana University – Purdue University of Indianapolis, writing on The Conversation .
“A person is considered to recover when they are infected with the virus and recover without any long-term health effects.”
However, there are still many uncertainties. It is unclear how many people recover, how the disease will affect them in the long run or how long they will be immune.
Continued coughing, lasting fatigue
Although more than 372,000 coronavirus infections have recovered worldwide, the actual number is probably even higher.
Although Johns Hopkins University tracks the number of cases and deaths reported by each region worldwide, data on the number of recoveries is less accurate. Many counties, states, territories and regions do not record how many residents have recovered from their illness.
“The cure cases outside of China are estimated based on local media news and this number could be significantly lower than the real number,” said Douglas Donovan, a spokesman for Johns University Hopkins, told CNN .
In addition, because testing is limited in number of countries, including the United States , only the most serious cases are given priority for testing.
People with mild or asymptomatic symptoms are less likely to be tested. This means that many patients with mild illness are not included in the total number of infections or recovered.
And it can distort the knowledge and predictions of disease experts.
“Knowing the number of people who have the disease will be very helpful in creating a model to predict when the disease will peak and when life can return to normal,” said Bala Hota, professor of epidemiology and deputy director. Chicago’s Rush University Medical Center, told CNN .
Hota said many patients still had a mild cough and felt tired even after being considered recovering and no longer passing the virus to others. It may take a long time to completely return to normal after being infected with Covid-19.
“It may take up to 6 weeks to recover from infection,” Dr. Mike Ryan, executive director of the World Health Organization’s Emergency Medical Program (WHO), told a news conference. People who are seriously ill can take months to recover.
For patients on ventilators, the process is different.
“We see ventilator patients have to use ventilators for a few weeks,” Dr. J. Randall Curtis, a professor at Washington Harborview University Medical Center, told US News & World Report .
“When they get off the ventilator, they usually have to stay in the intensive care unit (ICU) for a few days and then be hospitalized for a few days to a week to recover.”
Shu-Yuan Xiao, a professor at the University of Chicago Medical School, told ABC News that most people with mild Covid-19 often recover without “leaving legacy.” However, for seriously ill patients, the future is very dim.
Hospital management in Hong Kong noted in March that in a group of 12 patients who recovered from Covid-19, two to three people had reduced lung function during follow-up visits with doctors.
Some patients gasped when they were just walking, according to the South China Morning Post. Computed tomography of 9 patients showed signs of injury.
However, because the coronavirus was first identified in December, there was not much time for scientists to study patients recovering and announcing the results.
However, experts know that severe pneumonia can leave sequelae on the body. If a patient suffers from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), their lungs may become fibrosis.
“The consequences of it are the same as those of any illness that is severe enough to make you in ICU,” said Dr. Amesh Adalja, an infectious disease specialist at Johns Hopkins Health Security Center. with ABC News .
Both Mr. Adalja and Mr. Xiao said that some seriously ill patients may never fully recover lung function.
Antibody and immunity
Infected people will have antibodies that will help them fight Covid-19. This gives them immunity to the virus, but it is unclear how long the immunity lasts.
Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Research and a member of the White House’s anti-Covid-19 group, said he was ready to bet anything on the statement people who are cured are immune. ”
Mr. Fauci also said that because the virus did not change much, those who recovered had immunity when the second wave of infection entered the US in the fall.
“If infected in February, March and recovered, I believe that by September, October, that person will be protected from viruses,” Mr. Fauci added.
That’s why identifying people who have recovered from a virus infection is imperative in their fight against the disease. These people can return to work and still be safe.
Several companies are developing blood tests that help detect Covid-19 antibodies to identify people who are immune.
“This can help us find people who can bring the country back to the normal pace of life,” Florian Krammer, a vaccine professor at Mount Sinai’s Icahn School of Medicine, told Reuters . “People who are immune to the virus are the first to be able to return to normal life.”
However, some information has raised concerns that immunity does not last as long as we hope. The Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said on April 6 that 51 people recovering from Covid-19 infection were found to be positive again.
China also recorded similar cases. But the general manager of CDC Korea, Jeong Eun-kyeong, said that there were viruses in 51 patients who were active again rather than re-infected.
- President Trump Announced the United States to stop Funding WHO
US President Donald Trump announced he was planning to suspend aid to WHO while revising the organization’s role in dealing with the disease.
President Trump said on Wednesday that the United States would revisit the role of the World Health Organization (WHO) in “managing failure and masking the spread of the coronavirus”.
“WHO has failed to fulfill its basic obligations and responsible,” the Wall Street Journal quoted Mr. Trump at White House press conference. “There are many deaths by their faults”.
Stop sponsoring right away
The announcement came as Mr. Trump continued to be angry when criticized for his actions in response to pandemic. Mr. Trump is trying to regain his reputation after these mistakes.
As of April 14, the US recorded at least 594,207 cases of Covid-19 with more than 25,000 deaths, according to Johns Hopkins University. The United States is currently the country with the highest number of infections and deaths in the world.
A senior official in the US administration said that the cessation of funding would take effect immediately. He said the US provided $ 453 million to WHO in fiscal 2019 and the government will discuss transferring funds for WHO to other health organizations.
The United States grants US $ 400-500 million to WHO each year while China contributes around US $ 40 million . However, WHO “focuses more on China”.
“Everyone knows what is going on there,” Trump blamed WHO for “a disastrous decision to oppose restrictions on movement from China and other countries”.
Trump has repeatedly made the decision to impose restrictions on travel to China as evidence that he responded early to warnings about the dangers of Covid-19.
At a press conference on April 14, he said that decision had saved “thousands of lives” and said that WHO was “against us”. He also blamed WHO for a worldwide “20-fold increase” in infections.
“If WHO does what they need to do – bring medical experts into China to objectively review the situation in the field, pointing to China’s lack of transparency, the disease can be controlled at source.” and very few people died, “the US president accused.
Weeks of controversy
The decision to withdraw WHO funding comes after weeks of back and forth debate between the US, China and WHO over whether the organization is late in controlling diseases or is heavily influenced by China.
However, CNN noted that before the Covid-19 epidemic broke out, Mr. Trump repeatedly doubted international institutions, he questioned the US pouring money into the United Nations. The president also withdrew the country from the Paris agreement on climate change or criticized the World Trade Organization (WTO).
“WHO has done a good job in history. Unfortunately, they are not doing their best at the moment, and we need to make sure that we are working hard to fundamentally change this, or that we will do its part to make sure that the world’s important medical obligations actually work, “US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said in a recent interview.
Besides President Trump, Secretary of State Pompeo also criticized China for covering up the disease, wasting an important initial period to control the epidemic, and spreading the disease to the United States.
Meanwhile, WHO frequently praises the Chinese government’s anti-epidemic efforts. WHO has rejected the US allegations and called for “politicization” of the disease.
“Please don’t politicize this disease. It takes advantage of the disagreements you have at the national level. If you want to be taken advantage of, and if you want more body bags, then just do it, “WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus responded.
Beijing has defended the WHO after the criticisms, saying the WHO led by Mr. Tedros has “actively carried out its duties and maintained an objective position, based on science and impartiality”. , Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said.
On January 12, the WHO said that there was no clear indication that the virus was spreading between people, which China also confirmed at the time. Until January 20, China publicly acknowledged the new strain of coronavirus capable of spreading from person to person.
Meanwhile, Taiwan recently said it had sent a warning about the virus being able to spread from person to person to the WHO since late December 2019, but did not receive a response. Taiwan also said that it did not receive sufficient information to fight the epidemic from WHO, because it was not a member due to pressure from China.
WHO later rejected the Taiwan statement, confirming the email did not address human-to-human transmission.
On January 24, President Trump wrote on Twitter that “China is doing very well to control the virus. The United States deeply appreciates their efforts and transparency.”
According to the Wall Street Journal , the US pays for 20% of the WHO budget, with grants passing through multiple agencies.
In recent years, the organization has received money from the State Department, the Department of Health and Human Services, the Environmental Protection Agency and the United States Agency for International Development. A large part of this is used to combat polio and improve health and nutrition in Africa, according to WHO.
- Cycling and Jogging Can Cause Coronavirus Infection?
Cycling and Jogging Can Cause Coronavirus Infection?. Recently, an article on the topic should not walk, run or bike near others during the Covid-19 season has caused public confusion, causing many people to worry.
In early April, an article posted on the Medium blog platform suggested that there was a risk of infection with the SARS-CoV-2 virus from running or exercising.
“Why can’t you walk, run or bike near others during the Covid-19 season?”.A blog post by entrepreneur Jurgen Thoelen led the research by a professor at Eindhoven Technical University. Assuming that water droplets from a previous person may hit the pedestrian behind at a distance of 4-5 m. If riding a bicycle, the distance up to 10-20 m.
“In many countries, walking, running or cycling is an acceptable activity during the Covid-19 season. However, you need to pay attention to distance from drops from others when exercising,” the article said.
Mr. Thoelen’s post got a lot of attention and shared. Shortly thereafter, the online community and the author himself quickly pointed out the flaws of this article.
Haven’t finished research yet hurriedly brought up the media
Mr. Bert Blocken, who carried out the initial research, immediately corrected his purpose. He explained that he had not finished his research and publication, but only talked to a Belgian newspaper on the subject.
What Mr. Blocken, an expert working at Eindhoven Technical University, analyzes purely based on aerodynamic aspects. From the phenomenon of airflow behind a moving object (slipstream), Mr. Blocken simulates the distance that the water droplets from runners, cyclists in front can shoot backwards.
Although the study suggests that people need to ride bikes at least 10 meters apart, the distance is too big for cities, Mr. Blocken said that his ideas were misinterpreted.
“I have never advised people not to walk, run or exercise, but vice versa. Perhaps people should read more and react less,” Blocken wrote in an email to Vice.
However, the incomplete research that has put information into the media is the opposite of the normal process. Vice said his research has not been published yet so there is nothing to read. Even Mr. Blocken’s motive for sharing information is suspected.
“The crisis is very serious, so we decided to go against the normal process. The publication of research cannot wait for months for the control review process. I have a brief piece of information and will post to LinkedIn, “Mr. Blocken wrote on Twitter. However, the information he posted on LinkedIn was only a translation of the Belgian article.
“It must be said that this is a study of aerodynamics, not virology. The publication of information in technical journals takes a long time to control, and Covid-19 cannot wait for months,” said Blocken. added in an email to Vice .
No epidemiological value
Given that Mr. Blocken’s “contribution” could be harmful to the community, epidemiologist William Hanage, who works at Harvard’s Center for Infectious Kinetics, said the study was invalid. Mr. Hanage even argued that the defense was an “anti-epidemic” contribution that “boiled blood” to him.
“Research like this has no effect on epidemiologists. The number of cases spread in this form is much less than in other cases,” Hanage explained.
“From an epidemiological perspective, the location of the droplet is less important than number of droplets through this method,” Mr. Hanage added. Neither the Belgian original article nor the Medium article took any account of the number of drops.
In the notes of the text, Mr. Blocken acknowledges that danger from microscopic droplets remains a subject of debate among researchers. On the Atlantic, interviews with some epidemiologists show that there is no unified conclusions about the spread of SARS-CoV-2 virus during exercise such as jogging, cycling.
However, the World Health Organization (WHO) and local epidemic prevention agencies have recommendations for exercising and exercising to stay healthy. The recommended safe distance from contact with others is 2 m.
Speaking to Vice , Mr. Hanage said that it is still possible to exercise outside, as long as there are appropriate measures.
“I think there is a balance, just avoid the circumstances where the infection rate from the community is high,” Mr. Hanage said.
- Further Evidence Indicates That Animal has Transmitted SARS-CoV-2 to Humans
The coronavirus may have originated from bats, but it is likely that another species has infected humans.
When the Covid-19 epidemic broke out in January, many researchers investigated the intermediate host for transmitting coronavirus to humans. On Feb 15, Wu Yuan Bin, head of the Department of Science and Technology for Social Development, China’s Ministry of Science and Technology, said the studies identified bats as the most likely species.
However, recently published findings suggest that pangolin may be a host for the virus from bat to human. In other words, the SARS-CoV-2 virus was present in the first bat, but through an intermediate host, pangolin was transmitted to humans.
Mysterious intermediate host
In an article in Conversation , the team at the University of Michigan says they have evidence to show that pangolin is an intermediate host. The researchers agree with the general opinion that SARS-CoV-2 virus first appeared in Chinese horseshoe bats. However, the possibility of direct transmission from this bat to humans is quite low.
In 2003, the SARS virus was also transmitted from bats to an intermediate host, the mongoose, before it was transmitted to humans. Another coronavirus, MERS-CoV, caused the MERS epidemic in 2012 and also spreads from bats to camels before spreading it to humans.
It is important to identify the intermediate host, knowing which species will help to limit sales, thereby reducing the likelihood of spreading the virus. Since the end of January, a team of Chinese researchers said the snake, including the Chinese scorpion and cobra, could be the direct host of the SARS-CoV-2 virus to humans.
However, this study is suspected because there has been no evidence that coronavirus can be transmitted from cold-blooded animals such as snakes to humans.
Conclusions on snakes are based on the assumption that the codons (the trio of transcription codes, the genetic code on the information RNA) of the virus and host spread must be identical. After comparing the genetic codes of eight animals at the Wuhan Seafood Market, the team determined that snakes are the most similar genetic code to SARS-CoV-2.
However, the hypothesis of the above study has never been proven. The University of Michigan team compared the genetic code of the three coronavirus strains to about 10,000 animals, and found that the virus codon did not necessarily match the actual host.
The evidence shows that pangolin is the host
The group then went on to conduct a study on Malaysian pangolin (Manis javanica). They found that the genetic code taken from the coronavirus attached to the lung cells of this pangolin was 91% similar to SARS-CoV-2.
The protein spikes of these two viruses have only 5 distinct amino acids. Compared to the coronavirus from bat species, the protein spines of SARS-CoV-2 virus have 19 distinct amino acids. From this evidence, the team believes that pangolin is an animal most likely to spread the SARS-CoV-2 virus to humans.
This is not the first scientific study to conclude that the Malaysian pangolin. At the end of March, another research team at the University of Hong Kong also found a virus directly related to the SARS-CoV-2 virus in the Malaysian pangolin, seized from a wildlife transport line illegal in southern China.
“Detecting similarities of some strains of pangolin with SARS-CoV-2 virus suggests that the animal may be listed as an infectious host and need to be removed from animal markets. wild “, Dr. Tommy Lam, study author concludes in scientific report.
“Although pangolin is the most suspect species, our study concludes that we still need to consider other types of intermediate hosts. The coronavirus can be transmitted through many intermediate hosts before it is transmitted to humans. .
Several studies indicate that ferrets and cats can also be infected with SARS-CoV-2. We still don’t know if humans are likely to catch coronavirus from these animals, “a University of Michigan research team concluded.
- What is Pushing Coronavirus From Animals to Person?
What is Pushing Coronavirus From Animals to Person. Shrinking habitats and biodiversity around the world means there is a greater risk of pandemics.
Mayibout 2, a village deep in the forest of Minkebe in northern Central African country Gabon, is not a safe place. People here experience many outbreaks of malaria, dengue fever, yellow fever, and African sleeping sickness. They are still not too worried.
But by January 1996, the Ebola epidemic killed 21 people, out of a total of 37 infected villagers. In it, there were people who transported, butchered and eat a chimpanzee caught from the nearby forest.
When John Vidal, the environmental editor of the Guardian came to this village in 2004, he said people were still horrified about the Ebola virus, which has a 90% mortality rate, and feared it would return again. They still remember their children going into the forest to hunt chimpanzees, then eating meat, then having a severe fever in just a few hours. Some died instantly.
“We used to love the forest, now we are afraid of the forest,” the villager Nesto Bematsick told the Guardian .
Just one or two decades ago, the common perception was that tropical forests and wildlife contained many pathogens, leading to new epidemics such as Ebola, HIV or Dengue dengue.
But some researchers today argue that the destruction of biodiversity by humans is enabling new viruses and epidemics such as Covid-19, affecting every country, regardless of their wealth or poverty. Even a new field of study, planetary health, is being formed to focus on the ever-growing connection between human health and the ecosystem.
Threat is increasing
We invade the rainforests and other wildlife environments … we cut down trees, hunt animals, take them to market. We disrupt the ecosystem, make the virus run away from its natural host. When that happens, the virus needs a new intermediate host. Often we will be victims, ”David Quammen, author of Infectious Animals and the Next Pandemic , wrote in the New York Times.
Research shows that diseases like Ebola, SARS, avian flu, and now Covid-19 are on the rise. Pathogens tend to jump from animals to humans: from rabies, plague of previous centuries to Lassa, Nipah, SARS, Zika or West Nile viruses more recently
Kate Jones, dean of the Department of Ecology and Biodiversity at University College London, calls animal zoonotic disease “a significant and growing threat to global health, security and economics.”
“The hidden cost of economic development”
In 2008, Ms. Jones and her colleagues listed 335 diseases that occurred between 1960-2004, and at least 60% of them came from animals.
She said more and more diseases are related to the changes that humans make to the environment: logging, mining, road construction, urbanization, population growth, etc. come in close contact with animals that have never been in contact.
That is the “hidden price of economic development,” she said. “We are going to places that have never been and coming in contact with new things. We are creating habitats where viruses spread more easily. ”
“There are countless pathogens that are still evolving and will at some point threaten humans,” Eric Fevre, head of the department of zoonotic diseases at Liverpool University, told Guardian . “So far, there’s always a risk of jumping from animal to human.”
The difference between now and several decades ago, according to Mr. Fevre, is that the disease can now appear in urban areas. “We have formed concentrated communities, and next to us are bats, mice, birds, pets and other species, creating continuous interaction, entailing the ability (pathogen) to go from one species to another, ”he said.
The surface of the iceberg
Pathogens do not know how to limit one species to another,” ecologist Thomas Gillespie, a professor at Emory University, told the Guardian .
“I’m not surprised about this coronavirus outbreak,” he said. “The majority of pathogens have yet to be discovered. We still only see the tip of the iceberg. ”
Wild nature everywhere is getting burdened, he said. “The big changes are making animals lose their habitats, which means that species become closer to each other, also in closer contact with people.” He mentioned the risk of Lyme disease in the American suburbs that are heavily forested.
Despite this, medical researchers rarely focus on the ecosystem around humans, according to Richard Ostfeld, a researcher at the Cary Ecological Research Institute in Millbrook, New York. He and many other experts are developing planetary health, focusing on the link between human health and the ecosystem.
“Nature has threats, yes, but it is human activity that causes real harm,” he told Guardian .
Mr. Ostfeld mentioned bats and mice. “Bats and mice multiply when we disturb the natural environment. They often spread germs ”.
What is the role of the market for fresh produce?
Ecologists believe that the pathogen easily leaps to people at makeshift markets, sells fresh produce, where animals are slaughtered and sold on the spot. The South China market in Wuhan, once thought to be the site of the first Covid-19 infections, is also home to many wildlife.
“Whenever there is a new interaction between a variety of animals in one place, whether in the wild like in the forest or at a market for fresh produce, there can be the phenomenon of spreading from one species to another,” Gillespie said with the Guardian .
This market was closed by the Chinese authorities from the beginning. China has also banned the trade and consumption of wildlife, except seafood. But some experts say banning fresh produce markets in the city is not the solution.
“It is impossible to completely condemn these fresh markets, (especially) where there is no refrigerator. These traditional markets are a staple food source in Africa and Asia, ”Ms. Jones said.
“These markets are a food source for millions of poor people, and banning is absolutely impossible,” Delia Grace, an epidemiologist and veterinary at the International Seed Research Institute, told Guardian from Nairobi, Kenya.
“Wildlife, not domestic animals, is the natural host of many viruses,” Fevre and colleagues wrote in an article, arguing that the fresh produce markets should not be blamed. The focus should be on wildlife trafficking.
“There is no clear evidence of a link between the makeshift market and the disease.”
o what can we do? Ms Jones said the change should come from both rich and poor countries. Demand for timber and minerals from the Northern Hemisphere causes the environment and ecosystems to be destroyed, leading to diseases.
“We have to look at it from the perspective of global biosecurity, finding weaknesses, and strengthening health in developing countries. If not then (the disease) will repeat, ”she said.
“We are in an era of permanent emergency,” said Brian Bird, a virologist at the University of California-Davis, who led the anti-Ebola surveillance in Sierra Leone.
“The disease is spreading farther and faster than before, which means we have to respond faster. There is a need to invest, to change people’s behavior, and to listen to people in communities. ”
Propagating the risk of disease to hunters, logging, wildlife trade, and consumers is important, according to Bird.
“Communities always want more information,” he said. “They want to know what to do, they want to learn.”
Experts also suggested rethinking the urban system, especially in temporary and low-income housing areas.
Current short-term efforts should focus on curbing the infection. The long-term solution, knowing that the disease will repeat itself, requires a complete change of approach to urban planning and development, according to the Guardian.
Mr. Bird said the key is to be prepared. “We cannot predict when a new pandemic will come, or where it will come from, so we need a plan to minimize the damage and take into account the worst case scenario,” he said.
“The only thing we can be sure of will be a pandemic.”
- How to Buy Food in Pandemic and Whether it is Worth Disinfecting Vegetables and Fruits: Advice From Microbiologist
Do you need to disinfect the packaging and how safe of reusable bags.
Don Schaffner, a food microbiologist at Rutgers University, posted a thread on Twitter about buying and processing food during a pandemic. He noted that more and more information from incompetent sources is now appearing on the Web, and more advice can not only raise panic, but also hurt. In his opinion, the most dangerous thing is recommendations from doctors who have nothing to do with microbiology and food.
I’m not going link to the video, because if you haven’t seen it, consider yourself lucky. First of all, scrubs? Aren’t those meant for being around sick people? Why would you wear something like that in your house. It seems very irresponsible. (2/33)— Don Schaffner ? (@bugcounter) March 26, 2020
I am a food microbiologist. Would you like to hear from me tips on how to treat children? Unlikely. And that is why you should not listen to advice on food hygiene or microbiology from doctors who are completely unaware in this area.
First of all, he told whether purchases should be disinfected: “Is it worth disinfecting the packaging of products? I do not think that this has any scientific justification. It is better to wash your hands if you took something from a potentially infected package – and this rule does not work only during a pandemic. Always wash your hands and / or treat them with an antiseptic before eating. ”
He further explained how to wash fruits and vegetables – and there is absolutely nothing complicated.
- Wash fruits and vegetables with cold water, soap can not be used for this.
- There is no evidence that specialized fruit and vegetable cleansers somehow affect SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of COVID-19. Most of them are not more effective than ordinary water. Nevertheless, if you feel better about it and you do not mind spending a few dollars, such funds can be used.
- Similarly, there is no evidence that washing with vinegar does a better job with coronavirus than washing with water. Leave the vinegar to cook.
Schaffner also told how to procure to minimize risk.
- Treat your hands with an antiseptic before entering the supermarket and after you leave it. Large stores now hang antiseptic dispensers at the entrance – feel free to use them.
- Try to spend as little time as possible in the store and do not contact other people. Make a shopping list and go to a familiar store where you are well oriented so as not to waste time looking for the right department.
- Reusable bags, shoppers or string bags can be used, but do not forget to wash them regularly. However, this rule also works outside the pandemic. When you get the groceries, it’s better to store such bags in the trunk of a car.
- After you make out purchases, wash your hands again.
- Coronavirus Can Survive in the Refrigerator for Years – Wash Immediately
How to do it right and which is better to use.
We know a lot of dirty places in the house that we carefully clean. But often we forget about the most important thing – the refrigerator.
Virus feel great at low temperatures. Research showed that various types of coronaviruses can live in the refrigerator for up to 9 days. SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 is assumed to be no less tenacious. And in the freezer, viruses generally exist over the years.
Other pathogens an also live on shelves with food. Among them are pathogens of respiratory, intestinal and even genitourinary diseases.
It cannot be otherwise, because you regularly bring from the supermarket and put in the refrigerator products that tens or even hundreds of people could touch before you.
Even though there is currently no evidence of a transfer coronavirus directly through food, you should not relax. After all, you may well accidentally rub your eyes or nose after contact with an infected product.
As a preventive measure, you need to wash the refrigerator at least once a month. Now is the time to do it. You will need:
- Cleaning agent US Environmental Protection Agency recommends use antiseptic agents that meet EPA criteria to control coronavirus. Normal household cleaning solutions are also quite effective if exposed to the surface for at least 1 minute. In extreme cases, you can wash the shelves of the refrigerator with soap or wipe with ethyl alcohol.
- Cloth or paper towels.
When everything is ready, proceed.
- Unplug the refrigerator and remove all products.
- Throw away all spoiled foods – they are an ideal habitat for harmful microbes.
- Remove all shelves and remove drawers and wash them in hot soapy water as you wash dishes. You can do this in the kitchen sink, if it is too small – in the bath.
- Likewise, thoroughly wash all dishes from the refrigerator in hot water, especially one that contains something stale.
- Use the cleaning agent to clean the refrigerator itself – the inner walls, the racks for the shelves, the door handle. Act, moving from top to bottom, so that the mud does not run down to already cleared places.
- Wipe the refrigerator with paper or cloth towels, then put the racks, shelves and drawers back.
- Return the products back with a thorough inspection to see if they are all fresh. Banks, bottles, containers and bags can be pre-wiped with an alcohol raster.
Repeat this procedure regularly every 30 days, and you can reduce the risk of catching the infection through food.
- The United States has a record increase of 1,736 deaths, adding nearly 20,000 infections a day
The US has recorded an additional 1,736 deaths and at least 19,351 new coronavirus infections. This is the highest number of deaths recorded in a day since the beginning of the epidemic.
According to statistics from Johns Hopkins University, as of April 7, the US had at least 387,547 confirmed coronavirus positive cases and 12,722 people had died of infection.
At least 19,351 new infections and an additional 1,736 deaths were confirmed on April 7. The number of new deaths recorded is the highest number of deaths per day since the outbreak began in the US.
According to data provided by Johns Hopkins University, the highest number of people who died in the previous day was 1,344 on April 4.
This includes cases in 50 states, the District of Columbia and other US territories. Wyoming is the only US state to date where no deaths due to Covid-19 have been recorded.
On the same day, New York state, where the disease was worst affected in the US also recorded a record high number of deaths. The state has recorded 731 more deaths, bringing the total number of deaths due to Covid-19 here to 5,489.
New York Governor Andrew Cuomo has warned of a rise in infections and deaths as residents begin to leave their homes.
“The weather has warmed up. People have been indoors for a month and they went out in greater numbers,” Cuomo told CNN .
Earlier, Mr. Cuomo said he was more concerned about the current situation than the next wave of infection.
“I’m not even worried about the second wave. I’m worried about getting out of the situation we are in right now and saving as many people as possible. It will depend on how well we adhere to social distandsing, “said Cuomo.
- Nnumber of global deaths from Coronavirus exceeds 75,000
The number of deaths from Coronavirus in Spain increased slightly again, with 743 cases in the past 24 hours, bringing the total number of Covid-19 deaths in the country to 13,798 cases.
According to Bloomberg , earlier on 6/4, the Spanish Ministry of Health recorded only 637 deaths. With 13,798 deaths, Spain is still the second most deadly country in the world after Italy.
Meanwhile, the total number of Covid-19 infections in the country was 140,510 cases, an increase of 5,478 cases compared to the previous day. This is also a slight increase after 2 consecutive days of new cases declining.
Although, the number of deaths (743) is still lower than the peak days of the previous week, and this number is likely to increase due to slowing down statistics in the last 2 weekends.
Despite the blockade of nearly all public life for three weeks, the government of Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez is still struggling to control one of Europe’s worst outbreaks. Hospitals are under strain while the number of intensive care beds is exhausted, and the army has been mobilized to provide assistance.
Mr Sanchez will chair a cabinet meeting at the end of April 7 to discuss the extension of the state of emergency – starting March 14 and ending April 11 – additional two weeks.
In Iran , coronavirus deaths increased by 133 in the past 24 hours, bringing the total death toll in the country to 3,872, Health Ministry spokesman Kianush Jahanpur told state television on April 7.
The total number of infections reached 62,589, an increase of 2,089 cases from the previous day.
Among them, 3,987 cases are in critical condition.
Indonesia on Wednesday confirmed 247 new cases, bringing the total to 2,738, according to Health Ministry official Achmad Yurianto.
The official added that the country recorded 12 new deaths, bringing the total death toll to 221 while 204 people recovered.
More than 14,300 tests were conducted in Indonesia.
The Philippine Ministry of Health on the same day reported 14 new deaths from coronavirus and an additional 104 cases.
The number of deaths now stands at 177 and the total number of cases is 3,764, Health Minister Francisco Duque said at a press conference on April 7.
President Rodrigo Duterte previously extended strict quarantine measures until the end of April in the country’s coup to curb the outbreak.
The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) of Germany announced on April 7 that the country’s coronavirus infection increased by 3,834 in 24 hours, bringing the total to 99,225, marking a rebound after 4 days of continuous decline.
Globally, the number of deaths from new strain of coronavirus has surpassed 75,000 since the outbreak in late 2019, according to statistics from Johns Hopkins University.
Italy remains the worst affected country, with 16,523 deaths so far, followed by Spain with 13,798 cases. The United States has the third largest number of deaths in the world with 10,993 cases, of which 3,485 cases in New York City alone.
- Coronavirus: US has more than 10,000 deaths, New York hopes to have hit the peak of the epidemic
The number of deaths in the US from Covid-19 infection surpassed 10,000 on April 6. In the meantime, the New York epidemic is expected to have hit the epidemic as death tolls are declining.
More than 10,000 people have died of coronavirus in the US as of April 6, according to CBS . This is the week that President Donald Trump considered the “most difficult” week in the epidemic with the United States.
According to Johns Hopkins University, the US has more than 350,000 confirmed positive cases of the virus.
In New York, an additional 599 people died of Covid-19 on April 6. New York governor Andrew M. Cuomo cautiously expressed optimism on April 6 that the state’s infection and death curve may be starting to slow, according to the New York Times .
“It is hopeful,” Mr. Cuomo said, “but nothing has been concluded and it still depends on what we do.”
New York City is still the center of the epidemic in the US with hospitals full of patients. A city councilor said officials were considering creating temporary mass graves in one of the city’s parks, an idea rejected by Cuomo.
But even as Mr. Cuomo talked about “a curve can be flattened,” he made it clear that hospitals in New York were at their limits. He also doubled the maximum penalty for violating the social isolation rules of up to $ 1,000 and urged people to comply with them.
The number of new deaths recorded in New York on April 6 is a slight increase compared to 594 on April 4. However, compared to April 3, the day when the death toll was recorded as 630, this number decreased significantly.
In total, 4,758 people died from Covid-19 infection in New York. Nationwide, at least 10,522 people have died, according to the New York Times .
Mr. Cuomo also warned people not to be overconfident.
“This is an enemy we underestimated from day one and we paid dearly,” he said.
He also warned that the numbers that seemed to be falling did not mean the crisis was over. “Other places have made that mistake.”
- 10 Most Dirty Places and Things Everyone Should Know to Protect Coronavirus
There is no toilet on this list, but there is another familiar item from the bathroom.
More than 500,000 bacteria live on the keyboard within one square centimeter. This is due to the fact that people sitting down at a computer or laptop do not even think about how to wash their hands. Everything that you bring from the street is deposited on the keyboard in a dense layer. Add dust and crumbs to it. The result is an ideal breeding ground for pathogens.
What to do
First, wash your hands every time you go home. Secondly, carry out a general cleaning of the keyboard at least once a week. You can more often if you are not the only user of the device.
Turn off the keyboard, turn it over, and gently tapping on the back, knock out any dirt stuck between the buttons. You can use a regular hair dryer to blow dust and debris. Use tweezers as an aid.
Then prepare a mild soapy solution (in a glass of water, dilute a few drops of detergent). You can wipe the keys and the space between them with a lint-free cloth or a clean toothbrush. After the procedure, wipe the keyboard with a dry cloth.
2. Mobile phones
During the day, the cell phone gets into a lot of dirty places: it lies in the pocket where you just pulled out the money from, or on the desktop, which there is always no time to wipe. The phone is taken with unwashed hands after a store, metro, public transport. In a word, he carries a huge amount of all kinds of microbes in a day.
What to do
Be sure to carry out a complete disinfection of the mobile phone once a week. Define a special place for him in a purse, purse or backpack. Wipe your smartphone with special cleaning wipes as often as possible.
At home, take microfiber cloth, apply a few drops of antibacterial hand liquid on it, and then wipe your mobile device. To keep the phone as clean as possible, use the headset outdoors and in public places.
3. Drain hole in the sink
Sink siphon – the most favorable environment for the growth of bacteria. As a rule, housewives pay attention to its condition when the drain is clogged or an unpleasant smell appears.
What to do
Prepare a special solution and pour the mixture into the drain hole for 20-30 minutes. Pre-wrap the rag in polyethylene and plug the drain with it. The solution can be prepared in several ways:
- In ½ cup of hot water, dilute one teaspoon of soda.
- Mix ½ cup 3–9% white vinegar and a teaspoon of lemon juice.
- Mix ½ cup 3–9% white vinegar and a teaspoon of soda.
Accumulated fat deposits are cleaned with saturated salt solution (3 tablespoons of salt per 1 cup of hot water). After cleaning, flush the drain with a powerful jet of hot water.
Try to keep the kitchen clean. Change sponges and towels more often, wash the fridge handles and use five separate cutting boards for meat, fish, raw vegetables and fruits , boiled foods, bread.
Toothbrush can become a source of reproduction of more than 100 million bacteria that are harmful to the body. And this is absolutely natural, because we brush our teeth every day, removing plaque and food debris. After a while, the brush literally overgrows with bacteria.
What to do
Once every three months, toothbrushes need to be replaced with new ones and stored upright.
For disinfection, you can lower the brush for 30 seconds in an oral rinse that contains alcohol. You can also immerse it in boiling water for a couple of minutes or wash it in a dishwasher, placing it on the top shelf. Rinse the brush with hot water after use.
5. The keys
There are as many bacteria on the surface of the keys as there are on the elevator call button. We never wipe the keys and always take them with dirty hands. They fall in the entrance or on the street, stored in dirty pockets and bring an incredible amount of infectious bacteria into the house. Some give their children as a toy, which is unacceptable and dangerous to the health of the child.
What to do
As soon as you get home, first wash your hands and then carefully wipe the keys (including the car) with antiseptic wipes. Make it a rule to store keys in your housekeeper so as not to spread bacteria throughout the house.
6. Wallet and money
On average, a single banknote contains about 30,000 bacteria per square centimeter. The older the bill, the more it carries the infection: helminths, Koch sticks, pathogens of tuberculosis and meningitis. Paying money, people exchange bacteria.
What to do
After each contact with money, wash your hands or wipe them with a special disinfectant . Keep money in your wallet, not in your clothing pockets. Do not leave bills on the dining table, in the hallway, do not drop them on a bed or sofa. Choose a permanent place for your wallet and periodically wipe it with antiseptic wipes.
There are 4,000 times more bacteria per square centimeter of ordinary carpet than in the same area of the toilet. The fleecy surface of the carpet becomes an excellent accumulation of all kinds of bacteria, dust mites and particles of dead skin.
What to do
Clean the carpet regularly with a vacuum cleaner. To remove stains and dust, dissolve 2 teaspoons of ammonia in 1 liter of water. Clean the carpet with a brush dampened in the mixture. Then ventilate the room and let the carpet dry.
Conventional baking soda also copes with the deep cleaning of carpets and rugs. It can be used both in dry form and in the form of a solution (in a glass of water, dissolve a tablespoon of soda). Put the mixture on the carpet and leave for 40 minutes, then vacuum. So you not only get rid of pollution, but also update the color of the coating.
Here you first bring thousands of germs from the street straight to the apartment. In addition, pets are often liked to be here, which then spread bacteria to furniture, tables, window sills and carpets.
What to do
First of all, buy a special rug for the hallway, which will absorb dirt and street dust. Take off your shoes on it, and then go on.
Once a week, the mat must be cleaned with detergent in hot water. Get your shoes in order as soon as you get home. Wipe the floors in the hallway daily with any disinfectant.
9. A curtain for a bathroom
Bacteria multiply more actively in a humid environment. Bathroom curtains are particularly prone to ubiquitous mold . But usually they are never cleaned, believing that the soap solution falling on the curtains is enough to disinfect.
What to do
It is recommended to clean the bathroom curtain once a month. Polyethylene curtains are best replaced with vinyl. Mildew appears less frequently on them. In addition, they can be machine washed at 40 degrees (without spin and drying). It is enough to wipe the polyester curtains with a sponge.
Soak the curtain along with the fixtures in salt water. This will help get rid of mold. If the curtain is made of water-repellent fabric, it can be soaked in a weak solution of bleach containing chlorine. Dry the curtains after each use and ventilate the bathroom more often.
10. Dishwasher and washing machine
Despite the fact that both technical means are designed to maintain order and cleanliness, they themselves are a source of microbes.
What to do
Once every six months, clean the door gasket of the dishwasher using a specialized tool recommended by the manufacturer. To prevent mold from appearing, wipe the chamber, door, gaskets, and coarse filter dry daily.
Wash the bottom of the machine door and the space between the gaskets regularly. After use, leave the dishwasher open until completely dry.
Once a month, rinse the drain filter of the washing machine with detergent under running water. Keep the powder tray clean.
To rid the machine of mold and bacteria, sometimes use any oxygen-containing bleach. Or you can wash cotton kitchen towels by pouring 100 milliliters of disinfectant into the powder compartment.
For complete decontamination of equipment, at least once a month, thoroughly rinse all removable parts (filters, powder tray, drain hose), as well as door seals.
- New York Zoo’s Tiger Positive with Coronavirus
Tiger at the Bronx Zoo in New York is believed to be the first coronavirus infectious case in animals in the US as well as in tigers around the world.
The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), the zoo’s Bronx zoo, said on Thursday that Nadia, a Malay tiger positive for the virus, is coughing but is expected to recover soon, according to AP .
The 4 year old female tiger, as well as the other six tigers and lions also got sick, is thought to be transmitted by a zoo employee “infected with the virus but without showing symptoms”, according to the US Department of Agriculture .
The zoo said the first animal began showing symptoms on March 27, while the zoo was closed to the public on March 16.
“Although they have shown to some degree anorexia, they are fine with medical care, and are still alert, active and interacting with zoo staff,” the WCS said.
“It is not yet clear how this disease will progress in large cats as different species respond differently to infection, but we will continue to monitor them closely and expect them to recover. all “.
Zoo officials also say they hope Nadia’s diagnostic results “will ensure that any knowledge we have about Covid-19 will contribute to the world continuing to learn about the new virus strain.” this “.
This also raises new questions about Covid-19 virus infection in animals. The US Department of Agriculture says there are no known cases of livestock or cattle in the United States.
“It is important to reassure pet owners and breeders now that there is no evidence they can spread the virus,” said Jane Rooney, a veterinarian and US Department of Agriculture official.
The world has recorded several cases of animals infected with the coronavirus after close contact with an infected person, including a dog in Hong Kong in late February.
The Hong Kong Agricultural Authority concluded that cats and dogs kept at home cannot transmit the virus to humans, but they can be transmitted from their owners
- Russia has recorded nearly 1,000 cases of coronavirus
Russia has confirmed 954 more cases of coronavirus in the past 24 hours, including 30 cases of children, bringing the country’s total to 6,343.
Forty seven people died from the coronavirus in Russia, according to the Moscow Times .
As of April 6, 49 more cases had reported cases. The virus has spread to almost 80/85 regions of Russia.
In total, 406 people have recovered in this country.
“In the past day, 51 people have been discharged from the hospital. Two more patients have died in the Moscow region and the Republic of Komi, ”according to a Russian state notice.
Russia has conducted more than 758,000 tests.
Most cases have been reported in Moscow. Among the new infections, about 85% are people under 65 years of age.
Since March 30, all 12 million capital residents have been ordered to stay home, with a few exceptions.
In Russia, about 200,000 people are being monitored for the new strain of coronary pneumonia. Over the weekend, President Vladimir Putin signed an executive order extending the working day to full pay until April 30.
“To ensure the hygiene and epidemiology of people throughout the territory of the Russian Federation regarding the spread of coronavirus disease, according to Article 80 of the Constitution of the Russian. I decide the days of nonworking. The work will last from April 4 to April 30 with the same wages ”Putin said in a speech on April 2.
Worldwide, the coronavirus has infected more than 1,276,000 people. Nearly 70,000 deaths have been recorded so far.
- Deaths from Coronavirus in the US Exceeded 9,000
The State of New York reported 594 new deaths from the coronavirus on April 5, lower than 630 cases recorded the day before, Governor Andrew Cuomo said at the daily news conference.
In total, New York state, which was the hardest hit by the Covid-19 epidemic in the US, recorded 4,195 deaths.
As President Donald Trump and other leaders warn of rising deaths, Cuomo said it was too early to say whether the outbreak had peaked in New York. He thinks this can be clarified in the coming week.
Mr. Cuomo noted that the deaths were leveled off for three days after a sharp rise. The number of deaths recorded on May 3 was 562.
The number of new hospitalizations fell to 574 on April 5 from 1,095 the day before, Mr. Cuomo said. The governor said 74% of the hospitalized people were discharged.
The state of New York has a total of 122,000 positive cases of the coronavirus. New York City has 67,551 cases, an increase of 4,245 cases per day.
Covid-19 has appeared in more than 200 countries and territories with the focus of the US and European countries, after starting from China in December 2019. The number of global infections has exceeded 1.2 million and nearly 66,000 have died. The US is currently the world’s most heavily affected epidemic, with more than 9,000 deaths and infections exceeding 300,000.
- One Month Delay in Testing Coronavirus Led to Epidemic in the United States
The US reaction for nearly two months before the outbreak occurred struggling and delayed. Without timely extensive testing, the United States is in the biggest health crisis in history.
In the early days of the outbreak, a group of federal government officials responsible for protecting the United States from the new strain of coronavirus met daily in the Situation Room in the White House, plunged in constant crises.
They struggled with the plan to evacuate the US consulate in Wuhan, forbid people who had ever been to China to enter, and evacuated American citizens from Diamond Princess and some other yachts.
The coronavirus response task force usually spent only 5-10 minutes, mostly at the end of the meetings, to discuss testing, according to the disclosure of a number of participants.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) at that time developed its own diagnostic model and will soon implement it in the first step against epidemics, or at least that is what the agency leaders promised to remaining members in the group.
However, when an epidemic from China spread to the United States, spreading rapidly across the country from late January to early March, widespread testing to detect infected people did not occur.
It is the result of technical flaws, “impassable” administrative barriers and a lack of leadership at many levels, as revealed by many health officials, government officials, and scientists and business leadership with the New York Times.
Missed the golden opportunity
The richest country in the world, with the hands of leading infectious disease scientists and experts, has spent nearly a month preparing and ruining the best opportunity to control the spread of the virus. Instead, Americans are largely blind to the scale of the public health disaster that is coming.
According to former CDC director Thomas Frieden, the failure to test until it is too late indicates failures in many parts of the government.
Jennifer Nuzzo, an epidemiologist at Johns Hopkins, reviews President Donald Trump’s government misjudging the impact of the epidemic. Meanwhile, former leader of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Margaret Hamburg said the passive period has led to “cumulative growth of cases” in the US.
A week after Washington state reported the first case of coronavirus in the United States on January 21, the Wall Street Journal published comments from two former top health officials of the Trump administration calling for immediate action to block disease outbreak.
Luciana Borio, former director of health policy and biological defense at the National Security Council, and Scott Gottlieb, former leader of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), outlined the urgent steps to take. America avoids medical catastrophes. A top priority is that the federal government must work with the private sector and develop a “quick, easy-to-use diagnostic test kit”. That’s exactly what Korea did in the first two weeks after the first case was discovered, just a day before Washington’s historic announcement.
It was not until February 29, more than a month after the appeal of Borio and Gottlieb, and nearly 6 weeks after the first case in the US was discovered, that the Trump administration realized this. Hospitals and laboratories across the country are finally allowed to conduct the Covid-19 test themselves to speed up the detection of infected people.
On March 26, the United States surpassed 82,000 cases of coronavirus infection nationwide and became the country with the highest number of Covid-19 patients in the world. Only three days later, this figure in the US exceeded 121,000 walls with more than 2,000 deaths.
More than a quarter of patients were discovered in New York City, now a new focus of the global pandemic. The development curve of the epidemic in the US continues to increase steeply, with the number of infections / cases getting bigger and bigger, approaching the risk of exceeding the endurance of the national health system.
“The way America copes will be viewed by many generations as a classic example of catastrophic failure. What happened in Washington is clearly a near total failure, ”said Ron Klain, former 2014 Ebola virus coordinator, under former President Barack Obama.
By the time federal officials are being notified of large-scale testing adjustments, everything is too late. Control measures no longer matter. The remaining coping tools in the hands of the government are blockade, social intervention and drastic treatment in the hope of limiting the consequences of the disease.
In a hearing with the House of Representatives, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the leading government scientist in the battle with the virus, admitted that not promoting early testing was a weakness in the deadly pandemic response.
According to sources familiar with the matter, there are three agencies in the US government responsible for detecting and responding to threats such as Covid-19 but unable to catch the pandemic. Although scientists soon followed the Chinese situation and set off the alarm, none of the three leaders of the agency urgently mobilized full protection for the American people.
CDC Director Robert Redfield, 68, former veteran military physician and AIDS pandemic researcher, believes his scientists can develop the world’s most accurate coronavirus test and tissue sharing this diagnostic image of state laboratories. When he discovered that the test kit was flawed and did not produce reliable results in February, he promised to fix it quickly, but CDC took several weeks to come up with a solution.
Leading health agencies in the United States also limit the scope of karma review and delay the conduct of epidemiological surveillance at the community level, a basic practice for detecting the spread of a virus. If the United States can trace the earliest developments of the disease and identify hot spots at risk of outbreaks, local isolation may have worked.
At the same time, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) leader Stephen Hahn again enforced regulations that prevented hospitals, private clinics and businesses from running diagnostic tests. While some countries are successful in mobilizing the private sector, jointly conducting tens of thousands of tests every day, the average number in the US before the outbreak is less than 100 tests per day.
Overseeing the activities of both agencies is Secretary of State Alex Azar, head of the US Department of Health and Human Services, and is responsible for coordinating the U.S. government’s response strategy to the pandemic. Although aware of the frustrations of the Covid-19 test, Minister Azar could not urge the CDC and FDA to accelerate.
The 52-year-old minister was the leader of the coronavirus task force until the end of February, before being taken over by Vice President Mike Pence. Mr. Azar himself has also encountered disagreements with the White House on a number of other issues for months before the coronavirus became a global problem. The liaison between the task force and President Trump is the White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney, a voiceless figure in the group of officials close to the leader.
Lacking high-level attention and the need for urgent action, the testing problem is forgotten and has disastrous consequences.
Science loses its voice
President Trump at the end of January dodged talking about the severity of the threat. On January 30, when the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus outbreak to be a global emergency, President Trump continued to reassure people that “the situation will not be as bad as people think.” .
“We think things are very well controlled. We think things will end well for us. I can assure you that, ”he said.
In the early stages of the lost “golden month”, when the US government should still have time to act before the coronavirus outbreak, President Trump was again distracted with impeachment in the Senate. Lo economic influence, he denied the risks that the US health system is facing. By the end of the month, the leader was confident that the virus was about to evaporate from the United States.
“It will disappear. One day, miraculously, it will disappear,” he emphasized in a speech in February.
The United States now has more than 312,237 cases with deaths exceeding 8,501, making it the world leader in the scale of the disease. Many cities froze, the economy went into recession, and the daily lives of people turned upside down. Even so, many Americans still cannot get tested even if they have the disease.
The subjective psychology of the White House before all scientific warnings became familiar during President Trump’s term.
Many experienced and highly specialized personnel and officials, fully aware of what the government needs to do with scientific information, have left office recently. As revealed by former senior administration official with the Guardian, the level of expertise and leadership “has eroded at many important levels within the government.” He shared that federal agencies have difficulty finding qualified quality personnel because “no one wants to work there.”
Before the worrying developments of the epidemic in Korea and Italy, Dr. Messonnier on 25/2 suddenly warned the American people that “the disturbance in daily life can be very serious”. That statement made President Trump furious when he returned from India. Some sources said he was screaming during a call with Minister Alex Azar because he was unhappy with the impact of the warning on financial markets.
On the same day, the head of the US Department of Health and Human Services had to correct Ms. Messonnier, who noted that people “began to think about what could happen to their lives”. The phrase “maybe” was repeatedly emphasized by him
The indifference of the White House to the epidemic is evident in the proposal to cut 16% of the budget for the CDC, which President Trump made on February 10, just 11 days after WHO recognized the corornavirus as a problem emergency medical. Schaffner said the leading US health agency was marginalized during a period when the White House should have made the most of it to prepare for a pandemic.
The voices of many veteran, respected and in-depth officials in scientific expertise are overwhelmed by President Trump’s messages. Dr. Anthony Fauci, Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the National Institutes of Health, is a rare case of a scientific voice respected by the White House when the coronavirus storm hit the US . He must regularly make corrections on television and provide accurate scientific information after the White House coronavirus press conferences.
Mr. Fauci himself spoke openly about the annoyance of the leader’s arbitrary speech habits. In the interview, Jon Cohen, a writer in Science magazine, wondered how Fauci could stand still with President Trump at every press conference and hear the leader give confusing information to the public. Typically the statement of a ban on entry from China stopped the coronavirus.
“I understand, but what do you want me to do now? In fact, what else can I do? ”, The top US health official shared.
Mr. Trump calls himself a “war president”. If true to the title itself, his “strategy” is causing too much controversy. The problem with the federal agencies in dealing with the disease is further amplified with the way President Trump organizes the government’s task force.
The government’s special task group on the coronavirus was reformed in late February, then assigned Vice President Mike Pence to lead it. The White House’s second character soon appointed Ambassador Deborah Birx, the US special envoy for global health diplomacy, to be the coronavirus response coordinator. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) again controls many key areas of the response campaign. White House adviser and President-in-law of President Trump, Jared Kushner, also set up a private team implicitly impacting policy as in many other crises.
“Responsibility does not go anywhere. Constantly changing. No one has solved the problem, ”the former official revealed.
No consensus in senior government agency
ccording to Bruce Aylward, a senior adviser at the World Health Organization (WHO), who led the team that sent a delegation to China to study a new strain of the virus, testing plays a crucial role in the study of how to defeat the disease. . Measures to help identify the disease, the degree of pathology and especially its development direction in the population.
“You need to know if the disease has occurred or not. You need to know whether people around you are infected or not. Because only then can you prevent it,” he said.
This urgent step was delayed in the US because of the miscalculation of the CDC and the FDA, two agencies that are extremely important in disease prevention.
The first time CDC Director Robert Redfield heard about the severity of the coronavirus was from his Chinese colleagues in early 2020, when he was on New Year’s holiday. He spends so much time making phone calls that people in the house rarely see him. One of the most gloomy conversations was when George Gao, the director of CDC China, burst into tears on the other side of the call.
His agency acted aggressively in the beginning. On January 7, the CDC built a “case management system” for the coronavirus and recommended citizens who came to Wuhan to be cautious. By January 20, about two weeks after Chinese scientists shared the virus genome sequence, CDC had developed its own test model and deployed the first case detection in the United States.
Assessing viruses is a major challenge. The virus strain is so new and mysterious, so scientists don’t have much information to act. China provides limited data, while also rejecting a request from the US government to send CDC experts to the field. The virus does not cause symptoms but still has the ability to spread, making it difficult to understand the disease in the early stages.
Attempts to track viruses have stalled at the most urgent time. By mid-February, the entire US conducted an average of 100 tests per day, according to CDC data. However, Mr. Redfield still underestimated the severity of the problem during meetings and talks with Minister Alex Aza, emphasizing that the error will be rectified soon, according to the disclosure of some government officials.
Because of its limited capacity, the CDC offers a rigorous set of criteria for those who need testing: Only those who have been to China or have been in contact with patients who have found positive for the virus.
CDC on February 14 announced plans for testing in five high-risk cities, New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco and Seattle. The measure to provide an “early warning signal to promptly change the response strategy” was not finally implemented.
“If there were more tests in the first place and early detection of cases, we would have been in a very different situation,” says epidemiologist Jennifer Nuzzo.
The consequences of false steps gradually became apparent in late February. The Seattle area, where the first case was detected in the US, first detected a corona-positive patient outside the test criteria. Virus alarm researchers have been spreading in Seattle and elsewhere for weeks. Without knowing the complete picture of the infected person, epidemiological investigators could not conduct “contact tracing”. They cannot search for people at risk of the disease and carry out quarantine to cut off the chain of infection.
Meanwhile, CDC still resolutely refuses to apply the WHO testing model. They are confident when the private path is still effective. The test gives accurate results in a CDC laboratory. Deputy Director Anne Schuchat later admitted that she did not think they needed an external testing model when the WHO-recommended test kit had not yet passed the US approval process.
On February 24, a letter signed by 49 deputies called for speeding up testing in the states.
Difficulty in testing
While the CDC struggled with developing test kits, the FDA became a legal barrier to national testing efforts.
Stephen Hahn’s first working session with the FDA leadership began when the coronavirus epidemic was approaching the US threshold, nearly 6 weeks after the US Department of Health and Human Services declared a medical condition emergency in late January. Former leader of the MD Anderson Cancer Research Center in Houston was tasked with driving the FDA to build a network of academic and private laboratories across the country to deal with “invisible enemies.” “, but they became obstacles.
The private sector should quickly become America’s next line of defense after the CDC completes its mission of conducting tests through public laboratories.
Typical example is Korea. The Seoul government since early February has been meeting with 20 medical equipment manufacturers, easing management and speeding up testing. Stephen Hahn again chose a cautious approach. He does not proactively use CDC and FDA scientists but adheres to the rigorous testing approval standards.
According to the New York Times , it was Minister Azar’s declaration of emergency medical conditions that inadvertently set rigid rules forcing Hahn and the FDA to follow.
The statement at the end of January was made for pharmaceutical companies to develop vaccines and therapies more quickly during a crisis, instead of spending more than a year waiting for FDA approval.
However, the text also creates a barrier to hospitals and laboratories to develop diagnostic tests for people infected with coronavirus.
Researchers in the US have soon developed the test models that can diagnose Covid-19, but most need to approval at the FDA.
Many test kits are waiting in laboratories across the country, among them Stanford. Researchers at the world’s leading prestigious university have completed effective testing since February, based on information provided by WHO. WHO, after co-operating with Germany, developed the Covid-19 assay, which has supported more than 250,000 test kits to about 70 laboratories around the world.
BioMérieux, a French medical diagnostic firm, faces the same difficulty with the FDA. Its BioFire test system is used to detect influenza and many respiratory diseases at more than 1,700 hospitals in the United States. This technology is capable of delivering results in 45 minutes. Mark Miller, the company’s chief medical officer, said the FDA’s “emergency use” process was too time-consuming and time-consuming.
In mid-February, the airline received an emergency license for BioFire, effective from March 24.
Miller said the US government was responding too slowly, especially in terms of logistics, such as providing sufficient testing supplies for facilities that needed BioFire.
Lack of leadership
When declaring a state of emergency in late January, Minister Alex Azar showed his confidence. During a press conference at the US Department of Health and Human Services building in Washington, he said the coronaviurs epidemic was still under control.
“I know the tactics very well,” the minister recalled the senior positions he held during the SARS response phase in 2003 and other infectious disease risks.
Graduating from law at Yale University, Mr. Azar was a leading legal adviser to the US Department of Health and Human Services. He also has about 10 years of experience in leadership of Eli Lilly, one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world.
It is worth noting that Minister Azar was most interested in President Trump because of non-medical aspects. After graduating from law school, he worked as a secretary for the most conservative American judges in the United States, including Supreme Court Judge Antonin Scalia. He also spent two years as a deputy to Special Prosecutor Ken Starr in an independent investigation of President Bill Clinton.
Mr. Alex Azar was appointed as the second Secretary of Health and Human Services during President Trump’s presidency in early 2018. The top priority at the time was lower drug prices and the fight with painkillers.
When the Covid-19 epidemic broke out sharply in China and many other countries in the first 2 months of the year, Minister Azar was under pressure from public scrutiny and the relationship was not very smooth with the leaders of some direct agencies, according to some well-informed sources. He has persistent disagreements with Seema Verma, the leader of the federal insurance program Medicare and Medicaid. He also did not include Director Stephen Hahn as part of the coronavirus response team, even though the meetings were attended by FDA representatives.
The disagreement between the minister and CDC Director Robert Redfield increased around testing strategy. Two people exchange by phone dozens of calls every day. By the end of February, when the CDC test kit revealed a flaw, Minister Azar said that his leading medical agency had provided false information for him to disclose to the people.
Typically, the number of more than 3,600 people tested was announced by Mr. Azar on March 1 on CBS. The actual number as of that time was significantly lower because many patients were tested many times. This error was corrected by CDC in a hearing before the House of Representatives thereafter.
Another source said that Azar, who is committed to testing by the CDC, will be available within 7-10 days after development, but a week later still receive the same promise.
By the end of February 27, US health officials agreed that the FDA would need to loosen regulations so that hospitals and independent laboratories could quickly conduct separate tests. But by then the US coronavirus epidemic response apparatus had changed. President Trump unexpectedly appointed Vice President Mike Pence to replace Secretary Alex Azar as head of the task force. The decision was so sudden that even top White House health officials came to the news to watch the announcement.
The previous presidents always acted urgently in the face of disease risk. Response efforts come from within the White House, starting with the appointment of a “commander” to coordinate everything.
“If you review the history of responding to similar challenges in the US, from HIV to any other epidemic, they always remove all obstacles in the system for effective response,” the epidemiologist said. WHO study Bruce Aylward shared.
However, in the face of the coronavirus pandemic, President Trump did not choose personnel at the White House to steer the planning of the response. This was only conducted nearly 2 months after the outbreak.
Nearly a year ago, in an effort to reform the National Security Council, President Trump also dissolved the global health security unit set up by his predecessor. For nearly two months, the task force’s biggest weakness was that they did not have a person inside the White House who had the authority to force agencies to act.
After Vice President Pence intervened, the test was speeded up with nearly 100 laboratories and other medical facilities participating. On March 27, Abbott Group, the healthcare giant, announced it had received emergency approval to produce a mobile test kit, capable of identifying cases of coronavirus in just 5 minutes.
President Trump proudly declared that the US “has created a new system” and is conducting tests “in an unbelievable amount”. He emphasized that the United States over the past eight days has conducted tests on a larger scale than what South Korea has done in eight weeks.
In fact, hospitals and clinics across the country are still in a state of refusal to test for suspected mild symptoms. The test is intended for the most serious cases. Mild illness usually takes a week to receive results.
Silently acknowledging the shortage, President Trump earlier this week spoke to his Korean counterpart, Moon Jae In, to ask for support for the test kit. South Korea is producing nearly 100,000 units / day, with testing capacity now higher than national demand.
Community health experts responded positively when testing capacity was strengthened. However, the ability to diagnose the disease up to 3 months after China revealed the newly established epidemic only adds to the regret that the process was not completed earlier to minimize the number of deaths.
“Testing is a crack that breaks the rest of the coping effort, while it should be tied together,” said Nahid Bhadelia, Medical Director at the University of Boston School of Medicine Special Unit of Diseases. , identify.
“It affects every aspect of the coping effort, affecting us all. The delay in testing has affected the overall coping strategy, ”she stressed.
Thank you for reading!
- 10 Bad Habits Put You at Risk of Coronavirus
We Happy Worthy Life show you 10 bad habits effective to your health and put you at risk of Coronavirus disease. Don’t do that.
The link between this habit and the risk of getting sick is assumed but not yet well understood. However, there is data that allows us to make a prediction: if you smoke, COVID ‑ 19 will proceed in a more acute form.
Scientists analyzed more than a thousand cases of infection in the midst of an epidemic in China. It turned out that among severe patients (those who needed intensive care or died) , one in four was a smoker . Among the lungs, only one in ten.
Inhalation of tobacco smoke appears to be associated with a more severe respiratory infection.
Jay Taylor Hays, MD, Director, Nicotine Addiction Center in Rochester
2. Do not think about hygiene
WHO insists if necessary, wash your hands or treat them with an alcohol-containing antiseptic. And even puts this recommendation on the first place in the list of preventive measures against COVID ‑ 19.
The reason is simple. SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 coronavirus, although transmitted primarily by airborne droplets, easily settles on the surface . And can live on them for 3-4 days.
If you touch an infected handrail in public transport, a door handle in a store, or an elevator button, the virus migrates into your palms and fingers. And from there, it can easily penetrate the body through the mucous membranes. For example, when you scratch your eyes with an unwashed hand or wipe your nose.
3. Touching the face
Smooth eyebrows, scratch nose, put palm under cheek. These often unconscious movements also help the coronavirus to enter the body. Thinking and habitually reaching to your face, you can touch the mucous membranes with dirty hands. And get infected.
4. Biting Nails
In this case, you will probably touch the mucosa. So, increase the risk of infection.
5. Go to work with a cold
Such a disregard for health (both one’s own and those around him) can turn into serious troubles.
If you have a cold, sit at home. And watch your symptoms closely. We are not hinting at anything, but fever, dry cough and weakness are reasons to call the local GP or the hotline on the issues of coronavirus.
6. Constantly monitor news and sit on social networks
Our brains are designed so that we react most badly to bad news. Psychologists call this error of thinking the effect of negative prejudice.
The problem is that it’s easy to drown in the information about the economic crisis and the victims of the coronavirus. The result is stress that becomes chronic. And this is a direct road to decline immunity . The more you stress, the easier all kinds of inflammatory diseases conquer your body.
7. Get close to people
Hugs and kisses at a meeting have long been a trend, but now they are rapidly out of fashion. Like crowds at the checkout or trips of six in a cramped elevator.
The main route of transmission of the coronavirus is airborne, that is, with tiny droplets of saliva and mucus secreted from the patient’s mouth and nose. Therefore, WHO recommends stay at least one meter away from coughing or sneezing people.
Life hacker, in turn, recalls that in some cases, COVID ‑ 19 is almost asymptomatic. So, any person can be a vector of infection – even someone who does not cough and looks generally healthy.
8. Sleep little
Lack of sleep beats immunity, like stress. People who do not get enough sleep are more likely to get respiratory viral infections, including COVID ‑ 19. And they’re recovering more slowly.
Therefore, the habit of watching TV shows until late at night and generally sleeping less than 8 hours is a sure way to lose in the fight against coronavirus.
In general, get used to keep your distance, even when it comes to close friends. Now it can save your life.
Here two factors play a role at once. First: the more people around you, the higher the risk that one of them will be a carrier of the infection and be able to pass it on to you.
Second: clothes, shoes, other products may be the same surfaces on which the virus lurks. Therefore, it is advisable to say goodbye to the habit of rampant shopping. Hope for a while. If it’s hard to do without shopping, go online.
- Can I Get Coronavirus Again
Like any psychologically complex topic, the pandemic story makes people go through the five stages of experience that have become popular thanks to Dr. House: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance.
Denial (“There is no virus!”) And anger (“Take off your masks, why are you scaring people ?!”) many have already passed. They are followed by the stage of bargaining.
On forums and social networks, users share with each other the details of what they think are unusual SARS that they suffered last winter: with a high unbreakable temperature, weakness, headache, and an obsessive cough – in general, all the symptoms of COVID ‑ 19.
All this inspires people with hope. Like, if I was ill, it means that immunity has already developed and I will not be infected with the coronavirus again.
We Happy Worthy Life explains why you should not be so sure.
Could it be that many have already been ill
Yes, of course. This version is followed not only by regulars of social networks, but also by some serious scientific and state structures. For example, representatives from Oxford University.
Professor of Theoretical Epidemiology Sunetra Gupta (Sunetra Gupta), along with colleagues in late March put forward a version Fundamental principles of epidemic spread highlight the immediate need for large ‑ scale serological surveys to assess the stage of the SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 epidemic that coronavirus in the winter infected up to half of the UK population. But supposedly the majority of citizens were ill asymptomatically or easily, like a normal SARS, and now “collective immunity” is already present in the country. This means that strict quarantine measures that kill the economy can be weakened.
True, the Oxford study has not yet passed a scientific review. In addition, his results were disputed by other scientists. However, this bold scientific work has borne fruit.
All this inspires people with hope. Like, if I was ill, it means that immunity has already developed and I will not be infected with the coronavirus again.
Could it be that many have already been ill
Yes, of course. This version is followed not only by regulars of social networks, but also by some serious scientific and state structures. For example, representatives from Oxford University.
Professor of Theoretical Epidemiology Sunetra Gupta, along with colleagues in late March put forward a version that coronavirus in the winter infected up to half of the UK population. But supposedly the majority of citizens were ill asymptomatically or easily, like a normal SARS, and now “collective immunity” is already present in the country. This means that strict quarantine measures that kill the economy can be weakened.
True, the Oxford study has not yet passed a scientific review. In addition, his results were disputed by other scientists. However, this bold scientific work has borne fruit.
The Guardian edition reports that the UK government has already purchased 3.5 million test kits. The goal is to conduct a large-scale serological study of the country’s population to find out how many people already have immunity to COVID ‑ 19.
Other states are also beginning to move along the same path. Germany plans make tests for 100 thousand people to try to find antibodies to coronavirus infection in their blood. According to the results of testing, people who are found to be immune to COVID ‑ 19 may begin to issue unique certificates confirming their safety for society. Such people will be able to quarantine and return to work earlier than others.
USA also hopes create test systems that will identify citizens with immunity to coronavirus.
The theory really looks beautiful. But there’s a problem.
Can I get coronavirus again
Not excluded. Doctors still do not know how strong and complete the immunity to COVID-19 is. At their disposal is only indirect data. And that is very controversial.
So, a small study of another coronavirus, also causing a cold, showed: People may become infected again after a year, but their symptoms will be weaker.
Scientists have studied and the closest relative of the Wuhan coronavirus is SARS. It turned out that IgG immunoglobulins – the very antibodies associated with stable immunity – appeared in the blood of patients after 21-30 days after the first symptoms and persisted for at least 2 years.
A recent study was conducted on macaques. Chinese scientists infected SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 animals, and then, when they were ill and fully recovered, they introduced the same virus again. This time, the monkeys had almost no symptoms, and antibodies to coronavirus were found in their blood. This study did not pass a scientific review, but it looks promising and optimistic.
Chinese edition of South China Morning Post reports that up to 10% of patients from Wuhan who have had coronavirus later seem to have contracted it again. Tests for COVID ‑ 19, which were negative during recovery, then, after a week and a half, again showed a positive result.
The facts of reinfection still require rechecking: it may well turn out that some of the tests were simply corrupted and gave a false result. However, there is another explanation.
In general, it is far from a fact that antibodies to SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 coronavirus appear at the same time and are as stable as antibodies to SARS. The immunity to COVID ‑ 19 may be longer. Or, on the contrary, it may turn out to be short-lived – such that you easily catch a dangerous coronavirus infection again, having been ill with it just a couple of weeks ago.
It remains only to repeat the theses that have been voiced for almost three consecutive months experts at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): we still don’t know much about SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2. Data is updated and changed literally every day. Therefore, it is important to be careful and observe the self-isolation mode.
- The ‘aristocracy’ school in the US closed due to coronavirus, students party to celebrate
After US universities closed to prevent the coronavirus from spreading, many students held “celebrations” parties, increasing the risk of spreading the disease.
According to the South China Morning Post, like many other US universities, Vanderbilt University in Nashville (Tennessee) also announced the closure of its dormitories and online classes last month.
The school emphasized “extreme caution” after a local health worker tested positive for the new strain of coronavirus. However, before leaving the school to return home, more than 100 Vanderbilt students still attended parties and ignored all the school’s instructions.
They huddled together in apartment buildings, selfie and posted on Instagram. Many groups organized early St. Peter’s Day while New York City announced the cancellation of the annual traditional parade.
In a photo posted to Instagram on March 11, a student dressed in a fake protective suit, wearing a black mask, stood in the middle of a student party. On the caption, he wrote, “Challenge me to corona (virus) to me” and then put the location of Wuhan (Hubei Province), where the first case of the virus was reported.
Despite the disease
Some Vanderbilt students later learned that they were infected with the new strain of coronavirus. An online group of students infected with viruses at Vanderbilt has about 107 members, most of whom have mild or moderate symptoms. Vanderbilt University Medical Center also recorded 86 employees positive for the virus.
Vanderbilt University is a prestigious private university in the southern United States. The school example shows the dangerous habits of young people far beyond the spring break scene on Florida beach last month.
According to the South China Morning Post, university students – who travel across the United States and abroad – have largely contributed to the spread of the disease. Other universities have also reported an outbreak of coronavirus.
About 40 students at the University of Texas (Austin, Texas) are positive for Covid-19 after returning from spring break in Mexico. Last month, five students at Tampa University were also infected with the coronavirus after traveling together.
Vanderbilt University begins its spring break from February 29 to March 8, when a pandemic spreads in Europe. Vanderbilt is an expensive private school with a large number of well-off students. Students often travel abroad – especially Europe – during the spring break.
Max Schulman – a student of Vanderbilt said that he had just traveled to Barcelona with more than 10 classmates. According to Max, about 50 Vanderbilt students went there during the spring break.
On the flight back, he felt restless and not alert. Instead of going to school, Max went home to Long Island and was tested positive for the coronavirus. Unlike him, many other students have returned to school.
On March 8, Li Yihan – a Chinese student petitioned Vanderbilt to suspend classes to protect student health as the number of coronavirus infections in Nashville increased.
There have been 2 cases of infection in Nashville, while students from all over the world started coming back after spring break. The risk is very high if the school organizes the classrooms as usual, ”the petition wrote.
On the same day, the university confirmed that no student was infected with the coronavirus on campus. Classes will reopen on March 9. However, by the end of the day, the school said some students had been in contact with patients infected with the coronavirus and announced a suspension of teaching.
That very night, some students began organizing a party to celebrate, according to Reuters . On Instagram, a student took a picture of the school notice and wrote, “Let’s start the 2nd spring break.”
On March 10, Vanderbilt continued to issue a warning: “Do not organize parties, gatherings; students are encouraged to socialize and avoid interaction with others.”
On March 11, the school reported a health-care worker at Vanderbilt University Medical Center positive for the virus and turning the classes online. In addition, students living in dormitories will have to move within 4 days.
Prior to that announcement, students hurriedly celebrated St. Patrician Day soon. “We’re all here and ready to ‘burn’ the last time our college careers are over,” a student posted on Facebook about a party taking place off campus.
According to some students, some who attended the party later tested positive for the coronavirus. However, Reuters could not confirm the information.
Another party took place on the roof of the Wesley Place apartment complex, where the third and fourth-year Vanderbilt students lived. On Instagram, students post photos to gather, chat and drink beer together.
“The Covid family”
In one photo, a group of seven young girls in blue hugging and holding hands intimately. In another video, several dozen students hugged, danced, and drank together.
On the same day, US President Donald Trump banned a 30-day entry ban for foreigners from Europe, the National Basketball Association postponed the season, actor Tom Hanks and his wife tested positive with virus.
Currently, a separate online group called the Covid Family – including Vanderbilt students says they are infected with the virus – has reached 107 members.
According to Reuters , a student infected with Covid-19 attended school parties and did not show symptoms until March 15, when he returned home. The student’s mother also had mild symptoms.
Sophia Yan, a Chinese student of Vanderbilt, said she discovered she had coronavirus infection when she returned to Shenzhen on March 17. According to Yan, she didn’t attend any parties and suspected the virus had spread wide within the Vanderbilt campus.
According to Ms. Yan, American universities should ask students to report the entire schedule during the spring vacation and publicize the accommodation and classrooms of patients infected with coronavirus.
However, Vanderbilt’s governing board stated that the school “cannot disclose the personal information of any student who is positive for Covid-19 due to federal student privacy laws”.
“I think the Vanderbilt leadership does not realize that many of its students do not take it seriously,” commented Netra Rastogi, a sophomore.
- US recorded number of deaths from Covid-19 in 24 hours 1,500 deaths
The US recorded an additional 1,500 deaths from Covid-19 in 24 hours, according to statistics from Johns Hopkins University. This is the highest number of deaths in the world since the beginning of the epidemic season.
The number of deaths in the US now reaches 7,406 as of April 4. New York State also had the highest number of new deaths per day, bringing the total to 2,935. The total number of infections in this country is 276,995.
The number of people dying from the epidemic in New York state, the most severe epidemic focus in the US, almost doubled after three days, according to the New York Times.
New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo said on Tuesday that he would sign an ordinance giving him the right to distribute ventilators from some hospitals to others that are gravely depleted.
He also called for the redistribution of such a ventilator on a national level, amid New York City fearing that the numbers would be sufficient for the next few days. He reiterated his previous proposal, that when New York passed the apex of the epidemic, he himself would handle the transfer of breathing apparatus to other states that would translate to a peak later.
“I will not let people die because we will not redistribute the ventilator,” said Cuomo, and said that New York state now has more than 100,000 cases of coronavirus.
New York City alone has nearly 50,000 positive cases and more than 1,500 deaths.
The emergency situation of 2,500 beds in the Javits Center, which was originally reserved for patients unrelated to Covid-19, is now accepting Covid-19 patients.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have just issued a new guideline that everyone, especially from the epidemic area, should wear face masks like T-shirts, bandana, and non-medical masks. when go out. This is contrary to the previous recommendation that only people who are sick or at high risk wear masks.
On the same day, US Secretary of Health and Human Services Alex Azar declared that tens of millions of uninsured Americans would be covered by the government if they were infected with Covid-19.
The CARES Act, passed by the National Assembly, includes $ 100 billion for hospitals, clinics and places that “will be prohibited from charging (Covid-19 treatment) to uninsured people”. Instead, hospitals will be reimbursed by the government.
The latest figure shows that about 27.5 million Americans are uninsured, but that number will increase significantly after 10 million Americans applied for unemployment benefits in the past two weeks, according to AFP.
- Research China: Cats Can Transmit Coronavirus to Each Other
In a recent study of domestic pets, Chinese scientists discovered that cats can infect coronavirus to others through respiratory droplets.
According to the Guardian , cat owners will need to pay attention to the new research done by Chinese scientists, which found Covid-19 to be able to spread among domestic cats.
The team from the Harbin Veterinary Research Institute in Heilongjiang Province, China, found that cats are very sensitive to the Covid-19 coronavirus, and seem to be able to pass the virus to other cats through drops. coughing. However, dogs, chickens, pigs and ducks are unlikely to be infected with this virus.
There was recently news that a Belgian cat was infected with Covid-19, which showed symptoms of the disease just a week after its owner showed symptoms.
The cat also has difficulty breathing, has diarrhea and is vomiting. Subsequent tests by Liege University revealed that the animal was infected with the coronavirus.
The Chinese scientists’ study was carried out on a small sample of animals, they were transmitted at high concentrations of the virus and there was no direct indication that cats were able to transmit the virus to humans.
However, the research team says this work will help to better understand the role of domestic animals in the spread of coronavirus.
“Controlling the spread of Sars-CoV-2 virus in cats should be considered as a way to eliminate Covid-19 in humans,” the study concludes.
The study has not been reviewed yet, and was published on the bioRxiv science website on April 1. In experiments, 5 cats were given coronavirus. Three of these were placed in cages, after which healthy cats were placed in adjacent cages.
As a result, one of the healthy cats was infected with the virus, suggesting that the infection could occur through respiratory drops. The result was then performed with a group of other cats. Ferrets, which are being used to test the vaccine against Covid-19, have also been found to be at high risk of infecting each other.
Industry experts say the results of the study are credible, but it does not suggest that cats play an important role in the spread of coronavirus.
“People should follow normal precautions like washing their hands after contact with pets, and avoiding close contact with them, especially those infected with Covid-19. It is important to say “This study doesn’t tell us much about how the virus spreads outside a cat, or whether it can infect humans,” said Professor Eric Fevre, Head of the Department of Animal Infectious Diseases at University of Liverpool. identify.
- Story of the Flight Attendant Infected with Coronavirus ‘Feels Guilty’
Flight attendants feel guilty when they are part of the chain of infection. They become infected from the passengers and spread to their families.
One spring afternoon, Gabrielle Wilson, walking with her children, was suddenly tired.
“It came very abruptly. I had to sit down on the sidewalk,” the veteran flight attendant told the Guardian . Her muscles ached all over and her throat was “strangely dry,” a feeling she had never before.
Ms. Wilson is a flight attendant for Air Canada. She asked not to use her real name when talking to the Guardian . She recently completed flights from Toronto, Canada to Frankfurt, Germany and back. Accustomed to the frequent discomfort that occurred in her work, she ignored the symptoms above.
“I am not a person who thinks I am sick. I don’t think I was infected with coronavirus or anything else, ”she shared.
However, that night, she had a fever and her chest tightened as if “someone was pulling a string from the sides of her lungs”.
By the next morning, with a weak and cold body, Wilson’s calm gave way to panic.
The risk of cross-contamination on aircraft
For several days, she was isolated in the basement. But her family also started to show symptoms. This made Wilson realize that she may have been infected with Covid-19.
Wilson’s experience shows that what many in her career consider dangerous. The virus easily spreads between passengers and crew members in the same enclosed space for hours on long-haul flights.
When the government closed the border and advised its citizens to return home, Wilson worried that infected crew members – some of whom would remain asymptomatic – could become “super contagious” people infected ”and spread the virus to more people.
When Wilson first realized something was wrong, she refused to go to the hospital because she was worried that she was adding an unnecessary burden to Canada’s health care system. The country’s health system was already under the pressure of the first wave of Covid-19 patients.
However, she changed her mind after talking to her lung doctor. She was tested for the Covid-19 virus at a hospital in Toronto. The doctors told her to go home and quarantine herself while waiting for the results.
“I had sleepless nights. This does not help me in overcoming any illness. I think of my family, but I can only see them through FaceTime, ”Ms. Wilson said. Her only interaction with her family is through meals placed at the top of the basement stairs.
After six days, test results showed that Wilson was infected with the virus. But later, Wilson learned that she was not the only one on the flight infected.
Seven other Air Canada employees – two deadhead pilots and five flight attendants – tested positive for Covid-19 after their return from Germany.
The crew flew on a Boeing 777-300, the company’s largest aircraft. Depending on configuration, this aircraft can carry up to 450 passengers.
Two positive pilots were in business class. They fly to another airport for missions. And Wilson works at the end of the plane.
“This led me to believe that a lot of people were infected with Covid-19 on that flight,” she said.
“We become part of the infection chain”
ilson’s family also began to experience symptoms such as fever, shortness of breath, and body aches.
While fighting fevers and body aches, Ms. Wilson was also filled with guilt. She believes that if she acted earlier and realized the symptoms were Covid-19, she could avoid spreading the infection to her two daughters and her husband.
Although the symptoms of Ms. Wilson’s family are very mild compared to the thousands of hospitalized and intubated patients who have been infected with Covid-19, the virus has also caused great mental damage.
“I try to read as little as possible about Covid-19 because we are all living with it. The uncertainty only affects your mental health, ”she told Guardian. “For many days, I could not sleep. This is very difficult ”.
As more flight attendants and their families tested positive for Covid-19, Air Canada significantly increased precautions on flights.
In-flight services have been limited to minimize interaction with passengers. The crew is also provided with an N95 mask and surgical gloves.
The company also screens passengers and will refuse to board passengers if there are any symptoms.
The union representing the flight attendant said the move was not enough. They think that face shields and protective gear are also needed. At least 14 flight attendants in Canada were positive for the virus and hundreds more were isolated after exposure was suspected.
Wilson, who is temporarily dismissed from work with 16,000 other Air Canada employees, is skeptical of policies to prevent Covid-19 from spreading.
“If I have symptoms, I can get on the plane undetected. If you do not need to go to intensive care or use a ventilator, you can completely go to the sewing machine without showing any symptoms, ”Ms. Wilson said. “Headaches or fever, all of which disappear with drugs like Tylenol and ibuprofen.”
Wilson also did not believe she could avoid being infected with the virus. She wore gloves, washed her hands and minimized contact with passengers but remained infected.
New studies for viruses can spread very easily, so such precautions may not be enough.
“We got the virus from passengers. That is a fact, ”she said. “But now, we are part of the infection chain. We are “super contagious” people while people are flying home madly. “
A positive side of having a positive result for the whole family is that Wilson was able to leave the basement to isolate with her husband and daughter. They are also slowly recovering, but anxiety will still have a lasting impact.
“Every time we feel better, I read a story about a dying person and I get nervous. I was just scared, ”she said.
“I am also worried about how this disease may affect my relatives. It may affect my sister or my brother or my mother. This is heartbreaking, ”Ms. Wilson shared.
- 100 Questions About Coronavirus Disease You Need to Know
Everything you need to know about the current pandemic and virus design.
1. Let’s start with the basics. What is a virus?
This is a small piece of the genetic code of RNA or DNA, protected by an external protein coat.
2. How common are viruses?
They are everywhere. If you add together all the viruses that exist in the world, their mass will exceed the mass of living matter – plants, animals and bacteria combined. 10% of the human genome is the DNA of viruses. Earth is actually a planet of viruses!
3. Why is it so difficult to stop the spread of the virus?
Viral particles are incredibly small. After someone has coughed, billions of these particles can float in the air.
4. How small are the viruses?
They are tiny. You will not see them even with a standard microscope. One hundred million new-type coronavirus virus particles will fit on a pinhead. That’s how small they are.
5. What do viral particles do?
They try to invade the inside of a living cell in order to multiply, infect other cells and other hosts.
6. Why do they need it?
This is their way of reproduction. Viruses act like parasites. They capture living cells to make everyone produce new viruses. Once inside, the virus sends hundreds or thousands of copies. As a result, the captured cell often dies.
7. What does it mean to become infected with a new type of coronavirus (SARS ‑ CoV2)?
This means that SARS ‑ CoV2 has begun to multiply in your body.
8. What is the difference between SARS ‑ CoV2 and COVID ‑ 19?
SARS ‑ CoV2 is the virus, and COVID ‑ 19 is the disease that this virus causes.
9. Is it easy for a virus to get inside a living cell?
First of all, it depends on whether the cell has a suitable receptor for a particular virus. Imagine a keyhole and a key. Not every key will fit an existing well. Most viruses are blocked by our immune system or cannot get inside, since we do not have receptors suitable for them. Therefore, 99% of them are not dangerous to humans.
10. And how many types of viruses and how many are dangerous for us?
Of the millions of species, only a few hundred are dangerous to humans. New viruses appear constantly. Most of them are harmless.
11. How many viral particles do you need on average to get infected?
We do not know this yet regarding SARS ‑ CoV2. But usually quite a bit.
12. What does a SARS ‑ CoV2 particle look like?
Like a small string of spaghetti wrapped in a ball and wrapped in a shell of protein. On the shell there are spiky processes protruding in different directions and giving it a resemblance to the solar corona. All viruses of this family look similar.
13. How many coronaviruses affect humans?
In total there are seven coronaviruses that are transmitted from person to person. Four cause a mild cold, but the other three can be fatal. These are viruses invoking SARS, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), and the new type of coronavirus (SARS ‑ CoV2).
14. Why is it called a “new type of coronavirus”?
The name means that the virus is new to humans, and this is exactly what we have not seen before. Our immune system has evolved over two million years. But since this virus has never come across to our body, it was not possible to form an immunity to it. Our lack of immunity, the ability of the virus to spread rapidly and its relatively high mortality rate – this is why the appearance of SARS ‑ CoV2 is so worrying for everyone.
15. How often are new viruses worth worrying about?
Rarely. Examples include viruses that cause diseases such as HIV, SARS, Middle East respiratory syndrome. The emergence of a new virus is a very big problem if it can spread easily among people and if it is dangerous.
16. How fast is the new virus spreading?
SARS ‑ CoV2 spreads quite easily from person to person through coughing and touching. It is a virus transmitted by airborne droplets.
17. Are there any other methods of distribution?
According to some reports you can also get infected through feces and urine, but this has not yet been proven.
18. How is a new virus different from previous ones?
It has four important differences:
- Many infected people do not show symptoms for several days. This leads to two problems: people involuntarily infect others and we don’t know who to quarantine. This is especially troubling because SARS ‑ CoV2 is highly contagious.
- In 80% of cases, COVID ‑ 19 is mild, similar to the common cold. Because of this, people are not isolated and infect others.
- According to the symptoms, the disease can be confused with the flu , so many believe that they have it.
- Most importantly, the virus is very easily transmitted from person to person, because in the early stages it is concentrated in the upper part of the throat. When an infected person sneezes or coughs, billions of viral particles can enter the air and other organisms.
19. Doesn’t it cause pneumonia? What does the throat have to do with it?
The disease often begins in the throat (therefore, a smear is taken from there) and then goes down to the lungs and becomes a respiratory infection of the lower respiratory tract.
20. I often hear the word “asymptomatic.” What does it mean?
That a person has no symptoms of the disease, it does not manifest itself.
21. That is, someone can become infected with this virus and have no symptoms at all?
Unfortunately yes. Many people who become infected have no symptoms during the first few days, and then there are signs of a cold or a slight fever. This is the opposite of SARS, during which a person has obvious symptoms for several days, but you can infect someone only while you are sick.
22. If you have no symptoms, can you infect others?
Unfortunately, yes. Because of this, it is much more difficult to slow down the spread of the virus.
23. What is the likelihood that scientists will create a vaccine that will prevent coronavirus infection?
High enough, but no guarantees. Failure is also possible. For example, scientists have been looking for a vaccine against HIV for 35 years, but it never appeared. I am optimistic and believe that we will receive a vaccine from SARS ‑ CoV2, but it will have to be tested repeatedly for effectiveness and safety, and this takes a lot of people and time.
24. Suppose a vaccine is coming soon. How much time will pass before we can vaccinate millions of people?
Candidate vaccines will appear within a month or two. But because of the need for rigorous testing for efficacy and safety, at least a year will pass before the large regulatory body approves the vaccine and we can administer it to people. And the production of millions of doses will take from one and a half to two years. And this is an optimistic forecast.
25. Why so long?
So much time is taken not by creating a vaccine, but by testing it. As soon as a candidate vaccine appears in the laboratory, it needs a series of clinical trials. First on animals, and then on gradually increasing groups of people.
26. Already have progress?
Just a few weeks after the detection and isolation of the SARS ‑ CoV2 strain, which occurred in early January 2020, vaccine development began. Many governments and companies have allocated funds for this, and scientists from around the world are working on it hastily.
27. Scientists from different countries collaborate or compete?
Both that and another that is not bad. But overall, international cooperation is well supported. This is encouraging.
28. And you can not develop a vaccine faster?
Unfortunately, there is no way to cut the path. The human immune system is complex and unpredictable. Virus mutations may occur. Children are different from adults. Men and women may have a different reaction. We must be sure that the vaccine is 100% safe for everyone who receives it. To do this, the tool is tested in different doses on a wide range of healthy volunteers under carefully controlled conditions.
29. How deadly is the new virus?
Most scientists believe that it kills from 1-2% of the infected. WHO now calls a different figure (more than 3%), but this indicator is likely to decline when it becomes clear how to take into account many undetected and non-serious cases. Mortality is clearly higher among older people and people with chronic diseases.
30. Should I focus on the average mortality rate?
Not really. To understand the risks, it is more important to know that for certain groups of people the virus can be fatal, and for others it is less dangerous, but it can lead to completely different consequences.
31. Then, what numbers to focus on?
In 80% of cases it is an easily occurring disease, but in 20% it becomes more serious. In a bad situation, patients have a high temperature and shortness of breath. As a result, some require hospitalization, and some require a stay in the intensive care unit if their lungs are severely infected.
32. Which groups of people are most at risk?
First, older people like me: I’m 71. The older you are, the higher your risk. It is also elevated for people with chronic diseases such as diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diseases of the cardiovascular system and immunodeficiency.
33. How much higher is their risk of dying?
Their mortality rate rises to 10 or even 15%. And the risk increases when a person has several diseases.
34. Why is the risk so great if there are other diseases?
Because in this case, the immune system is weakened and reacts worse to any virus, and especially to this one.
35. It seems that the virus has little or no effect on children and young people. This is true?
So far it looks like it, but, like with many other COVID ‑ 19 factors, confirmation is needed.
36. If so, why does the virus affect older people more?
We do not know. It will take some time to understand this.
37. Does he still have unusual features?
You can infect others, even if you yourself do not have symptoms and feel good. This is unusual, although it happens with HIV.
38. COVID ‑ 19 is often compared to seasonal flu. Is such a comparison correct? For example, are they equally dangerous?
In the United States, up to 30 million people a year usually become infected with seasonal flu, and less than 0.1% of them die. But this is still a large number of people. In the world, an average of 300,000 people die from influenza per year. A new type of coronavirus is 10–20 times more dangerous, and we cannot protect ourselves from it now with the help of a vaccine.
39. Does a new virus spread as easily as flu?
Yes, it seems.
40. And they have the same reasons? Is the flu also caused by a virus?
Yes. It is caused by the flu virus. But the flu virus and coronavirus are very different. A flu shot will not help against coronavirus, but it will significantly reduce the risk of getting the flu. A common cold, from which there is no medicine or vaccine, is often caused by another type of virus – rhinovirus, and occasionally another coronavirus.
41. How does the disease progress when the coronavirus settles in the body?
Usually it all starts with a cough. Then the temperature rises. Then it rises very much, breathing problems appear.
42. At what point does medical care become a decisive factor for survival?
Usually when there is a very high temperature, and the lungs are so affected by the virus that you have difficulty breathing or need a ventilator.
43. How is the new virus different from diseases such as measles, mumps and chickenpox?
SARS ‑ CoV2 is currently much less contagious and dangerous, but we still don’t know much about it. And the listed diseases are well studied.
44. If coronavirus is not as dangerous as other viruses, why is it so afraid?
Because a new threat that can kill or make us seriously ill, we are very nervous. But the antidote to fear is reliable information. Therefore, I strongly recommend that residents of the United States watch it on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. And in other countries, I advise you to focus on the site of the local ministry of health or WHO.
45. How often is it worth visiting such sites?
Scientists constantly learn something new about the virus and update information, so it’s better to check resources often.
46. Has humanity ever completely destroyed a virus?
Yes. Smallpox, which used to kill millions of people. And we are very close to eradicating polio thanks to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the governments of many countries. We must not forget how this disease terrorized everyone.
47. How is a new virus spreading around the world?
On roads, air and sea. Today viruses travel by plane. Some passengers may have SARS ‑ CoV2.
48. So, each international airport is a breeding ground for a new virus?
SARS ‑ CoV2 is already present in most countries and not only at major international airports.
49. The epidemic began in China, so those who come from this country are the most dangerous in terms of the spread of the virus in the United States?
The virus appeared in 2019, since then 20 million people have arrived in the United States from around the world. Most direct flights from China were suspended four weeks ago, but this did not stop the virus from entering the country. In China, cases of COVID-19 are now more often imported by people arriving from other countries, and the epidemic in China itself is likely to be on the decline (Peter Piot answered questions on March 12, 2020. – Ed.).
50. In other words, is having a large airport a guarantee that the virus will spread throughout the country in less than three months?
Yes. But this is not a reason to completely cease communication with the world.
51. Why did Japan close schools?
This is done in other countries. Because scientists do not know how much children who can be carriers of the virus accelerate its spread. Japan is trying hard to slow this process down. Children usually transmit viruses quickly because they do not wash their hands and generally do not particularly monitor personal hygiene. They make a great contribution to the spread of influenza, so in many countries schools are closed during epidemics.
52. Are there any medications for coronavirus that can be taken to alleviate symptoms or recover?
There are no drugs found to be effective. Clinical trials of many drugs are being conducted, so I hope that the situation will change soon.
53. What is the likelihood that drugs will be created, and how soon can this happen?
In the coming months, we are likely to find that some of the existing drugs help to recover. That is, we can use drugs that are now used against other viruses, such as HIV. But it will take time and a lot of tests.
54. And what about antibiotics? They are usually addressed in difficult cases.
It is a virus, not a bacterium. Antibiotics act against bacteria, but not against viruses. They can help with secondary bacterial infections, but they themselves do not affect the new virus.
55. What about all the tools that are talked about on the Internet?
Most of what they write about is complete nonsense. More and more fake drugs will appear. Only if the tool was written in many proven sources, you can be sure that it is scientifically confirmed. So be careful not to spread rumors.
56. And the masks? Are they useful?
Very limited and only in certain conditions. For example, depending on the type of surgical mask, less than 50% of viral particles are filtered out. But a mask can reduce the spread of the virus if you yourself are ill.
57. What are their advantages and who should wear them?
A mask close to the face, if worn correctly , will slow the spread of viral particles during coughing. It will not protect you from other people. This is a means of protecting other people from you. To be masked if you have symptoms of a cold means to show respect for others. This item has an additional plus: in the mask you are less likely to touch your mouth, which means you are less likely to bring the virus into the body if it gets into your hands. This remedy is also a must-have for medical professionals.
58. Can something be done so as not to become infected?
Often wash hands, try not to touch the face, sneeze and cough, closing with an elbow or a paper handkerchief, do not shake hands and do not hug. All this reduces the risk. If you become ill, stay home and consult your doctor over the phone about the following steps.
59. Scientists often talk about mitigation. What does it mean?
It is about slowing down the spread of the virus and trying to limit its impact on the health care system, public life and the economy. As long as there is no vaccine, all we can do is slow down the spread. It is very important.
60. How else can you slow down the spread of the virus?
Observe sanitary standards and elementary politeness in relation to each other. Plus, use measures of social distance: work from home, refuse to travel, close schools and cancel mass events.
61. Do some viruses spread more easily than others?
Yes. Worst of all measles. It can be infected if you enter the room in which an infected person visited two hours ago! Therefore, when people stop vaccinating, measles outbreaks occur. This is a very serious illness. The common cold also spreads quite easily. But HIV is much more difficult to get infected, however, 32 million people died from it.
62. What will be needed to stop the coronavirus?
No one knows for sure, but China has proven that it is possible to significantly reduce distribution. To destroy SARS ‑ CoV2 completely, you need a vaccine.
63. How long does it take for a virus to spread across a country the size of the USA?
With ordinary sanitary measures, it seems that the number of infected people doubles approximately every week. So, in about 14 weeks, 50 infected people will turn into a million. Naturally, we can take measures to slow down the process.
64. How effective is hygiene? If people follow the instructions, the number of infected becomes noticeably reduced?
It changes depending on how careful people are. Even small changes are important because they can relieve the health system of unnecessary stress.
65. Could it be that there are thousands of unfixed cases of coronavirus among the population?
Millions of flu cases are reported every year. This year some of them are actually COVID ‑ 19. In addition, many infected people have no symptoms or are very mild, so the answer is yes.
66. What exactly does a positive analysis result mean?
That the virus is present in the biological fluids of the person who passed this test.
67. Does everyone need to be tested as quickly as possible?
Tests for COVID ‑ 19 should be made more accessible, because we still do not know enough about who is infected and how the virus spreads in society. They would help to get important data.
68. Why did the “without leaving the car” testing system appear in South Korea?
Because they are trying very hard to slow the growth of the outbreak, as soon as possible after finding all infected.
69. What is the main symptom, after which you should be wary?
70. And the temperature can be determined?
High temperature is an alarming sign, and if it is available, you should seek medical help. But one measurement of temperature at airports and at border points will not help, while many people who are infected are not detected.
71. How many percent of people with a positive test came to Chinese hospitals without fever?
72. Can the virus return to the country after the outbreak there has subsided?
SARS ‑ CoV2 will probably never leave without our efforts, just like smallpox and polio.
73. That is, the only way to cope with it in the long term is global vaccination?
We really don’t know. Global measures may work, but the vaccine is likely to be effective only until the virus mutates too much.
74. Or maybe it’s such that a new virus “burns out”, like some others?
We do not know, but in general this is unlikely. SARS ‑ CoV2 is already established worldwide. Now this is not only China’s problem. Most likely, there are hundreds of thousands of infected, but not yet tested. Like the flu virus, SARS ‑ CoV2 can stay with us for a very very very long time.
75. Will it return ? If yes, then when?
Again we do not know. But this is a very important issue. Most likely, it will be so, but it is too early to talk about this with confidence. The Spanish flu epidemic of 1918–1920 had three outbreaks. Perhaps in China, after the opening of schools and factories, a second wave of coronavirus will take place. But, until we see it with our own eyes, we cannot be sure how SARSCoV2 will behave.
76. Suppose we are lucky in the coming months. What can be considered luck in the current situation?
Warm weather can slow the spread of the virus, although so far we have no evidence that this will be so. Singapore is only a hundred and a few kilometers from the equator, but there the warm climate did not stop the virus. It is likely that SARS ‑ CoV2 mutates into a less dangerous form and fewer people die from it. So it was with swine flu in 2009. But I would not rely on it. Luck would be to quickly find effective drug therapy. Actually, that’s all.
77. Do high-risk people have the same probability of mortality everywhere?
Unfortunately not. Where there are modern, well-equipped hospitals, the mortality rate will be significantly lower due to respirators and fewer secondary infections.
78. How do I find out in which group of patients I will be: with mild symptoms or among those who require hospitalization?
It is impossible to know exactly, but age over 70 and chronic diseases increase the risk of severe illness and death.
79. Should I worry that I will get sick?
If you are not in a high-risk group, I would not worry too much, but I would do my best to avoid infection, because the individual reaction of the body is impossible to predict. Over the next few years, we will all be at risk of contracting the virus, as well as the risk of colds and flu. Therefore, everyone should be ready for self-isolation if necessary.
80. How is this “everyone will be at risk”?
We all communicate with other people, but you can’t argue with biology. I would try to take reasonable precautions, but at the same time I did not focus on anxiety. It definitely won’t help.
81. If in the end everyone gets infected with a coronavirus, why try to avoid it? Now I’ll get sick and will continue to live in peace.
It is necessary to slow down the spread of infection, that is, to reduce the number of new cases and the total number of cases so that doctors can save the most difficult patients. Otherwise, medical facilities will be crowded and will not be able to help people with other serious illnesses.
82. Is it true that after recovery you can become infected again?
We do not know, but it seems that this is possible. There is no complete certainty yet. Need more research.
83. But does permanent immunity, like with measles and mumps, happen?
We do not have an answer to this question yet.
84. Such immunity is very important for recoveries. And for the whole society too? Why?
This is important for developing a vaccine because it relies on the body’s ability to give an immune response and on the stability of the virus. And, of course, in the presence of immunity, the number of those who can become infected will gradually decrease.
85. Will coronavirus become seasonal, like flu?
Little time has passed so far to determine whether SARS ‑ CoV2 will have seasonal mutations and how billions of viral particles will change after passing through millions of carriers.
86. So this virus can mutate on its own and take on new forms with new symptoms?
This is completely unknown. If so, new vaccines will be needed to prevent the mutated versions of SARS ‑ CoV2 from acting.
87. Since a virus naturally mutates, does that mean it can become more deadly? And less?
Yes, both are possible. This is a new virus, so we have no idea how mutations will affect it.
88. If coronavirus becomes an ongoing threat, what does this mean for me and my family?
This means that we will all learn to live in new conditions and we will observe security measures. Now we should be especially attentive to the needs of older family members .
89. They say the virus can live on the kitchen table for nine days. It’s true?
SARS ‑ CoV2 is likely to remain viable on some surfaces for quite some time, but we still don’t know how much.
90. The greatest epidemic of recent times has been the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918–1920. Then it was not a new virus, but a mutated influenza virus. Can you compare SARS ‑ CoV2 with it?
SARS ‑ CoV2 is just as contagious and seems just as deadly, but time will tell. Keep in mind that in 1918 health care was far from what it is now in developed countries, and there were no antibiotics to treat bacterial pneumonia, which became the main cause of death.
91. Is there a chance that all this is a false alarm and in the summer we will be surprised at our panic?
No. Coronavirus has already spread to more than a hundred countries, and it is very easily transmitted. Every day more and more sick people appear. This is not a training alert. It’s real.
92. It is hard to believe that a new virus can suddenly infect millions of people. When was the last time?
With SARS and MERS, but they are not comparable in scale. HIV was a new virus that infected 70 million people, 32 million of whom died.
93. HIV affects poorer countries more. Will it be the same with coronavirus?
Yes exactly. In rich countries, the mortality rate will be much lower, because they are better off with drinking water, respiratory equipment, anti-infection measures, and the like. This could potentially be a huge problem where the health system is poorly developed, such as in Africa. When the virus reaches the most resource-limited countries in the world, the consequences can be disastrous.
94. So you are not very optimistic?
In general, I am optimistic, but at the same time a lot of things cause discomfort and anxiety . I understand that people are afraid, especially if they are at high risk. But there is good news. We are already seeing progress in international cooperation, especially in the field of science and medicine. We see more transparency in government activities and the rapid development of therapeutic agents.
95. And what are your main concerns?
The spread of coronavirus can quickly overload the healthcare system of any country and deprive people of access to medical care. I also fear that an overly acute reaction and fear can harm the economies of countries, and this is additional suffering for people.
96. What should we psychologically prepare for?
Moreover, in each city that launched the test, many “new” cases will be detected, as well as an increase in the number of deaths, especially among the elderly. In fact, these are not new cases of infection, they already exist, just so far they are not known.
97. And what is your hope?
- Modern biology is developing at an unprecedented rate.
- Not only the global medical community, but also government leaders are focusing on the threat.
- We isolated the virus in a few days and quickly sequenced it (determined the amino acid or nucleotide sequences. – Approx. Ed.).
- I am sure that a cure will appear soon.
- I hope there will be a vaccine.
- We live in an information age. This will help everyone – provided that we expose the fake and dangerous news.
98. How prepared are the US for a pandemic?
The US and other high-income countries had plenty of time to prepare. We all learned a lesson from unprecedented mass quarantines in China that slowed the spread of infection.
99. Who are you most worried about?
About countries with limited resources. Every death is a tragedy. When we say that on average 1–2% of those infected will die from coronavirus, this is a very large figure. 1% of a million is 10 thousand people. And I’m worried about the elderly.
But 98–99% of people will not die. Seasonal flu kills tens of thousands of Americans every year, but people don’t panic. Although the flu should be taken much more seriously and vaccinated against it. We learned how to live with seasonal flu and I think we’ll have to learn how to live a normal life in the presence of COVID ‑ 19 until an effective vaccine is available.
100. In the future, new pandemics await us?
Undoubtedly. This is part of the destiny of mankind and an integral element of living on the “planet of viruses.” This is an ongoing battle. We need to increase our combat readiness. That is, seriously invest in preparing for pandemics and create a global fire brigade long before our house is again in fire.
- Global Coronavirus infections exceed 1 million, and deaths exceed 50,000
More than 1 million people worldwide are infected with the coronavirus, according to data from Johns Hopkins University researchers. Covid-19 has appeared in 204 countries and territories.
The United States is currently the country with the largest number of cases, with at least 234,462 cases, while Italy and Spain also surpassed 100,000. Next, Germany recorded at least 84,246 cases and went to China, where the outbreak was reported by researchers at least 82,432.
Specifically, the researchers say that at least 1,002,159 people worldwide have been confirmed to be infected with coronavirus.
This milestone was confirmed shortly after official Johns Hopkins University figures showed that the number of Covid-19 deaths worldwide had exceeded 50,000.
According to researchers at the US state of Maryland, 50,230 people have died from Covid-19 since the first case was discovered in Wuhan, China in late December 2019.
Italy recorded the most deaths so far with 13,915 cases, followed by Spain with 10,003 deaths. The United States is the third most heavily affected country with 5,316 cases.
Although more than half of the world’s people live under restrictive orders to prevent the spread of the disease, the coronavirus continues to claim thousands of lives. Spain and the UK are the two countries with the highest daily deaths.
This pandemic also continues to wreak havoc on the global economy. The US recorded 6.65 million workers who applied for unemployment benefits last week, a record number, and Spain also reported the largest monthly increase in the number of people claiming unemployment. .
The epidemic also caused disruption in the election of the United States. Democrats have announced they will postpone the meeting to choose a rival to President Donald Trump in the November election until Aug. 17.
- The number of Coronavirus deaths in the UK has never been so high
UK experienced the day with the highest number of deaths in the coronavirus pandemic with 569 deaths recorded in 24 hours.
According to the latest announcement from the British health agency on April 2, a total of 2,921 people died in the hospital after testing positive for Covid-19 in the UK as of April 1
The day before, the UK had recorded 563 deaths within 24 hours.
As of 9 am April 2, 163,194 people were tested for virus in the UK, of which 33,718 were found positive, an increase of 4,244.
The British government has been criticized for not testing more health workers. Thousands of doctors, nurses and other frontline health workers are at home quarantined while they can work if tested.
According to the Guardian , these figures also show that the UK will only be like a few weeks away from Italy, the country most heavily damaged in Europe. Italy has recorded more than 13,000 deaths from coronavirus. Spain, meanwhile, surpassed the 10,000-person mark on April 2 and more than 4,000 died in France.
British Prime Minister Johnson, who is still quarantining himself after being infected with Covid-19, acknowledged that mass testing could be the only way to “address the pandemic” in a video message on Wednesday evening.
Italy reports 760 deaths from the coronavirus
Italy on April 2 recorded an additional 760 deaths from coronavirus infection, bringing the total number of deaths due to Covid-19 of the country to 13,915 cases, according to the Guardian . The growth rate of new cases was recorded slower than yesterday.
On April 2, more than 2,477 new cases were recorded, an increase of about 3%. This is much lower than the 15% daily increase in the early stages of the epidemic here.
The rate of spread has also slowed in Italy’s Lombardy region, the region hardest hit by Covid-19. The region recorded 1,292 new infections on April 2, less than 1,565 reported on April 1.
The Italian government on April 1 continued extending the measure until April 13.
“When these numbers stabilize, we will start programming to gradually relax the restrictive measures,” Giuseppe Conte, the Italian prime minister, told the people. “I can’t tell you when that will happen.”
The president of Iran‘s parliament was positive for coronavirus
Iranian parliament speaker Ali Larijani tested positive for Covid-19, the national broadcaster reported on March 2.
Mr. Larijani was tested for coronavirus after showing some symptoms and the result was positive. He is currently isolated and treated, according to Iranian state television.
The 62 year old politician became one of the top Iranian officials infected.
Iran is trying to control the spread of the coronavirus since the first case was reported in the country on February 19.
On April 2, the country announced 124 deaths due to the coronavirus, increasing the total number of deaths in the country to 3,160 with more than 50,000 infections.
The announcement came amid President Hassan Rouhani warned in a cabinet meeting that the country could have to fight the pandemic for another year.
“The coronavirus is not something we can point to a certain day and say we will completely eradicate the disease,” President Rouhani said.
The Iranian leader added that the virus could chase the country in the coming months, or could follow the end of the current year according to Iran’s Persian calendar, in March 2021.
Coronavirus has attacked many lawmakers and other officials in Iran. Before the latest case recorded by Mr. Larijani, Vice President Masoumeh Ebtekar, Chairman of the Iranian National Assembly’s Foreign Affairs and Security Affairs Committee Mojtaba Zolnour, Senator Mahmoud Sadeghi and Deputy Minister of Health Iraj Harirchi also tested positive for virus.
Rabbi Hadi Khosroshahi of Qom City, a former Iranian ambassador to the Vatican after the Islamic Revolution in 1979, died after becoming infected with Covid-19.
At least 23 of the 290 members of the Iranian legislature have tested positive for coronavirus so far, according to the news agency IRNA.
Covid-19 also killed at least 12 Iranian government officials, including those who were working and were on leave.
- 10 Technology Innovations were Born to Help Repel Coronavirus
Over time, the science and technology community witnessed many inventions that contributed to the task of repelling coronavirus.
Shenzhen-based Chinese tech company KC Wearable has released a smart hat that can detect people with a fever 5 meters away, emitting an alarm when anyone with a high body temperature approaches it. . The hat also includes accessories such as a headset, infrared temperature probe, VR viewfinder, QR camera, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and 5G that can transmit data to the nearest hospital.
Prusa of the Czech Republic is the largest 3D printing facility in the world with more than 500 printers producing a series of face shields. With a capacity of 800 pieces per day, the company donates a large amount of it to the country’s anti-epidemic campaign. Another company, Stratasys, also created masks, shields, or even ventilators using 3D printing technology.
China uses drones to detect disease manifestations in crowds, disinfect public places and bring supplies to remote locations. In addition, they are also used to transport test samples, greatly reducing time and effort. Other places like England and France are also taking advantage of this flying device to monitor and propagate people to implement social isolation.
A hospital in Seoul, South Korea creates a field test room that allows staff to undergo medical checks more safely and quickly. These chambers use negative air pressure to prevent harmful bacteria from escaping. Each patient involved in the test was consulted through an internal communication system, while samples from throat and nose fluids were collected through long rubber gloves fitted to the control panel. The whole process takes about 7 minutes, after which it will be ventilated and disinfected. Doctors here said the test chamber can meet the capacity of 70-80 patients a day.
Materialize 3D printing company, Belgium designed accessories that help you do not need to use your hands but still open the door. The device has two fairly simple detachable parts on the side of the handle, allowing you to use your elbows or arms to rotate. The company’s CEO, Mr. Fried Vancraen, said that the special door handle drawing is now free to download on the Internet, in order to disseminate this gadget design to the community.
Chinese company Winsun used 3D printing technology to build 15 isolation rooms in a day. The design of the building is isolated from modern equipment printed through extrusion process, with a robotic arm mounted on the tracks, forcing the layers of concrete to settle to build the wall. The company says the construction process uses recycled materials from the works, pledging the structure to be twice as durable as conventional concrete buildings.
Isinnova Company, Italy launched a 3D printed valve that turns the diving mask into a non-invasive ventilator for patients with Covid-19 infection. In the growing shortage of medical equipment in Italy, Isinnova is actively manufacturing its invention to supply medical centers.
Biochemists in Manchester, England developed a high-tech towel, with a fabric covering similar to the carbohydrate structure on the surface of the esophagus-covered cell. The main technique of the scarf lies in the glycoprotein layer, which is attached to the carbon cloth, then cheaper materials such as cotton. Through many experiments, the inventors said that this scarf can prevent up to 96% of viruses in the air.
A company in Denmark has developed a sterilization robot that doesn’t need any chemicals. With 8 bulbs emitting ultraviolet UV-C light, robots can kill harmful viruses and bacteria by damaging their DNA structure, making them unable to duplicate themselves. The technology is much more practical than having to leave the room empty for hours to use chemicals like hydrogen peroxide.
- The number of deaths in the US because of the pandemic exceeded 5,000
The number of deaths in the US from the coronavirus pandemic exceeded 5,000 on the morning of April 2, according to updated data from John Hopkins University.
The US overcame this gloomy milestone after setting a new record for deaths within 24 hours, with 884 deaths, according to AFP .
As of early afternoon 2/4, the number of deaths in the US has reached 5,137, according to John Hopkins University.
Thus, the number of victims in the United States ranked third in the world after Italy and Spain, but higher than China’s 3,316.
In total, the United States has 216,721 cases. The number of recovery cases is 8,662.
President Trump announced on April 1 that the US will “have a few weeks, starting now, especially a few days later, which will be terrible”.
On March 29, US anti-epidemic expert Anthony Fauci said the number of people dying from the Covid-19 pandemic in the US could reach 100,000 based on an estimated model.
“But even in the most challenging times, Americans are not hopeless. We do not surrender to our fears, ”President Trump said.
Among the latest deaths from the US Covid-19 was a six week old baby, who was admitted to a hospital in Connecticut last weekend. The corona virus has by far been the most harmful to the elderly or has underlying disease, but recent cases show that the virus can affect people of all ages.
Recent victims include 13 year old children in France, 12 years in Belgium, and 13 years in the UK.
The New York Times reported that the federal government has almost drained its stock of emergency medical supplies, including masks, safety vests, and gloves, to deliver to the states, according to a government official. Even without personal protective equipment, the federal stockpile still has 9,400 ventilators ready to ship to the states.
On April 2, the total number of worldwide infections is about to reach 1 million. That number is currently more than 938,000, according to John Hopkins University as of early afternoon, but is growing very fast. The total number of victims worldwide is over 47,000 after soaring days.
“In the past five weeks, we have seen an exponential increase in the number of new cases, which have occurred in almost every country,” said World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. “The number of deaths more than doubled in the past week.”
- The United States has a record number of deaths from Coronavirus
CNN’s summary shows that the United States recorded at least 869 coronavirus deaths on April 1, higher than any day since the outbreak.
According to CNN, so far a total of 4,703 deaths have been recorded in the US because of the coronavirus. The number of people infected exceeds 200,000.
The place most heavily affected by the epidemic is New York. The state has 83,712 virus infections and 1,941 deaths. Among them, New York City recorded 45,707 cases of infection, 1,371 deaths.
President Donald Trump said on the same day that he would not issue an order to require people to stay at home nationwide, because the situation in each state is different.
“The states are different and I understand that the Governor of Florida, the great Ron DeSantis issued such an order today, which is great. But there are some states that are different. Some states have no problems. so, “said the president on the afternoon of 1/4.
When asked if the National Strategic Reserve was nearing depletion, the president said: “Yes, we are sending supplies directly to hospitals.”
“We don’t want to move it to the stockpile and then have to take it back later to the states and hospitals,” the president said. “We have asked the states, where there are large factories or other equipment, to use local factories, direct delivery to hospitals.”
Earlier, a US official told CNN that the National Strategic Reserve was moving the last batch of goods and the protective equipment in the warehouse was exhausted. The official added that the stockpile could not be the only source of anti-epidemic protective equipment, and the states would have to find more from the market.
The president also said that understanding the “seriousness” of the new strain made him no longer compare it to flu like it did during the days of the new outbreak.
“I also looked at the spread – it spread so strongly. Nobody ever saw anything like this, a large number of people suddenly became infected with the virus, just because of the presence of someone,” the president said.
- Nearly 900,000 people were infected with Covid-19, the number of deaths exceeded 44,000
The number of global Covid-19 infections has exceeded 880,000 with more than 44,000 deaths, of which the US and Europe are the two hotspots of the disease.
According to statistics from Johns Hopkins University, the number of Covid-19 infections on the evening of April 1 reached 883,225 cases, of which 44,156 died.
The United States is currently the country with the most people with Covid-19 positive in the world. The number of people infected with Covid-19 in the US is currently 190,089 and is expected to continue to increase sharply in the coming days. The number of deaths from Covid-19 in the US has reached 4,102 cases.
The state of New York is currently the largest outbreak in the US with 76,049 cases positive for Covid-19, mainly in the New York City area. The number of deaths from disease in New York state is 1,714.
Europe is the continent most heavily affected by the Covid-19 pandemic. Italy is the country with the highest number of Covid-19 cases in the old continent and the second largest in the world with more than 105,000 cases. Italy is also the country with the highest number of deaths in the world with 12,428 cases, accounting for more than 30% of global deaths.
Italy’s neighboring country of Spain is also a hot spot for the disease. The number of Covid-19 infections in Spain has reached over 101,000 cases, of which more than 9,000 have died.
Germany and France are the other two European countries with more than 50,000 cases of Covid-19 infections.
China, where the Covid-19 pandemic broke out, is believed to have successfully controlled the epidemic. However, the country on April 1 reported more than 1,300 cases of Covid-19 infection without symptoms. To date, China has had 82,361 people infected with Covid-19, of which 3,312 died.
- How to walk a dog during quarantine: 5 simple rules
Coronavirus is not scary for your pet, but you risk getting infected while walking.
In US, California and many other cities, a self-isolation regime has been introduced, which prohibits people from leaving their homes, with the exception of urgent reasons. One of them is dog walking – it is allowed. However, in order to do this as safely as possible, it is important to adhere to a number of rules.
1. Choose the right time and place
It is better to walk the dog early in the morning and late in the evening, when there are fewer people on the streets. So you reduce the risk of contact with strangers and other pets.
2. Keep a distance
In the elevator, on the stairwell and on the street, observe a social distance of two meters, excluding any contact of the pet with other people. Do not allow strangers, including children, to touch and pet your dog.
According to the chief physician of the American Veterinary Medical Association Gale Golaba, the causative agents of coronavirus practically do not stay on pet hair and other porous materials. However, laboratory studies have not yet confirmed this, which means that it is better not to neglect additional precautions.
3. Keep your dog off the leash.
While walking on the street, do not let the dog off the leash, even if you have a harmless pug or spitz. The leash will allow you to control the movement of the pet, which is especially true in the case of hyperactive animals.
4. Wash your feet thoroughly.
After a walk, it is important to rinse the pet’s paws thoroughly using an antibacterial soap. If the dog wears clothes, they should also be washed as often as possible. The same goes for the collar, harness and leash.
5. Wash your hands after a walk.
After walking the dog, as well as after each exit from the house, do not forget to wash your hands thoroughly, observing all WHO recommendations . If you are afraid to dry your skin , use liquid soap and moisturizers that contain mineral oil or petroleum jelly.
At the moment, the possibility of infection of pets with COVID-19 is not confirmed . This is indicated on the site. WHO, therefore, do not worry that going outside is dangerous for your dog.
- Social Distancing: What distance to protect you infected Coronavirus
Lydia Buruiba, Ph.D. from MIT, investigated how far the particles of fluid spread when we sneeze. After analyzing the results, she published a scientific article. According to which it turns out that protecting yourself from COVID-19 is more difficult than we used to think.
Tests have shown that the rate of fluid propagation at the peak of expiration can reach 30 meters per second. As a result, a cloud of small droplets is formed, spreading up to 7–8 meters. If a person is infected, these droplets may contain SARS-CoV-2 pathogens and infect a healthy person who is nearby.
At the same time, WHO is now recommending a distance of 1 meter, and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are talking about 6 feet, or about 2 meters. A new study showed that only 7-8 meters would be a safe distance.
Such a distance is difficult to keep in confined spaces, for example, in a store, at the post office or even just in the staircase (especially if you need to use the elevator). That is why you should listen to the recommendations of the authorities and stay at home. If possible, food should be bought immediately for a long time – or use delivery .
- The US ran out of emergency medical stockpiles
America’s emergency supplies of medical supplies have run out to meet the urgent needs of states across the country battling the Covid-19 pandemic.
The federal government nearly drained its stock of emergency medical supplies such as masks, safety vests, and gloves, when state governors asked for personal protective equipment for health workers in the hospital, a government official said, the New York Times reported.
The official said the federal emergency management agency has delivered more than 11 million N95 masks, 5.2 million face masks, 22 million gloves and 7,140 ventilators, depleting emergency supplies.
Although no personal protective equipment is left in the state stockpiles, the official said the federal government still has 9,400 ventilators ready to ship to the states. Depleted stockpiles have led the federal government to compete with states and private companies for additional medical equipment.
The governors of the states are continuing to try to find medical supplies for medical teams in hospitals filled with patients. “The only real hope for the states at this time is the ability of the federal government to provide,” Andrew Cuomo, Governor of New York State, said on April 1.
Governor Cuomo said it would discuss the powers of the National Defense Production Act, allowing the president to buy important equipment.
While President Donald Trump’s administration used the National Defense Production Act to prioritize the manufacture of ventilators, due to the complicated manufacturing process, Governor Cuomo said that this law should also be applied to the production of safety vests. , which is important for protecting health workers from infection.
- Things to do at home on a sudden long weekend
How to spend time with interest and benefit, if you are temporarily locked in four walls.
1. Read interesting books
To understand serious issues, to become better or to go headlong into the adventures of heroes – anything is possible with books. Discover new worlds and ideas!
2. Watch new movies
Surely you have a list of films that you have long wanted to watch. Choose your mood and enjoy. And if everything planned has already been watched, look for an interesting movie in our collections.
3. Review your favorite TV shows
It is possible that when revising you notice new details or take a different look at familiar heroes. In any case, it will cheer you up.
4. Do something useful at home
For example, arrange a general cleaning, disassemble the accumulated things, try to make decorations for the interior with your own hands. The house will become more comfortable, but it will be more pleasant for you to be in it.
5. Immerse yourself in a computer game
While travel and adventure are not available in the real world, why not survive it in a fictional? Challenge yourself as a racer, space explorer or evil spirits hunter.
6. Start a new hobby
Drawing, photography, blogging – there are many options. Learning new skills will brighten up time and charge with positive emotions.
7. Do what you have long wanted to do.
Maybe you were thinking of writing a book, learning how to play a musical instrument, or mastering the intricacies of cooking a dish? Or maybe you wanted to tighten up a foreign language or make a grand rearrangement at home? It’s time to do it.
Preview Photo credit by Depositphotos
- How Will the Coronavirus Pandemic Develop and End?
Three months ago, no one knew about the existence of SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2. Now the virus has spread to almost all countries, having infected more than 723 thousand people – and these are only those cases that are known.
Covid-19 brought down the economies of different countries and broke down the healthcare system, crowded hospitals and devastated public places. Separated people from relatives and forced to leave jobs. Covid violated the familiar life of modern society on a scale that almost no one living today has ever seen.
Soon, everyone will know someone who is sick with a coronavirus.
A global pandemic of this magnitude was inevitable. In recent decades, hundreds of health professionals have written books, reports, and articles warning of this possibility. In 2015, Bill Gates spoke about this at the TED conference. And so it happened. The question “What if?” turned into “So what next?”
1. The coming months
To some extent, the near future is already predetermined, because COVID ‑ 19 is a slow-moving disease. People who become infected a few days ago will only now begin to show symptoms. Some of them will go to intensive care units in early April. Now the number of cases is growing rapidly reasing at times.
The situation in Italy and Spain is a serious warning to us. There are not enough places, equipment and staff in hospitals, and the number of deaths from coronavirus per day is 700-800 man. To prevent this from happening in other countries and to prevent the worst case scenario (millions of deaths due to lack of medical equipment and human resources), four measures are needed – and quickly.
1. Establishment of the production of medical masks, gloves and other personal protective equipment. If medical workers are not healthy (and it is easiest for them to become infected), the remaining efforts will be undermined. The lack of masks is due to the fact that medical products are made to order, and their production depends on the most complicated international supply chains, which are currently being pulled.
It is imperative that industrial enterprises switch to the production of medical equipment, as during wars they switch to the production of military equipment.
2. Mass release of tests . The process is slow due to five separate factors:
- There are not enough masks to protect the people who take the analysis.
- There aren’t enough swabs to take a swab from the nasopharynx.
- There are not enough kits to isolate viral genetic material from samples taken.
- Not enough chemicals are included in these kits.
- Not enough trained staff.
This shortage is also largely due to supply stress. Something has already been managed, because private laboratories are connected. But even now, tests still have to be used to a limited extent. According to Harvard epidemiologist Marc Lipsitch, first of all, it is necessary to check the medical staff and hospitalized patients so that hospitals can “put out” the current fires. And only after that, when the immediate crisis wanes, can they be disseminated more widely.
All this will take time, during which the spread of the virus will either accelerate and exceed the capacity of health systems, or slow down to a controlled level. And the development of events depends on the third necessary measure.
3. Social distance. Look at the situation from this point of view. Now the entire population is divided into two groups: group A includes all those involved in medical measures to combat the epidemic (those who work with patients, conduct tests, produce masks and other materials), and group B includes all the rest.
The task of group B is to win more time for group A.
This can be done by physically isolating yourself from other people, that is, breaking the chains of transmission of infection. Given the slow progress of COVID ‑ 19 in order to prevent the collapse of the healthcare system, these seemingly radical steps must be taken immediately before they seem commensurate with what is happening. And they should last for several weeks.
However, convincing entire countries to voluntarily stay out of the house is not easy. In such a situation, when the general well-being rests on the victims of many people, the fourth urgent measure is very important.
4. Clear coordination. It is necessary to convey to people the importance of social distance (but not to intimidate them). However, instead, many business leaders are prepared to abandon isolation measures in an attempt to protect the economy. They emphasize that it is possible to protect representatives of high-risk groups (for example, the elderly), and the rest to be allowed to go to work.
This position is very attractive, but erroneous. People underestimate how much the virus can hit low-risk groups and how crowded the hospitals are, even if only the young are sick .
If people follow social distance measures, if enough tests and personal protective equipment are done, there is a chance to avoid the worst predictions about COVID ‑ 19 and at least temporarily take the epidemic under control. No one knows how long it will take, but the process will not be fast.
Even an ideal response will not end the epidemic. As long as the virus exists somewhere in the world, there is a chance that one infected traveler will bring sparks of the disease to countries that have put out the fire. Under such conditions, there are three possible scenarios of events: one extremely unlikely, the other extremely dangerous, and the third extremely long.
1. An unlikely scenario. All countries will simultaneously pacify the virus, as was the case with SARS (caused by SARS coronavirus) in 2003. But given how widespread the infection is now and how poorly many countries are coping, the chances of synchronous virus control are steadily diminishing.
2. Extremely dangerous scenario. The new virus does the same as the previous flu pandemics did – it travels around the world, leaving enough survivors who have immunity, so that it can no longer find organisms suitable for life. The group immunity scenario is faster and therefore more seductive. But he would have to pay a terrible price. The SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 strain has a higher transmittance than conventional flu.
Attempting to build group immunity is likely to lead to millions of deaths and the destruction of health systems in many countries.
3. Extremely long scenario. According to him, all countries will continue to fight the virus for a long time, suppressing outbreaks of infection here and there until they create a vaccine . This is the best option, but at the same time the longest and most difficult.
First, it depends on the creation of the vaccine. It would be easier if it were a flu pandemic. The world already has experience in creating flu vaccines – they are made every year. There is no vaccine for coronavirus yet. Until now, such viruses have led to mild diseases, so researchers had to start from scratch. According to preliminary data, its creation will take from 12 to 18 months, and then some more time to produce it in sufficient quantities, deliver it around the world and introduce it to people.
Therefore, it is likely that coronavirus will remain part of our lives for at least another year, if not more. If the current round of social distance measures works, the epidemic could wane enough to get everything back to a semblance of norm. People will again be able to visit offices, bars and universities.
But when the usual routine of life returns, the virus returns. This does not mean that all people must remain in strict isolation until 2022. But, as Harvard immunologist Stephen Kissler says, we must prepare for multiple periods of social distance.
Much of the coming years, including the frequency, duration, and time of periods of social isolation, depend on two characteristics of the virus that are still unknown.
Firstly, seasonality. As a rule, coronaviruses turn out to be winter infections, which weaken or disappear in the summer. Perhaps the same will happen with the SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 strain. However, it is likely that changing the weather will not slow down the virus enough, because most do not yet have immunity against it. Now the whole world is looking forward to the onset of summer and the answer to this question.
The second unknown characteristic is the duration of immunity . When people become infected with milder types of human coronaviruses, which cause symptoms like colds, immunity lasts less than a year. But in those infected with the first SARS virus (the causative agent of SARS), which was much more serious, immunity lasted much longer.
Provided that the SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 is somewhere in between, people who have recovered from it can be protected for a couple of years. For confirmation, scientists need to create accurate tests that check for antibodies that provide immunity. And also make sure that these antibodies really do not allow people to get the virus and transmit it. If this is confirmed, people with immunity will be able to return to work, take care of vulnerable members of society and support the economy during periods of social distance.
Between these periods, scientists will be able to create antiviral drugs and look for possible side effects. Hospitals will be able to replenish the necessary supplies. Healthcare providers – perform massive tests to detect the return of the virus as quickly as possible. Then, such harsh and broad measures of social distance, as now, will no longer be needed.
In any case, either due to the appearance of the vaccine or due to the formation of group immunity, the virus will become more and more difficult to spread quickly. But it is unlikely that it will disappear completely. Perhaps the vaccine will have to be modified to adapt to changes in the virus, and people should be given regular vaccinations .
Perhaps epidemics will recur every couple of years, but with less rigidity and less disruption of the usual life. COVID ‑ 19 may become what influenza is now — an annual winter companion. Perhaps someday it will become such a common thing that even despite the availability of a vaccine, children born today will not be vaccinated, forgetting how much this virus has affected their world.
The price that will have to be paid to achieve this with a minimum of deaths will be enormous. As he writes my colleague Annie Lowrey, the economy is now “experiencing a shock more sudden and brutal than anything previously seen by thoe who live today.” Only in the USA approximately every fifth will lose working hours. Hotels are empty, airlines cancel flights, restaurants and small points close. And economic inequality will only grow, because social distance measures will hit low-income people hardest.
Diseases undermined the balance of cities and communities many times, but in developed countries this has not happened for a long time, and not on the scale that we are seeing now.
Once the spread of infection has subsided, a second pandemic will follow – mental health problems . Now, at the moment of fear and uncertainty, people are cut off from comfort – human contact. Hugs, handshakes, and other social rituals are now associated with danger. People with depression and anxiety disorders find it harder to get support.
The elderly, who already participate so little in public life, are asked to isolate themselves even more, only enhancing their loneliness. Asians are more often exposed racist attacks. Most likely, cases of domestic violence will become more frequent because people are forced to stay at home, even if it is unsafe there.
Health workers will need time to recover. According to researchers, two years after the outbreak of SARS in Toronto, medical staff were still less productive and more likely to suffer from burnout and post-traumatic stress. People who survive a long quarantine will also experience lasting psychological consequences. “Colleagues from Wuhan say some residents refuse to leave home and someone has developed agoraphobia ,” says psychologist Steven Taylor, author of The Psychology of Pandemics.
But there is a chance that after this injury, something in the world will change for the better.
For example, the attitude to health. The spread of HIV and AIDS “has completely changed sexual behavior among young people growing up during the peak of the epidemic,” says Elena Conis, a medical historian at the University of California at Berkeley. “Condom use has become the norm, and testing for sexually transmitted infections has become commonplace.” Perhaps, in the same way, washing your hands for 20 seconds, which until now was difficult to enter even in hospitals, during this infection will become a familiar action that will remain with us forever.
In addition, a pandemic can be a catalyst for social change. Now, people and organizations have surprisingly quickly adopted innovations that they were not in a hurry to switch to, including remote work , video calls, normal hospital and flexible conditions for caring for children. “This is the first time in my life that I hear anyone say,“ Oh, if you’re sick, stay home, ”said Adia Benton, an anthropologist at Northwestern University.
Perhaps society will understand that preparedness for an epidemic is not only masks, vaccines and tests, but also a fair work schedule and a stable health system.
Usually, society quickly forgot about the problem after the initial wave of panic. After each infectious crisis – HIV, anthrax, SARS, Zika virus, Ebola – diseases are paid attention to, and invested in treatment methods. But soon the memories are erased, and budgets are reduced. This was partly because these epidemics affected only limited groups of people or occurred somewhere far away. The COVID ‑ 19 pandemic affects everyone and directly affects everyday life.
After the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001, the world concentrated on anti-terrorism measures. Perhaps after COVID ‑ 19, focus will shift to public health.
One can already expect a jump in investments in virology and vaccinology, an influx of students into medical universities and an increase in the domestic production of medical equipment. Such changes alone can protect the world from the next inevitable epidemic.
The lessons we will learn from this pandemic are hard to predict. We can go by distance from each other, build metaphorical and physical walls. Or learn unity, ironically born in social isolation, and cooperation.
Imagine such a future: we are moving from a policy of isolationism to international cooperation. Thanks to constant investments and the influx of new minds, the number of employees in the healthcare sector is growing. Children who are now born at school write essays on how they dream of becoming epidemiologists. Public health is becoming a central element of international politics. In 2030, the SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 3 virus appears out of nowhere and pacifies for a month.
- New York used refrigerated truck to transport body of patient who died of the coronavirus
FEMA dispatched a refrigerated truck to New York to accommodate the bodies of patients infected with Covid-19. The number of deaths due to disease in the US has exceeded the number of deaths in the 9/11 disaster.
Because hospitals and morgues are overloaded, the Emergency Management Authority (FEMA) has dispatched a series of refrigerated trucks to New York City to serve as a “temporary morgue.”
Earlier, the Department of Homeland Security once reported that the morgue in New York was nearly overburdened. Therefore, the plan to use refrigerated vehicles is a timely response measure of the authorities when the disease is progressing in a bad way.
We dispatched refrigerated trucks to New York to temporarily resolve some issues,” FEMA regional manager Thomas Von Essen said on March 30. He added that the military had sent 42 employees to Manhattan’s medical examiner office to assist while a new temporary morgue was set up near Bellevue Hospital.
According to Politico , Mr. Von Essen rejected the plan to use large squares like Madison Square as a gathering place for the bodies. “Fortunately we do not have to think of such a thing,” he said.
According to Von Essen, the government is sending more troops to New York to help handle the rapidly growing number of patient bodies. “It is difficult but everyone is trying. New York needs a lot of help, ”he called.
Local officials said New York alone became the US epidemic with nearly 66,500 cases and 1,218 deaths, as of March 31. According to Bloomberg , the city has sent a plan called “ Mass death management “ to health facilities in the area, which regulates the trucks are called by the term “aggregation point of the body”.
The latest data from Johns Hopkins University shows that the disease situation in the US is escalating. Notably, the number of deaths from Covid-19 in the US as of March 31 exceeded 3,100 cases. This is larger than the total number of deaths in the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
The number of 3,100 deaths today is forecast to continue to increase rapidly over the next few weeks, even months.
- Coronavirus continues to mutate, having 8 variants globally
The new strain of coronavirus, which is causing the pandemic, continues to mutate and there are 8 variants that are spreading globally, health experts said.
Scientists are studying the genome of the coronavirus and discovering new strains have emerged, since the virus first jumped from animals to humans at China’s wildlife meat market late last year, according to New York Daily News .
The good news is that the new variants are not more lethal, says Trevor Bedford, owner of NextStrain.org , a site that tracks the genome of viruses from samples sent from around the world.
The results “show how the virus spreads and divides into other similar strains,” USA Today explained.
“Literally, if the question is ‘whether the virus is genetically altered’, then the answer is yes,” Harvard epidemiologist Marc Lipsitch told NPR .
“The question needs to be asked whether there are any significant changes to the course of the disease or the likelihood of transmission of the disease, or other things we are concerned about.”
The new variants are only slightly different, with no change in the level of lethality, experts said.
“The currently recorded mutation rate, about two variants per month, is perfectly normal for the virus,” Bedford wrote on Twitter. “Flu and the common cold have similar mutations. Even flu. even faster mutations. ”
The genomes recorded so far are providing the information needed to predict whether viruses can be prevented, and whether social strain orders will work. But the picture of the virus is still a sketch, experts say.
They agree that there is still much to discover. But for the time being, micro-level variations are helping researchers map the spread of pathogens around the world.
“The outbreaks can be traced,” Charles Chiu, a professor of medicine and infectious disease at the University of California, San Francisco Medical School, told USA Today. “We have the ability to decode the genome in real time to see which strains or variants are spreading.”
- How to Reduce Anxiety in Coronavirus?
Human instincts are not comfortable with uncertainties, and this is one of those times. However, we can control this anxiety.
According to the Guardian , just a week ago, the world seemed very different from what happened today. The rapid changes and complicated developments of the Covid-19 epidemic would probably scare many people. Fear of an disorder, when ordinary life seems to be out of reach.
The human brain is not programmed to withstand uncertainty, and it is programmed to be alert to any threat. So if you feel panicked before a pandemic, it’s a natural reflex.
Stress not knowing what will happen
For most of us, life has never felt this uncertain, and the uncertainty – according to a 2016 study by neuroscientists at University College London – also stresses us than to know something bad will happen.
If you are young and healthy, it may be better for your mental health if you know you are infected with Covid-19, because that will help you temporarily escape the worry of not knowing what will happen. But those who are old and have underlying medical conditions will not have that luxury.
According to Robert Leahy, director of the American Cognitive Therapy Institute , author of the book “Treatment of Anxiety,” we are all trapped in “an international human injury, where everyone feels that life their lives, or the lives of the people they love are threatened. “
“We tend to equate uncertainty with the worst results. For example, after 9/11, I heard many people say there would be another major attack on New York City, or an Al-Qaeda nuclear strike that never happens when we worry we tend to consider uncertainty a bad thing, but in fact uncertainty is something something neutral – we don’t know what will happen, “Leahy said.
We can look at what happens in China , Italy or Spain and feel fear, which is understandable, but we should also grasp the fact that the measures to blockade, keep Social ways and travel restrictions seem to be working. And at some point, there may be a cure for this disease.
All of which is not to lower the severity of a pandemic, many people will leave because of it. But the problem is that at this time, nobody really knows what will happen.
Focus on what you can control
“We want to be able to predict. We want to make sure that the world stays the same from when we wake up in the morning until we go to sleep in the evening. And if there’s a change, we want it to happen according to our will. But sometimes life has different ideas, “said Daniel Freeman, professor of clinical psychology at Oxford University.
After all, we live with a lot of uncertainty and lack of control over a lot of things in life, even small things like driving a car or riding in a car.
“We have to accept with such uncertainties. We have to accept that nothing is 100% risk-free, and we can’t fully control events, no matter how hard we try. No matter how worried, we can’t know what will come to us, and we can’t prevent problems by just worrying about them meaningful in our lives, “Mr. Freeman added.
Keeping up with the news can make you feel like you have some control over the events, but this can also exacerbate your worries.
“Knowledge is power. So make sure you get information and advice from the best sources. You will also have to keep checking to make sure what you do is in line with the advice of the There is a clear temptation to find information all the time, but there will be times when you have to set a limit for this, “Freeman recommends.
“Remind yourself that you are safe and healthy right now,” says therapist Eve Menezes Cickyham.
“Anxiety is defined by fear of the future. When a pandemic takes place, no one expects the future to be flooded with rainbows, but at the same time, we do not know what will happen.” Ms. Cickyham added.
“When we’re worried, we often try to be more in control, but there are so many things out of our control right now, except staying at home for the sake of you and others,” says the expert. This recommends.
“Our lives are becoming more limited, so it is extremely important that we have all the activities we really want to do. Ideally, these activities must mean something to us. “We need to think of new ways to connect and support our friends, family and neighbors. In times like these, our relationships with others become extremely important,” Mr. Freeman said.
- Prime Minister Infected with Coronavirus – Threatening the British Government at the Highest Level
Among Western leaders, the British Prime Minister was initially quite determined not to order a blockade to combat the Covid-19 epidemic. But he was the first of them infected.
A positive test by Boris Johnson is pushing the British government , which has been heavily criticized, into crisis. Widespread virus anxiety within the government has increased as two other high-ranking officials have also been positive, according to the New York Times .
Earlier Prince Charles, 71, the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II, also said it had been positive. Britain faces the prospect of having to deal with the most serious crisis since World War II while senior leaders have to quarantine.
The virus threatens senior British officials
Mr. Johnson, 55, said he would continue his work. He posted a video on Twitter, taking himself as an example to call people to work remotely and adhere to the government’s measures of distance-keeping.
Health Minister Matt Hancock was also positive for the coronavirus. Both Mr. Johnson and Mr. Hancock claim to have only mild symptoms. Thus, the two politicians directly in charge of dealing with the disease in England were both infected.
These were drastic changes for the British government, and only a little more than two weeks ago had remained calm despite the epidemic in Europe.
The British government’s chief medical advisor, Chris Witty, also said he was having symptoms and was quarantining himself. Concerns about officials meeting Prime Minister Johnson.
Several other world leaders, including those in Germany and Canada , have isolated themselves in recent days. But there is no country in the West where the political system is threatened by diseases like in the UK in the past week.
An important question is how many people have come in contact with Mr. Johnson in recent days.
Many people who work on Downing Street have started quarantining themselves after symptoms. But there is no mechanism to track the contact process, according to officials.
British testing efforts have also been criticized in recent days for failing to keep up with other European countries.
However, Mr. Johnson still tries to lower the risk to cabinet officials or officials who have contacted Mr. Johnson, arguing that the government has followed the recommendations issued to the public, that is, keep a distance of 2 m.
A week of drastic change in policy
Until this week, Mr. Johnson was still quite calm compared to other European countries. “I shook hands with all,” he said of a recent visit to a hospital that treated Covid-19 patients.
At that time, the British Prime Minister did not want to close bars and restaurants, even though he asked people not to gather. He still open school even though France and Germany were closed.
Johnson insists his decisions are based on medical and scientific advisers, and has a clear strategy based on behavioral science, under which the government should introduce measures to limit exposure. Slowly, in the right order, there is public compliance.
But at the same time, government officials caused a public backlash when it came to the concept of “herd immunity”, and some documents seemed to mention the ability for the virus to freely spread to a large number of people. People have natural immunity, helping them fight the virus when there are subsequent outbreaks.
The number of infections has also begun to rise sharply, overloading the health system. An important report from Imperial College London warns that the number of deaths could reach 250,000.
That horrible forecast made Mr. Johnson change his decision over the weekend. On March 23, he banned gathering on two people in public, and urged people to stay home, only to go out when they had to buy food, medicine or be forced to work.
The number of deaths from coronavirus in the UK has surpassed the 1,000 mark. According to official data released on March 28, the UK had 1,019 deaths, a sharp increase from 759 cases a day earlier.
As of the afternoon of March 28, there were 17,089 people in the UK who were positive for Covid-19, out of a total of 120,776 tests.
Since then, Mr. Johnson has been constantly calling for people to keep their distance, calling for the British to unite in a national effort that feels like Britain was bombarded by Germany during World War II, the New York Times commented.
In just two days, more than 600,000 people signed up to voluntarily support the National Health System (NHS) or support more than 1.5 million elderly and high-risk people, which the government has requested to isolate itself. 12 weeks. On the evening of March 26, tens of thousands of Britons stood on the balconies and applauded the doctors.
- TT Trump: Keeping Deaths Below 100,000 is ‘Very Good’
The US leader on March 29 acknowledged for the first time the number of coronavirus deaths in the country that could reach 100,000 or more.
President Donald Trump made this comment at a press conference on March 29 about the situation of coronavirus in the US . He emphasized that if the US kept the death rate below 100,000, it was “we did very well”, according to CNN.
Earlier, the leading epidemiologist, Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, made a similar comment on the “State of the Union” program .
The risk of death increases
Fauci said that based on predictive models, the number of deaths from coronavirus infection in the United States is at risk of up to 100,000 or more.
At a press conference on March 29, President Trump said he had just received the “most accurate” and “most comprehensive” study of potential coronavirus deaths.
He added that the number of deaths in the US could exceed 2 million if “we do nothing”. Earlier, Dr. Fauci said the US could record millions of cases of coronavirus infection.
“When I heard the number today, and this is the first time I heard that number even though I kept asking this question to some people, I feel more satisfied with what we’ve accomplished. in the past week with $ 2,200 billion, “President Trump mentioned the stimulus package approved by the House of Representatives on March 27.
“We’re talking about the possibility of nearly 2.2 million people. Some say the number will be even higher. That’s 2.2 million deaths. Up to 2.2 million people are affected by this disease, “he said.
The number of 2.2 million deaths is predicted by the World Health Organization Collaborative Center (WHOCC) team on the Infectious Diseases Simulation, the MRC Global Infectious Disease Analysis Center (MRC GIDA , Abdul Latif Institute for Disease and Emergency Analysis in collaboration with Imperial College London.
This scenario is warned if the US government does not intervene in the community to spread coronavirus.
Confusing response, inconsistent
Also at the press conference, President Trump decided to extend guidelines nationwide to limit social exposure for another 30 days, extending until April 30.
President Trump has recently been criticized for responding to the coronavirus epidemic in an embarrassing and inconsistent manner.
When the first case was discovered in the United States, in Washington State, he confidently asserted that the United States was safe and compared coronavirus less dangerous than seasonal flu.
Preventive measures stop at the ban on entry and testing of people who have been to China , as he is confident the number of US infections has been contained in February.
Limited testing makes it impossible for the US health system to detect infection in the community before a large-scale outbreak starts in March.
The federal government also has not fully used its powers to meet the needs of medical equipment in states that are currently epidemic like New York and emerging New Orleans.
Most recently, President Trump was criticized by governors and health experts for his intention to revive economic activity, loosen indications to limit social contact before Easter, despite the risk of disease. serious outbreak.
- Spain increased a record 838 deaths, Russia increased a new infection record
Russia on March 29 confirmed 270 cases of coronavirus infection, bringing the total number of the country infection to 1,534 and continued to record a record number of new cases highest in a day.
So far, Russia has recorded 8 deaths because of Covid-19.
Meanwhile, Spain recorded an additional 838 deaths in the past 24 hours, the country’s Ministry of Health said on March 29.
This is the highest number of deaths recorded in a single day to date in the country, bringing the total number of coronavirus deaths in Spain to 6,528.
The number of infections in the country has reached 78,797 cases, an increase of 6,549 cases from the previous day.
After surpassing China for the first time in March 25, the number in Spain is constantly increasing, so far it has nearly doubled China – currently recording 3,300 deaths.
The Spanish Cabinet met in the morning of March 29 to discuss further tightening measures to blockade the country, including requiring all workers in non-essential occupations to stay home for two weeks.
Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez said “extraordinary rigorous measures” were needed as the country tried to curb the spread of the virus to reduce the burden on hospitals.
“This measure will further restrict the movement of people but will help reduce the risk of infection and allow us to release the bottlenecks in intensive care units,” Sanchez said in a televised broadcast.
Despite high numbers of deaths in recent days, Fernando Simon, the head of Spain’s emergency medical agency, said the situation in some parts of the country was improving.
“We’re getting there. We don’t know exactly when we can confirm it, but we’re getting close to the top of the epidemic we’ve carefully studied. In some areas of the country, they may have passed the peak of the epidemic – but we need to be cautious about the preliminary information, “Mr. Simon said at the press conference on the afternoon of March 28.
In Madrid, the capital and the region hardest hit by the disease, supplies of masks and other medical protective equipment are running out.
“The equipment we have is strictly distributed to avoid complete exhaustion. We have to be careful not to soil our protective clothing because we will have to reuse it, which increases the risk.” The high quality equipment is used very carefully, “said Sara Gayoso, a doctor in the capital Madrid.
According to the Guardian , the Spanish government has recalled more than 9,000 Chinese-made coronavirus test kits, after reports showed that the test kits had an accuracy rate of only about 30%.
2,640 deaths in Iran
Iran announced an additional 123 deaths from Covid-19 in the country within the past 24 hours, bringing the total number of deaths from pandemic in the Middle East nation to 2,640, according to AFP .
Meanwhile, the Afghan Ministry of Health confirmed 7 more new cases of coronavirus in the country today, bringing the total to 117. Six of the 7 new cases have been recorded in the western Herat province of the country.
Tokyo recorded a new record of infections
Tokyo today recorded 68 new Covid-19 infections, a record in a day, according to NHK .
Japanese officials have warned of an increase in the number of infections in the near future, after the epidemic has been thought to be relatively slow since the beginning of the epidemic.
To date, 1,800 people have been infected with Covid-19 in Japan, with 55 deaths until March 29, according to NHK.
Millions of people in Tokyo – the largest city in the world – were asked to avoid going out until April 12.
The number of deaths in Switzerland increased to 257
Reuters reported on March 29 that the number of coronavirus deaths in Switzerland increased to 257, from 235 of the previous day.
The number of infections increased to 14,336 from 13,213 cases the day before, according to the Swiss health agency.
The number of deaths from Covid-19 worldwide has increased five-fold in the past two weeks, and surpassed the 30,000 mark, with two-thirds of this happening in Europe, according to data from Johns Hopkins University.
- The number of deaths in the US exceeds 2,000, President Trump wants to blockade New York
At least 215 million people were required to stay home, amid the number of deaths from disease in the US reached 2,010, out of a total of 121,117 infections.
According to statistics at 6pm on March 28, at least 215 million people, or about 65% of the US population, are required to stay home by order that is in effect in the states.
The states also issued additional orders that will take effect from the end of March 28 and from March 30. As of March 29, at least 216.9 million Americans will be required to stay home and by March 30, the number will rise to at least 225 million.
The number of deaths from the new strain of coronavirus in the United States increased to 2,010 on March 28, double within 3 days, according to John Hopkins University’s constantly updated data.
The number of virus infections in the US, the world’s largest epidemic region, has also reached 121,117. Not long ago, the US witnessed an increase of 21,309 cases, or 23%, within 24 hours, a new record.
Korea continues to isolate society, even though it has passed the peak of the epidemic
South Korea recorded 105 new infections on March 29, bringing the total number of cases in the country to 9,583. The death toll increased by 8 to 152, according to the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Daegu City and neighboring North Gyeongsang Province – the 2 provinces most affected, reported 25 new cases. The total number of currently discharged patients is 5,033.
The number of new infections in Korea has fluctuated around 100 cases a day over the past two weeks, down sharply from around 900 cases a day in February.
South Korea decided to increase the implementation of “social isolation” until April 5, asking people to stay home and avoid crowded activities.
Seoul also applies a two-week quarantine and virus test for people from Europe on a long-term visa, regardless of whether they have symptoms or not.
China has only one new domestic case
The National Health Committee of China on the morning of March 29 said the country recorded 45 new infections on March 28, of which only one case occurred in the country, the rest were from outside.
The new domestic case is in Henan province, while the Hubei epidemic has one more day of no new cases reported, although five new day deaths in mainland China are in this province. Hubei also did not record any more suspicious cases.
In total, mainland China recorded 81,439 cases, of which 75,448 were cured, 3,300 died, and 2,691 were being treated.
China is turning anti-epidemic to control “imported” cases, that is, people infected with viruses outside of China have been detected through quarantine activities at border gates. By the end of March 28, mainland China had recorded 693 cases of this type.
2,650 infections and 49 deaths in Africa
47 countries in the Africa region of the World Health Organization (WTO) confirmed 2,650 new infections of coronavirus, including 49 deaths, said WTO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
He also said that the WTO has assisted governments in Africa in early detection of cases by providing testing kits, training health workers, strengthening surveillance systems and detecting cases.
Controversy about the blockade of New York
The state of New York continues to be the focus of the epidemic in the US, accounting for about half of the cases. President Donald Trump said on March 28 that he was considering a two-week mandatory isolation for the entire state as well as parts of New Jersey and Connecticut.
Responding to the announcement, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo said the blockade of the states was illegal and would lead to “complete control”. He said Mr. Trump’s suggestion was “to declare a federal war” to the states.
“I don’t even think it’s legal,” Mr. Cuomo told CNN . “It is not isolation, it will be a blockade. If you say we will confine the people geographically, it will be a blockade. Then we will be Wuhan, China and that won’t be reasonable”.
- 5 Important Questions About Life During the Coronavirus Epidemic
Today we Happy Worthy Life will talking about restricting communication, re-infections and delivering food to your home. See the list:
1. What exactly does social distance mean?
We all heard that we need to limit contacts with people. But how much exactly? Is it possible to walk with a friend if you have no symptoms and at the same time you will be two meters apart? Is it safe to invite a couple of guests home if you haven’t contacted the carriers of the virus?
To answer such questions, it is worth remembering that the new coronavirus is very contagious and is tolerated even by those who themselves do not have symptoms . Because of this, its distribution is more difficult to control and strict measures of self-isolation are needed. It is impossible to be sure that you will not become a virus carrier or transmit it to a more vulnerable person.
Therefore, no matter how categorically it sounds, social distance is primarily the creation of physical distance. And it is most effective when everyone respects the rules. Communication is very important, but now it’s better to switch to telephone calls and video calling.
2. Is it safe to order food at home
Yes, but take precautions. Pay for your order with a card in order not to give money on the spot. Ask to leave it under the door to shorten the contacts. So you take care of yourself and those who deliver the products.
American edition of The Verge compiled a memo with the rules of safe and ethical delivery:
- Do not take the order personally from the courier.
- Throw away the packaging immediately.
- Wash your hands before eating.
- Leave a good tip.
- Support your local business and, if possible, order directly from the restaurant.
3. How long does the virus live on different surfaces
New information is constantly appearing, so one cannot say with absolute certainty. According to the latest data Harvard Medical School researchers, the virus survives:
- 2-3 days on plastic and stainless steel.
- Up to 24 hours on cardboard.
- Four hours on copper surfaces.
- Up to three hours in the air.
Make it a rule to clean surfaces that you frequently touch every day with soapy water and a disinfectant. And, of course, wash your hands more often.
4. Is it possible to get coronavirus again
This is one of the most important questions that remain unanswered. Usually, if a person becomes infected with some kind of infection, the body develops immunity to it and the likelihood of contracting it again greatly decreases. According to British doctors, with coronavirus, are likely to be the same.
But a certain number of people can nevertheless become infected again, and figures can not yet be predicted. Already have cases when people recovered, and then their tests for the presence of the virus again showed a positive result. The human body does not yet have experience in dealing with a new type of coronavirus. Therefore, in someone, antibodies developed in the first period of the disease may disappear over time.
In short, you should not assume that having been ill once, you are protected forever. The risk of a new infection can be very low, but still it cannot be said that it is zero.
5. How age and health problems affect the course of the disease
The risk of hospitalization and death increases steadily with age. However, this does not guarantee that you cannot become seriously ill if you are younger. According to The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 14–20% of people under the age of 55 are hospitalized, and 2–10% are in intensive care. And although mortality at this age is less than 1%, it still exists. These data reflect the situation in the States, but they are consistent with indicators in other countries.
Also known that people with heart disease, lung disease, diabetes, and a weakened immune system have an increased risk of severe illness. We still have a lot to learn about coronavirus, so caution should come first.
Read more news Updates
- How Long does Coronavirus Live on Surface?
According to research published in the New England Journal of Medicine , the SARS-CoV-2 virus can last from a few hours to a few days on the surface or in aerosols (aerosols). including dust particles, smoke, water, heavy metal particles …).
Specifically, research shows that people can become infected with the virus in the air or after touching objects containing germs. The scientists found that the virus lasts for about 3 hours in aerosol, up to 4 hours in the field, 24 hours in cardboard and 2-3 days on plastic or stainless steel.
James Lloyd Smith, co-author of the study and Professor of UCLA’s Ecology and Evolution, said the SARS-CoV-2 virus was transmitted directly through normal intimate contact, making it difficult to prevent the spread. towel. “If you touch objects that other people have used to carry, wash your hands well as they are likely hiding places for viruses,” Professor James said.
The study simulates the mechanism of daily virus activity in households and hospitals with SARS-CoV-2 patients, thereby determining their survival time on the surface of objects. . The team consists of scientists from UCLA, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Princeton University.
Professor James and colleagues said that screening tourists to promptly detect cases of infection is not very effective. People infected with SARS-CoV-2 often spread the virus to the community without knowing they were infected until the symptoms appeared.
The characteristic of the virus makes it extremely difficult to detect. Most patients do not have any symptoms for 5 days, or even longer. “Or they may not reveal the truth even though they know they are ill,” Professor James said.
Public health experts say there are five requirements people must follow to limit the spread of Covid-19. The first is to avoid close contact with sick people. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose. Isolate at home when you find yourself sick. Cover the coughing or sneezing with a tissue, throw the tissue in the trash after use. Use specialized house cleaners or towels to wipe surfaces and objects that are frequently touched.
- Number of infections in the US is the highest in the world, surpassing Italy and China
The number of confirmed coronavirus infections in the United States reached 82,404 on March 26, larger than any other country globally, surpassing Italy and China, according to Johns Hopkins University.
China ranked second with 81,340 cases and Italy in third with 80,589 cases.
The total number of infections globally has now reached 526,044.
The first case reported in the US on January 21 was a man in Washington state who recently traveled to Wuhan, China. Within 6 weeks, new cases began to increase in the United States and the country also had the first death.
The United States leads the world in the number of coronavirus infections
The state of New York is the most affected area in the US. With 37,802 cases, the number of confirmed cases here accounts for nearly half of the total number of cases nationwide and is tens of thousands more than in any other state.
The Trump administration is planning to issue guidelines to classify counties nationwide into high-risk, medium-risk, or low-risk groups, to help state and local governments decide to tighten. or loosen social isolation measures to slow the spread.
Earlier, scientists had warned that the United States would one day become the country most heavily affected by the Covid-19 epidemic. However, many people don’t think that moment comes so quickly. US newspapers simultaneously reported that “The US has led the world in the number of coronavirus infections” as soon as it was confirmed.
With a population of 330 million, the United States is the third most populous country in the world. This means that the number of people who are likely to be infected with Covid-19 here is very large.
Currently, at least 160 million Americans have been ordered to stay home in states from California to New York. Schools, bars, restaurants and many other businesses closed. Hospitals are coping with a spike in the number of patients in New York City while even the supply of equipment and protective equipment is running low.
The failure of the US to cope with the epidemic even as the virus devastation is evident in China has led to this result, according to the New York Times .
The United States cannot carry out extensive testing, making it impossible for the nation to get a comprehensive picture of the disease situation. The lack of masks, protective gear to protect doctors and nurses on the front line, as well as breathing machines to keep the lives of critical patients worse, is making the situation worse.
The United States, which has an outstanding health system backed by trillions of dollars from insurance companies and government health insurance, should be ready for the pandemic.
The country also has an army of heart transplant and cancer doctors. However, the public health system of the US is heavily dependent on local taxes. The system only “kills mosquitoes” and traces people infected with sexually transmitted diseases. It was completely overwhelmed by this pandemic, according to a New York Times commentary .
China recorded a case of domestic infection
The National Health Commission of China on March 27 announced the first local case (after days of not reporting a case of this kind) and 54 foreign cases. The news comes amid Beijing ordering all airlines to sharply cut international flights that could re-trigger the coronavirus.
A total of 55 new infections have been recorded compared to 67 cases a day earlier, China currently has 81,340 cases, with 3,292 deaths, an increase of 5 cases compared to the previous day.
The number of deaths in Italy exceeds 8,000
Officials in Italy reported 662 deaths and 6,153 new infections there on March 26, bringing the total number of virus infections to 80,539 and the total number of deaths of 8,215, according to AFP .
The huge number of victims forced the city of Bergamo, the most heavily affected area in Italy, to send more bodies to cremated, less-pressure crematoriums in nearby towns. Six military trucks transported the coffin out of a Bergamo cemetery on March 26.
“The large number of victims caused the cremation of Bergamo cremation,” said the mayor of Giorgio Gori.
Latest Italian data show that the main victims of Covid-19 are elderly and people with underlying medical conditions. Data on the first 5,542 deaths showed that 98.6% of the victims had at least 1 underlying disease. More than half of the victims had three or more other health problems when they died. Only 29.1% of the victims were women. This disparity also happens elsewhere and confuses doctors around the world.
The death rate among Covid-19 confirmed cases in Italy is 10.1%, much higher than that of countries that perform large-scale tests like South Korea .
China banned foreigners from entering March 28
With the rising number of imported cases, China will ban entry to foreigners – including those with a residence permit – starting March 28.
The ban applies to people who hold a work permit or a residence card in China, but there are exceptions for diplomatic, sailor or crew passports, and certain types of visas.
The notice said foreign nationals seeking to enter China “for the purpose of economic, commercial, scientific or technological activities necessary, or for urgent humanitarian needs” can still apply for a visa. at embassies and consulates. Visas issued after this notice are still valid.
The corona virus was first detected from China’s Wuhan city, but the quarantine and strict blockade of civilian activity helped the country control the outbreak. The number of domestic infections has dropped to almost zero.
China has tightened inspection and isolation of passengers from abroad in recent days, and detected many cases of imported Covid-19.
- Wrong calculations led to the US ‘fall’ before the pandemic Coronavirus
March 26 marked an unhappy milestone for Americans when it officially became the country with the most cases of coronavirus infection in the world.
The number one position previously belonged to China , where the disease began. As of March 27, the country has recorded 81,782 cases, according to Johns Hopkins University. Italy holds the second position with 80,589 cases.
United States jumped to China’s position with 82,404 cases. The situation is forecast to continue to deteriorate further.
In late February, the disease in China reached 80,000 cases and just started outbreaks in Japan , Korea , Iran and Italy. At that time, America on the surface still seemed quiet. As of February 20, the US recorded only 15 positive cases and all were related to travel abroad.
Then American officials began to take the test seriously, with the number of cases rising every day. On March 1, the US recorded 75 infections. About 6 days later, this number increased to 435. On March 14, there were 2,770 cases. On March 21, 24,192 patients were confirmed. The United States now steps past more than 82,000 cases and the number will continue to rise over the next few weeks.
Why is the ‘leading the world infection’ moment so fast?
Many opinions explain that: By the time the US recorded few cases, the disease actually began to develop seriously but was not detected.
The mismanagement in February led to disaster. Government officials, a large part of the media and even some experts reassured the American people they had nothing to fear. This allows the virus to spread, until the scale is too large to continue to ignore. At that time, the disease would have spread so much that it could not be stopped if the United States did not take measures to limit social exposure, leading to severe economic trade-offs.
Many criticisms are directed towards President Donald Trump , as he has cut the resources, personnel, and authority of many health agencies making them difficult to operate. He makes crisis statements in his usual style, cites controversial information about accuracy and uses great words. This tactic has been effective in many scandals recently, but not with coronavirus
Still, failure to respond is not just about the leader. Zeynep Tufekci, an information science expert at the University of North Carolina, in recent months has called on the United States to take more drastic action to prepare for the prospect of a coronavirus outbreak.
“The message of lullaby spread not only from Donald Trump and his audience, but also in the US media, exhorting us to worry more about seasonal flu and warning people not to react excessively, ”Tufekci said.
While the government was ignoring, there were signs from some other countries that the disease was “docking” in the US. However, those who know the situation hardly ever speak out. Those who openly warn against comments are overreacting. People believed in the reassurances from public health experts and thought that the low number of cases was true.
The United States remained normal while the virus spread. Now, the most powerful country in the world is facing the most serious epidemic in the world. The question is: Is it too late to turn things around?
Most cases but still in control
The fact that the United States has identified more coronavirus cases than any other country is a sign that the situation is extremely serious. However, this does not automatically mean that this is the most serious outbreak in the world.
Testing is the first factor to consider. The United States initially had low levels of karma, with many cases showing moderate symptoms that were still required at home to follow up and not immediately tested. However, there are also other countries that are testing at even lower levels than the US.
Some estimates suggest that the number of infections in Iran could reach millions, but the government did not record it. There are concerns that some other pandemic hotspots such as India and Indonesia are inaccurately reporting cases due to limited health systems and poverty. One study found that Indonesia is only accounting for about 10% of symptomatic infections. This figure in India is estimated to be between 10-30%.
The remaining factor to consider is the population. America is the 3rd most populous country in the world. In Italy, on average, one in 750 people will detect a positive case. The number in the US is 1 in 4,000, and in New York City alone it is 1/400. The number of infections per capita will show more clearly the level of overload of the health system and the scale of the impact of the virus.
While the per capita infection rate in the US is still lower than in many European countries, the final statistics still seem more serious. Although only a small part of the population of a populous country, the fact that thousands of people suffer from illness and high mortality is obviously a tragedy.
The high number of infections in the United States is a result of a large population, widespread virus outbreaks and improved testing capacity. The fact that the number of HIV-infected cases in the United States has jumped through testing may be a good sign that the country is still able to turn things around.
How did the epidemic land?
By the end of January, China tightened restrictive travel measures across the country. Wuhan City is placed in a blockade. Hospitals and aggressive treatment units overload patients with corornavirus.
Under this situation, the US prohibits entry of all foreign citizens who have been to China. The move helps significantly delay the number of people infected in the US and gives the country more time to prepare better, according to Tom Frieden, former director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
“Every other response of the government is horribly embarrassing,” Frieden said. The United States wasted its preparation time.
The government’s budget cuts and mismanagement reduced the capacity of many crisis response agencies. The CDC then started research and testing to identify the new strain of coronavirus, but they sent it to laboratories with the wrong reagents. New test kit instructions are also sent.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has delayed approval of self-developed test applications from laboratories across the US. Independent researchers at the Flu Study project, Seattle, Washington, where the first serious outbreak occurred, asked to conduct the tests themselves, but were also denied by the government.
“We feel like we are waiting for a pandemic to explode. We can help, but nothing can be done, ”said Helen Chu, who led the research.
The government has regulations restricting testing for people who have been to China or who have contacted people who have confirmed positive for coronavirus. The shortcoming is that people who have been to Korea, Iran, Italy or countries where the epidemic has been detected will not be tested. If they spread the disease to others, they cannot be tested either . Attempts to identify virus that are spreading in the US have become an impossible task.
By comparing a patient’s genetic sample, virologist Trevor Bradford estimated that the disease had started spreading in Washington state since mid-January. By the end of February, the virus had passed to a nursing home and died. US health officials have repeated the message that there is no infection of the community. The director of the National Institutes of Health Anthony Fauci then identified the risk of coronavirus in the US as low. On February 17, he focused on warning people of the risk of dying of children from seasonal flu at its highest level in a decade.
The American people are aware that the situation is still not worrying. Many media outlets posted content emphasizing that the risk from the flu is higher than coronavirus. This is a serious communication mistake but also reflects exactly what they have received from leading national health officials.
According to Bedford’s estimates, more than 7,000 actually occurred in the United States by the end of February, far ahead of the 68 confirmed positive patients. It was then that a laboratory in California announced they had detected the first community-acquired coronavirus in the United States.
By March, everything had become so clear that it couldn’t be ignored. Community transmission is reported in many cities. However, the reaction of the US government is still slow.
FDA does not urgently permit laboratories to conduct independent testing. Even the testing regulations were tightened, which caused some establishments to cancel the collected samples. The US test level improved, but at that time the virus was speeding up the spread.
One by one, the county and state governments decided to close schools, declare a state of emergency, call people to limit social contact or conduct blockades. Everything happened in a hurry when the local leadership did not have enough research data on hand because the test was too few.
Italy closed all schools on March 4 and sealed off the nation with fewer than 10,000 infections. Meanwhile, the US in turn passed the milestones of 10,000 cases (March 19), 20,000 cases (March 21) and 50,000 cases (March 24) without any travel restrictions was issued on a national scale.
Some local and state officials, such as the Mayor of London Breed of San Francisco and Governor Mike DeWine of Ohio, have chosen their own path, taking drastic measures early on to stop the spread of infection. Some local leaders, such as Texas Deputy Governor Dan Patrick, do not want to cause economic damage. Mr. Patrick argued: If a person were asked “do you want to trade your chance of survival to keep the America that Americans love for your children and grandchildren”, every grandpa and grandmother across the country will accept take risks and let viruses spread.
Statements such as that of the Texas vice governor were criticized for being incomplete. Blockade measures can have an economic impact, but the deaths of thousands of Americans and the overcrowded health system and declining worker health have caused equally great economic losses.
When testing and detecting cases of New York were out of control, Governor Andrew Cuomo and Mayor of Bill de Blasio openly debated the measure to ban people from going out, similar to the policy. Early on in the California Bay Area.
While epidemiologists urge people to limit social contact, the lack of organization and the transmission of ambiguous messages from politicians, coupled with the lack of testing, have reduced awareness.
Recently, the US has taken stronger action to prevent the disease. Schools are closed in many places. The measure is applicable to both restaurants and bars. California, with more than 40 million people and accounting for a fifth of the nation’s GDP, soon asked residents to stay indoors. There are 19 other states in the US that follow the model in the West Bank.
The reality is that the United States has responded slowly and current measures risk not being able to work as intended. It is still not possible to ensure that current measures are sufficient to address the situation in New York, New Orleans and Atlanta, which is seriously lacking in intensive care beds. Coping efforts will therefore continue to “escalate” in the battle with the coronavirus, creating a greater economic burden.
A false start over 1 month ago put the United States at a disadvantage in the next phase of the battle with the coronavirus. March is almost over and the US is still in a defensive position, the virus continues to “attack” and spread with the number of infections increasing hour by hour.
- News Updates: Coronavirus Disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) | SARS-CoV-2
- Updates: Number of infections in the US has been highest in the world, surpassing Italy and China
According to Reuters statistics, the number of confirmed coronavirus infections in the US reached 81,378 on March 26, larger than any other country in the world, surpassing Italy and China.
China was in second place with 81,285 cases and Italy in third with 80,539 cases.
- New Discovery of Coronavirus, Opens the Door for Unique Vaccine
Scientists believe that coronavirus does not mutate significantly in human populations, opening a chance of long-term success for a single vaccine.
According to the scientists who are working on the genetic code, the relative stability of the SARS-CoV-2 virus strain reduces the risk of spread and creates hope for vaccine production.
Normally, all virus evolve and change when they are replicated and spread in a large population. However, SARS-CoV-2 has a “proofreading” function to reduce errors in the copy cycle. According to the researchers, the virus after copying does not change much and is no more dangerous than the prototype virus.
The Washington Post quoted Johns Hopkins University geneticist Peter Thielan as saying that scientists were studying more than 1,000 different virus samples. According to him, based on the virus sample spread in Wuhan ( China ), they only found 4-10 genetic mutations in the virus samples that attacked Americans .
“This is a relatively low number of mutations for a virus that spreads in such a large population,” said Thielen. “At this stage, the rate of mutation will determine the success or failure of a single treatment vaccine.”
In contrast to the flu, which requires different vaccines each year, Thielen hopes coronavirus can be prevented in the long term with a single dose of vaccine.
Many vaccines against Covid-19 are in the process of research and development. However, experts estimate the vaccine takes at least a year to a year and a half to be fully ready.
Experts Stanley Perlman of the University of Iowa and Benjamin Neuman of Texas A&M University, virologists of the international commission of coronavirus, also confirmed that the strain is quite stable and does not have significant mutations. tell me.
“But if the epidemic persists for another year, the virus can then change even more.” Neuman compared the coronavirus to the flu, which has many unpredictable mutations. “The flu virus genome is divided into segments with separate codes. “When two flu viruses are in the same cell, they can swap code together and create new variants immediately.”
Experts say only a small mutation in the new strain could have a major impact on the Covid-19 pandemic. However, there have been no significant changes so far.
For example, the high death rate in Italy is due to external factors, such as an aging population, an overcrowded hospital, a lack of ventilators, a lack of manpower, not due to a virus mutation. “As far as we can observe, the high damage profile of the disease has no relation to the mutation of the virus, which is largely due to other situational factors,” said Mr. Thielen.
- How to Treat Coronavirus?
Special drugs for COVID-19 do not yet exist.
So far, world medicine can offer sick only symptomatic and supportive (something that helps the body survive while he is fighting the coronavirus) treatment. And the doctor always prescribes this therapy after a free test for SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2.
Therefore, if you have a high fever, an obsessive dry cough, a sharp weakness, urgently call the therapist at the place of residence.
Call an ambulance if:
- difficulty breathing (for example, it has become difficult to inhale or at rest more than 30 breaths per minute);
- there was a constant pain or constricting sensation in the chest;
- there is a clouding of consciousness or a person has fallen asleep and it is not possible to wake him;
- lips and face acquired a bluish tint.
Who will be hospitalized with coronavirus and who will be left at home
The doctor also makes a decision about this, based on the results of the coronavirus test, the patient’s well-being, his travel history and other factors, if:
- They are at risk . This includes those who are over 65 years old, pregnant women and people with chronic diseases (diabetes mellitus, chronic heart failure, disorders of the respiratory system – bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
- They live with people at risk, and those cannot be resettled.
- Their temperature is 38.5 ° C and higher.
- There are breathing problems.
- The frequency of breaths is more than 30 per minute.
- Blood oxygen saturation is less than 93%.
The rest can be treated at home.
How to treat coronavirus at home
We repeat: no special drugs for coronavirus exist. Like most respiratory infections , COVID ‑ 19 is usually treated symptomatically. This means that the main goal is to alleviate the human condition.
At 80% people have a mild illness. So your chances to get off with fright and signs of a common cold (maximum – flu) are very high. If everything is in order, after 3-5 days after the onset of the first symptoms you will recover.
A sufficient amount of moisture in the body is necessary on dition to speed recovery.
Ventilate the room
This will reduce the concentration of viruses in the air and help your body can deal with the infection faster.
Have a rest
Relieve pain and discomfort
Over-the-counter pain medications based on paracetamol or ibuprofen are suitable for these purposes.
Watch your condition
Call your doctor right away or call 103 if the following symptoms appear during COVID ‑ 19 home treatment :
- The temperature rose to 38.5 ° C. or more.
- Shortness of breath or other breathing problems.
- A dry obsessive cough intensified or appeared if it was not present at the time of diagnosis.
- The blood oxygen saturation index dropped below 93% (measured by a pulse oximeter, the device can be bought at a pharmacy).
Such symptoms mean that severe pneumonia develops . The lungs are damaged and the person experiences oxygen starvation. Urgent hospitalization is required.
How is coronavirus treated in a hospital
The treatment regimen in each case is selected individually. Anti-inflammatory and antiviral agents or antibiotics may be prescribed to the patient to prevent or minimize the effects of bacterial complications.
Depending on the severity of the condition, oxygen therapy is possible (inhalation of air with a high oxygen content) or connection to an artificial lung ventilation device.
How to determine that a person has recovered
The patient is discharged or quarantined if he no longer has symptoms of the disease, and two tests for coronavirus, conducted within 48 hours, gave a negative result.
- Why Coronavirus Not ‘Alive’ But so Difficult to Eradicate?
After billions of years of evolution, virus have learned how to “survive without life” – a terrifyingly effective strategy to make them endure, constantly threatening humans.
The deadly SARS-CoV-2 virus has brought to a standstill that the global life is only a cluster of genetic material, surrounded by protruding proteins with a thickness of 1/1000 thick eyebrow, which looks like a crown. (hence the name “corona”, meaning crown).
They are like zombies pretending to be (zombies), almost no sign of living things. But as soon as they enter the human airway, the virus activates, attacks the cell, multiplying millions of copies.
The mode of action of SARS-CoV-2 can be considered a “genius”, according to the Washington Post ‘s comment : penetrate into the human body and before humans have symptoms, they reproduce quickly and spread to other people.
They cause harm, devastate the lungs, cause death in some patients, but only cause mild symptoms in others, so they can always spread.
Researchers are racing to find a cure and a vaccine, but they stand in front of a formidable virus.
Outside “fake death”, the body is activated again
Respiratory virus often enter and reproduce in two places in the body. Either in the nose or throat, where they spread more strongly, or in the lower part of the lungs, where they will be less easily spread but easily fatal.
But the new strain of SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus as the two types combined. They live in the upper part of the airway, from which they can easily spread to the next victim after coughing or sneezing. But in some patients, the virus can go deep into the lungs, leading to death.
Thus, SARS-CoV-2 has both the potential for spread of common influenza and the death of its “relative” SARS, which caused an epidemic in Asia in 2002-2003.
But unlike SARS, SARS-CoV-2 has a lower death rate. In turn, symptoms will manifest less, longer than SARS. Thus, an infected person with SARS-CoV-2 often spreads it to others before he or she is infected.
In other words, SARS-CoV-2 has enough stealth to spread to the whole world.
The virus that are responsible for the most dangerous epidemics in the past 100 years: the 1918, 1957 and 1968 influenza, SARS, MERS and Ebola. Like the corona virus, the viruses all have animal origin, all encode genetic material in the RNA chains.
Outside the host’s body, such RNA viruses are often “inactive”. They have no signs of life such as metabolism, movement or reproduction. And they can “sit still” so long.
SARS-CoV-2 usually degrades for a few minutes or hours outside the host, but some particles may still be able to spread longer – such as 24 hours on the surface of the cover, or even to Three days on plastic and stainless steel surfaces.
In 2014, a virus that froze for 30,000 years, discovered and revived by scientists, could still infect an amoeba (a form of unicellular life).
On – off between live and not live
After entering the host, they use proteins to surround themselves to “unlock” and invade cells, then use intracellular mechanisms to assemble the necessary material and then continue doubling.
“They seem to have the ability to turn on and off between living and not living,” Gary Whittaker, a professor of virology at Cornell University, told the Washington Post . He described the virus as a hybrid of chemicals and biology.
The coronavirus strains such as SARS-CoV-2 are one of many families of RNA viruses. Among RNA virus, coronavirus are larger in size and have more complex mechanisms.
One of these “preeminent” mechanisms includes the “error proofing” proteins, which allow the coronavirus to correct errors during its replication. As a result, they reproduce faster than normal bacteria, but still do not duplicate the error and then “die prematurely”.
The general adaptability helps pathogens adapt to new environments, spread from one species to another. Scientists believe that SARS originates from bats and spreads to humans through the plow sold in the market. The SARS-CoV-2 virus can also now be derived from bats, and is thought to infect humans through intermediate hosts.
On the list: How Long Have Coronavirus Vaccine?
Fight SARS-CoV-2 with the immune system and antiviral drugs
nce inside a cell, the virus can replicate 10,000 on its own within hours. After a few days, the infected person will have hundreds of millions of virus molecules in just a few drops of blood.
The strong proliferation of the virus makes the immune system counterattack, secreting chemicals. Increased body temperature, causing fever. Leukemia “legions” are drawn to the infected area. These reactions make people sick.
Andrew Pekosz, a virologist at John Hopkins University, compared the virus to a vandal.
He comes into your home, eats your food, uses your tables and chairs, and gives birth to 10,000 babies. “Destroy the house,” he said.
The battle between the virus and the immune system is extremely fierce, the surrounding cells are “plagued”.
Unfortunately, people do not have many ways to combat these bandits.
Currently, for bacteria, most antibacterial drugs work by interfering with the mechanism of the bacteria. For example, penicillin, the world’s most popular antibiotic, will “block” the type of molecule bacteria use as a cell wall.
Thanks to that, penicillin had a miraculous effect when it was brought to the front during World War II, fighting thousands of bacteria. In addition, human cells do not use this type of molecule, so we can safely use penicillin.
But viruses are different from bacteria. They do not have their own machinery and cells, so they work through human cells. Their protein is also human protein. Drugs that can kill viruses will also harm us.
For this reason, antiviral drugs often have to be “targeted” in a very specific and accurate manner, according to virologist at Stanford University Karla Kirkegaard.
Antiviral drugs need to target the proteins that the virus needs to use during copying. These proteins are specific to each virus, meaning that the virus is difficult to use for other viruses.
Worse, because the virus evolves quite quickly, if scientists find a cure, it is also unlikely to have a lasting effect. That’s why scientists have to constantly develop new drugs to treat the HIV virus, and why patients must take a “cocktail”, that is, mix a few antiviral drugs, to treat at the same time. several virus variants.
“Modern medicine must constantly keep up with the virus variants,” Ms. Kirkegaard said.
Particularly SARS-CoV-2 is still a question mark. Although the behavior of this strain differs from its cousin, SARS, there does not seem to be a difference between the surrounding spiny protein outside SARS-CoV-2 and SARS.
Understanding these proteins is key in vaccine development, according to Alessandro Sette from the La Jolla Immune Institute in California.
Previous research on SARS has shown that the protein surrounding SARS is what triggers the immune system to respond. In a study published this week, Sette showed that the same holds true for SARS-CoV-2.
More SARS-CoV-2 resembles SARS, the more optimistic the scientific community
That brings optimism, Sette said, because it shows that the current direction of scientists is targeting proteins to study vaccines is right. Specifically, if a person is exposed to a version, the body will be “trained” to identify and respond earlier.
“As such, the new strain of coronavirus is not so ‘new,'” Sette said.
Another positive point is that if SARS-CoV-2 is not much different from the SARS relative, it means that SARS-CoV-2 does not evolve too quickly. This gives scientists time to develop the vaccine and catch up.
In the meantime, the best weapon we have against coronavirus is community health measures, such as testing and maintaining social distance, along with diligent “gatekeepers”. our own immune system, says Kirkegaard from Stanford University.
Some scientists are even more optimistic about one thing: the virus itself.
Despite the mechanism of “genius” and effective, even potentially lethal, “viruses do not really want to kill us. (If not fatal) then it will be better for them, better for the virus number, when we are still healthy, ”according to Ms. Kirkegaard.
Experts say that, from an evolutionary perspective, the ultimate goal of the virus is to spread but only mildly affect the host – making an unwelcome but polite “guest” instead of a name ” vandalism “. The reason is that if the host dies as much as SARS or Ebola, the virus will no longer have a host to spread.
Virus are not fatal, only minor harm is the kind that can exist forever. A 2014 study found that the virus that causes herpes sores (cold sores) has existed with humans for 6 million years. “It was a very successful virus,” said Ms Kirkegaard.
If viewed from such an evolutionary perspective, the new strain of coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 seems to be quite “innocent” when spreading and causing many deaths, without knowing that there is another “softer” way for long-term survival, the Washington Post comments.
But over time, the viral RNA will gradually change. Maybe one day, not far, it will become one of the common seasonal flu strains, emerging every year, making us cough, sneeze, but nothing more serious, according to the Washington Post .
- 7 Ways to Pacify Anxiety Caused by Coronavirus
The spread of coronavirus worries the whole world. And the sensational headlines that sow panic, hypotheses and false information only add fuel to the fire.
“When the number of infected people grows, and the media intensely draws attention to the virus, it is very easy to panic. Especially if you or a loved one has a weakened immune system, ”said Diana Gall, a consultant for the online service Doctor-4-U. “Anxiety about health can flood your whole life, and fear of coming into contact with the virus will prevent you from doing everyday things.”
To avoid this, follow a few simple rules.
1. Get news from reliable sources
The media has a lot of bloated and simply inaccurate information, the reading of which feeds alarm. “I think the most useful thing that can be done at the moment is to read verified sources of information, for example, the WHO website , ” said psychologist Baruch Fischhoff in an interview with the American Psychological Association.
This will also protect against various gossip and people who use the situation to sell something or incite racial and ethnic hatred.
2. Sit less on social networks
“Social networks and news sites add to the concern. And for those who are already suffering from anxiety, they can be especially dangerous, ”says psychologist Elena Touroni, founder of the My Online Therapy psychological counseling service. “To admit that something is hurting you, and to take action against it is to take care of yourself.”
Unsubscribe from those who post alarmist statements and false data.
Consider this information as useless background noise. And the time has come to turn down the sound. If you need social networks to find out about friends in the affected areas, carefully monitor how much time you spend there. And note if this is harmful to your condition.
3. Disable push notifications
News sites often write about an event several times, adding details and comments to the article. So one confirmed case of the disease, described many times in several sources, can create the feeling that the situation is worse than it is. To prevent panic, turn off all notifications
4. Check for catastrophic thinking
In extreme circumstances, it is easy to become a victim of catastrophy, a cognitive distortion that makes the situation seem much worse than it is. Therefore, it is important to monitor your thoughts and stop yourself in time. “When you notice that you are considering scary scenarios, tell yourself that these are just thoughts,” Turoni advises. “This is such a brain reaction to your emotional state.”
“In order not to fall into black and white thinking , notice the thoughts caused by fear and remember the positive facts,” says Nadia James, the founder of the Kinde social network for people with anxiety and depression. “For example, if you are not an elderly person and you do not have any background diseases, then the risk of having a hard to carry coronavirus is low.”
Fact-check your thoughts, follow the recommended hygiene rules and try to maintain your usual routine of life.
Psychotherapist Stephanie Healey also suggests using cognitive-behavioral therapy. For example, to understand the essence of the problem (anxiety), break it into smaller parts. Think about different scenarios to see what scares you. And then develop an action plan.
5. Avoid unnecessary talk about the threat.
Seeking support and discussing problems with family, friends and colleagues is completely natural. But if the conversation goes on and on for discussion of fears and catastrophic scenarios, it’s better to transfer it to another topic. Otherwise, anxiety and discomfort will only increase.
6. Notice the difference between useful and harmful anxiety.
In order not to get sick, it is important to monitor not only the physical, but also the mental state. Oversensitiveness often does not protect, but harms, and stress weakens. the immune system.
Excessive anxiety can make you more vulnerable. Remind yourself of this.
“Useful anxiety is a reasonable level of anxiety that encourages us to take reasonable precautions,” explained psychologist Rachel Allan. – Harmful – constant thought about threats and worst-case scenarios. It provokes a feeling of helplessness and panic. It’s useful to monitor your physical condition, find out the news and follow the rules of hygiene, but if you focus on these actions, stress and anxiety will only grow. ”
7. Try to meditate.
“Meditation helps to notice our thoughts and feelings, to see how we bind in them and how it harms us,” continues Elena Turoni. Try to meditate at least 10 minutes a day. For example, with the Headspace or Calm application .
If meditation is not suitable for you, do breathing exercises . “When you’re anxious, place one palm on your stomach and take a deep breath through your nose,” advises stress reduction consultant Palma Michel. – The breath should be as deep as possible. Then exhale as slowly as possible, deliberately slowing down the process. Repeat several times. Then, as you inhale, count to three, and as you exhale, count to six. Continue to breathe in such a rhythm for 3-5 minutes. Slow exhalation relaxes the body and soothes the nervous system. ”
The world is now full of suspense. Focus on what is known and what you yourself can control.
Keep in touch with loved ones. Keep calm. Wash your hands and do not touch your face on the street.
- 11 Ways to Make Your Home More Comfortable During Quarantine
Because of the coronavirus, educational institutions are quarantined, companies transfer employees to remote work, and mass events are canceled. If you are used to spending most of your time outside the home, isolation will surely seem torture to you. But this feeling can be mitigated by making housing more comfortable. We tell you what can be done to wait out the epidemic in pleasant conditions.
1. Arrange a workplace
If you were transferred to a remote place , and there is no workplace at home, it is difficult to concentrate: the mood is not the same, and your back aches from the whole day on the couch.
The minimum set for a home office is a desk, a work chair, and a table lamp. Choose a bright place in the apartment, but not directly opposite the window so that the sun’s rays do not illuminate the screen. It’s good if there is a power outlet nearby to charge your laptop and phone. If not, take care of the extension cord.
To make the workplace comfortable, complete it with accessories: a cork board, an organizer for papers, and a pencil box. A small plant – succulent or cactus – will add vitality.
If you do not want to buy a table and an office chair, take advantage of what is already there. Place the lamp on the dining table and bring a sofa cushion from the living room to make the kitchen chair more comfortable. If you have a deep and not too high window sill, you can use it as a table. Buy a laptop stand to work on your sofa or bed. And instead of a pencil box, take a glass or cup – they will cope no worse.
2. Clear out
In a clean house, breathing is easier. Therefore, I advise you to carry out a general cleaning: wash the windows, wash the curtains, clean the carpets and sofas, disassemble the contents of the cabinets and throw away the excess. There will be less dust in the air, and free space will appear on the shelves.
3. Engage in minor repairs
It happens that in the house there are minor malfunctions, to which hands do not reach. Quarantine is an excellent reason to fix them: repair a dripping faucet, tighten the doors of kitchen cabinets, grease the door hinges, mask the scratches on the laminate. So in the house there will be less sources of irritation.
4. Optimize storage
It’s good when you know exactly where to look for batteries, a shoe brush or a sewing kit. This happens if the house is properly organized storage and things are in place.
Start with clutter : throw away things you don’t like and rarely need. The remaining ones are divided into categories depending on the situations in which they are used. Remove those that are rarely needed, and leave the most “popular” at hand. Find things that are convenient to return to. So the likelihood is higher that the order will remain for a long time.
Want to make the house even more convenient – make sets of things for different occasions. Spend cocktail parties often – place glasses, a shaker, napkins on a tray. Be careful about shoes – collect boxes with care products and accessories for different couples.
5. Organize a home library
If you want to devote more time to reading, quarantine is a good opportunity. A home library will help organize books and decorate the interior.
To design a library, you will need a bookcase or display cabinet. The second option is better: books in a closed cabinet dust less.
Arrange publications by height, cover colors, authors or genres. Take free places with photos in frames, caskets, figurines, small artificial plants.
6. Create corners for relaxation
Think about how you like to spend time at home, and organize zones for your favorite activities. Equip a workshop, place for reading or board games. Place a table and chairs on the balcony to enjoy the sunrises and sunsets in a comfortable setting.
7. Rearrange furniture
If you often beat your little finger against the cupboard or are forced to reach for a book each night at the side of the bed, think about rearranging it.
Just don’t rush to drag and drop heavy furniture like a sofa, bed or wardrobe. First, measure objects with a tape measure and figure out how they will fall in a new place. If you do not want to rely on the eye, paint the space with masking tape: it is not too sticky, so it can be easily removed and does not spoil the finish.
8. Allocate a place for sports
People who switch to remote work move less : they do not need to go to a stop or a parking lot, climb stairs, walk around an office. The lack of activity affects health, mood and health, so it makes sense to allocate space for exercise and buy basic equipment.
If you plan to do yoga or perform exercises with your own weight, enough gymnastic mat. Love intense workouts – get dumbbells, weights and fitness bands.
9. Improve the bedroom
Quarantine is an occasion to get enough sleep. I propose to improve the situation in the bedroom in order to pleasantly spend 8-10 hours a day.
Order a mattress cleaning or clean it yourself. Buy comfortable pillows and blankets for the season, bedding made from natural materials. If in the evenings the light of lamps or headlights does not let you fall asleep, hang blackout curtains on the windows.
Add pleasant smells: install an aroma diffuser, spread the sachet with perfume to taste under the pillows and in the cabinets. Choose soothing aromas: lavender, lemon balm, peppermint, cedar.
10. Greening the apartment
Plants purify the air and saturate it with oxygen. Choose the ones that you like in appearance and suit the properties, and order online.
Indoor plants are usually brought in simple plastic pots. To organically fit greens into the interior, buy suitable flower pots. Do not forget about the soil and drainage: they will be needed when you transplant the plant.
Another way to green the apartment is to arrange bouquets around the house. But it will cost more, and cut flowers will last a maximum of a couple of weeks.
11. Decorate the interior with your own hands
The interior looks bright when there are details about the owners. Fond of drawing – write a couple of pictures and hang on the walls. Sculpt from clay – put homemade ceramics in a prominent place. Knit or sew – make a rug, bedspread or pillow cover. So you spend your free time with pleasure and benefit.
- How the Symptoms of Coronavirus Change Day by Day
For 80% of people, coronavirus infection is safe. But knowing when to ask for help is worth everything.
Scientists still do not fully understand what SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 coronavirus is and how to deal with COVID ‑ 19, the disease that it causes. But it is already clear how exactly in most cases the ailment develops and in what time period its symptoms occur.
Happy Worthy Life leads timeline the average COVID ‑ 19 – by day from the moment of infection. Do not miss important signs of the disease.
An accurate diagnosis can only be made by a doctor and only on the basis of a test. If you have coronavirus symptoms, first contact your GP or call the hotline at 8 800 20‑00‑112 and follow the instructions .
Infection. The risk of catching the virus is above all somewhere in the crowd, at the checkout counter of a supermarket, in a subway car. Or, for example, in personal contact with a person who recently returned from abroad. SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 is transmitted primarily by airborne droplets, and close contact (less than 2 meters away) is the most common route of infection.
It may take 2 to 14 days for the first symptoms to appear. In some cases, the incubation period lasts up to 27 days – the term, presumably, depends on the characteristics of a particular person. However, such a long period is extremely rare.
Most often, COVID ‑ 19 makes itself felt in about 5 days after infection.
We proceed from this figure in further calculations.
Digestive symptoms. Although WHO considers they are uncharacteristic for coronavirus (after all, the infection affects mainly the respiratory tract), there is evidence that every second sick person has stomach problems.
In most cases, patients complain of:
- loss of appetite
- abdominal pain.
Please note: these symptoms are not yet a sign of illness. The stomach can hurt for a variety of reasons . Another thing is if, against the background of digestive disorders, signs characteristic of coronavirus infection appear.
There are key symptoms of coronavirus. In the vast majority of cases, there are three:
- Temperature increase up to about 38–39 ° С.
- Dry cough.
Symptoms are similar to those that appear with the flu . And this is one of the main problems in the diagnosis of COVID ‑ 19. There are no characteristic symptoms that would immediately distinguish coronavirus infection from normal seasonal SARS. This is not to say: “If you have a runny nose, this is definitely not a coronavirus.” Or: “If you have a dry cough, but the temperature is not high, this is exactly the usual SARS.”
Key symptoms of coronavirus may be accompanied (or may not be accompanied) by additional:
- runny nose;
- stuffy nose;
- sore throat;
- wet cough with sputum;
- muscle and joint pain .
In some cases, COVID ‑ 19 is completely easy and almost asymptomatic. And sometimes it manifests itself with non-standard signs. For example, complete or partial loss of smell – anosmia. This is reported experts of the British Association of Otorhinolaryngology.
Be that as it may, with a mild course of COVID ‑ 19, approximately 4–7 days after the onset of symptoms, the patient becomes better. The man is recovering. Such lucky statistics – 80% of the total number of cases.
But in 20% of all cases, the process is difficult. And the disease manifests itself with additional symptoms.
- severe shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing;
- painful, constricting sensation in the chest;
- extreme weakness, blurred consciousness;
- bluish lips, pallor.
Such symptoms suggest that severe pneumonia develops . The lungs are damaged and the person experiences oxygen starvation. Urgent hospitalization is required.
Treatment of such patients may be delayed for a week or two and require oxygen therapy (inhalation of air with high oxygen content).
Three quarters of patients who have developed viral pneumonia are slowly starting to recover.
But a quarter (up to 6% of the total number of cases) develop a dangerous complication – acute respiratory distress syndrome. In this case, the immune cells that must fight the infection inside the lungs go crazy and begin to attack healthy tissue, including.
The patient’s condition deteriorates sharply, he loses the ability to breathe on his own and needs to be connected to a ventilator.
Mechanical ventilation is an extreme measure. Which, moreover, does not always help: half of the patients connected to the device still die. In most cases, this occurs on the 14–19th day after infection .
But it helps some mechanical ventilation. The condition of the sick is improving. True, lung injuries and the disorders caused by them – respiratory, cardiovascular, neurological and others – do not go away.
- When does the epidemic end and life returns?
The world is reeling from the epidemic, but no one knows when the outbreak will end so that life can return to normal, until the vaccine is born.
The world is closed, walls are erected everywhere. Cities that have been bustling with bustling life have become ghost cities and towns with a range of restrictions and blockade from school closures, to restrictions, banning crowds.
It is the unprecedented global response to a disease. But when it will end and when we can return to normal life, wrote James Gallagher, BBC health and science correspondent .
Prime Minister Boris Johnson said he believed Britain could “turn the tide” to counter the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic in the next 12 weeks and that it could repel the virus.
But even as the number of new infections begins to decline in the next 3 months, the battle with the coronavirus is long lasting. It may take a long time for the epidemic to decline, possibly for many years.
Journalist Gallagher said that it is clear that the strategy to close most of the society today is difficult to be sustainable in the long term. Social and economic damage will be unavoidable. What nations need is an “escape strategy,” a way to lift restrictions and return to normal life.
But the coronavirus will not go away. If we remove the restrictions that are holding back the virus, the number of new infections will surely skyrocket.
“We have a big problem with what the escape strategy is and how we get out of this. Not only in the UK, no country has a really long-term strategy, ”said Mark Woolhouse, professor of epidemiology and infectious disease, University of Edinburgh in Scotland.
That is the great challenge of science and society. There are basically 3 ways to get rid of this mess.
Vaccinate, create community immunity when there are enough people infected, ultimately change our behavior / society permanently. Each has the potential to reduce the spread of the virus, according to journalist James Gallagher.
The vaccine takes 12-18 months
accines give people immunity so they don’t get sick when exposed to the virus. The US began testing its vaccine on humans for the first time in the past week, after researchers were allowed to bypass the conventional rules of animal testing first.
Vaccine research is happening at an unprecedented pace, but there is no guarantee it will succeed and vaccinations need to be performed on a global scale. The best prediction is that the vaccine will be available in about 12-18 months if all goes well.
It is a long wait when faced with unprecedented social constraints in peacetime.
“Waiting for a vaccine should not be honored with a strategic name, because it’s not a strategy,” said Professor Woolhouse.
Natural immunity takes 2-3 years
The UK’s short-term strategy is to reduce the number of new infections as much as possible, in order to prevent the health system from becoming overloaded. At the end of the intensive care bed, the number of deaths will increase.
When new cases are under control. It may allow some measures to be relaxed for some time, until new cases increase and another round of restrictions is needed.
When this became uncertain, British Government Chief Scientific Advisor Patrick Vallance proposed the concept of community immunity.
“The community will be immune to this strain and it will be an important part of disease control in the long run. About 60% (population) is the number that you need to create community immunity, ”Mr. Vallance explained.
Community immunity is an indirect form of protection against infectious diseases. It occurs when a large proportion of the population is immune to the virus and will become less infectious.
But this solution takes many years to achieve. “We are talking about stopping infection to some extent in the hope that only a small portion of the country at the time may have been infected to offer some level of community protection,” the spear said. Professor Neil Ferguson, from Imperial College London told the BBC .
But there is a question of whether community immunity lasts for long. Strains of the corona virus cause common cold symptoms, which lead to a very weak immune response and people can get the same illness many times in their lifetime.
While community immunity can bring terrible consequences.
Alternatives are not clear
The third option is a permanent change in our behavior, allowing the lowest rate of spread to be controlled,” said Professor Woolhouse.
This includes keeping some of the blockade measures in place, or applying more stringent measures and isolating patients to minimize spread during any outbreak.
“We detected early and traced the people who came into contact with the patient and it didn’t work properly,” Professor Woolhouse said.
Developing a drug that can treat coronavirus may also support another strategy. They can be used as soon as people have symptoms, called “transmission control” to prevent the virus from spreading to others.
Medicines to treat patients in hospitals, making them less dangerous, reducing the pressure on the intensive care unit. This will allow countries to cope with an increasing number of cases that may not need to be blocked.
Professor Chris Whitty, chief medical advisor of the British government, spoke about his escape strategy.
“In the long run, it is clear that the vaccine is the most effective way to deal with the disease, we all hope it will come as soon as possible.”
- More than 15,000 cases, New York became the new focus of the epidemic
New York City and its suburbs account for about 5% of all coronavirus infections globally. Local officials rushed to take measures to stop the epidemic.
Nearly 3 weeks after the discovery of the first patient with Covid-19, a disease caused by the new strain of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), New York on March 22 has passed a milestone that made America worried: New York City and neighborhoods account for nearly 5% of all global infections.
New York has become the new focus of the epidemic. The pressure led the local authorities to take stronger measures to curb the widespread epidemic.
Governor Andrew M. Cuomo is taking unprecedented drastic steps. He called on the federal government to nationalize the supply of medical equipment because the private sector is pushing the states into competition.
Mr. Cuomo also asked the New York City government to look for places where people gathered to disperse. He considered ways to block traffic on some routes, giving pedestrians more space to keep a safe distance from each other.
overnor Cuomo on March 22 announced many steps to prepare for the arrival of the Covid-19 patient wave in the coming days.
New York has set up a field hospital in three suburban areas of the city. The medical tent is set in the middle of the Jacob Javits Exhibition Center in western Manhattan.
Hospitals across New York State are recording a spike in the number of Covid-19 patients, while essential medical equipment such as ventilators and masks are not enough. The drastic testing policy gradually clarifies the reality of the battle with the corona virus in New York: The virus has reached community infection.
As of March 22, more than 15,000 people in the state tested positive for coronavirus, the majority living in the New York City area, accounting for nearly 50% of all cases nationwide.
The number of Covid-19 patients died was 117, accounting for nearly 25% of all US cases. 1 in 8 patients in New York are hospitalized because of serious illness. The number of deaths in New York skyrocketed in one day. Cuomo said most of the patients who died were over 70 years old, the age group most at risk from this strain.
Over the weekend, the city’s commercial and financial streets became quiet. According to the latest decree of Governor Cuomo, all non-essential businesses must suspend operations since 8pm on March 22.
Residents are asked to stay indoors, to show the street because of necessities such as buying food, medicine or exercising to improve health in a short time.
The city’s vibrant social and economic life must be “put on hold”, except for groceries, car repairs and home delivery. Many people were fired. Consumers rushed to buy staples and food stored before the deadline.
Both Governor Cuomo and Mayor Bill de Blasio repeatedly stressed that New York City would not be blocked. Public transportation systems, including subways and urban railways, continue to operate on limited schedules.
“There will be no chaos. There will be no anarchy,” Mr. Cuomo told the people of the city, but at the same time warned the restriction could last for months.
“As for the deadline, no one can tell. It depends on how we handle the situation. However, about 40-80% of the population can be infected. We are trying to reduce the rate of spread.” , but the disease will spread “.
“We always overcome challenges. This is the challenging period for this generation,” Cuomo said.
“The worst is still ahead.”
ach county in New York records hundreds of cases. Mayor De Blasio also frankly acknowledged the challenges in the next phase.
“We’re in New York, the epicenter of the US crisis. I’m not happy to announce it. You’re not happy to hear it either. The worst is still ahead. April is still worse than March. I fear that May will be even worse than April, “he warned March 22.
On the same day, New York City released new data on the disease situation. About 1,800 people were hospitalized for Covid-19, of which 450 patients needed intensive care. The city recorded 10,764 cases, with Brooklyn and Queens each recording more than 3,000 patients. In New York alone, at least 99 deaths have been confirmed positive for the virus.
Mayor De Blasio has repeatedly attacked the response of the federal government. He said he spoke with President Donald Trump and Vice President Mike Pence on the night of March 22. According to the mayor, the two leading figures gradually realized the urgency of the situation.
“I want to see help being rushed out,” Mayor De Blasio said the city’s public hospitals “are just 10 days away from basic supplies.”
In the midst of that critical situation, New York hospitals were about to face another wave of Covid-19 patients. The number of received cases is increasing significantly at New York-Presbyterian Hospital. In the morning of March 22, over 500 Covid-19 patients were hospitalized. New York-Presbyterian must take many measures to prevent the risk of the virus spreading internally, typically relatives not allowed to enter the delivery room at the hospital’s obstetrics department.
The state government is urgently changing the function of many health care facilities. The retirement home is being re-planned as a field hospital. The Jacob Javits Exhibition Center was planned to be a temporary medical center by the Federal Emergency Response Agency (FEMA) and the Army Corps of Engineers.
Nearly 2,000 beds have been moved into Jacob Javits. Part of this is assigned to federal personnel to manage. Governor Cuomo continued to call on the federal government to provide additional supplies and personnel. He emphasized that states are competing with each other to ensure the supply of essential equipment, pushing up the cost of basic equipment such as medical masks to ridiculously high.
“This state cannot control it. States across the country are out of control. I am struggling with California, Illinois and Florida. This should not have happened,” he stressed. The federal government “should nationalize the purchase of medical supplies” instead of leaving it alone.
“I believe the federal government should assume the function of ordering and purchasing all the medical equipment we need,” he said.
The head of New York state asked President Trump to take advantage of the Defense Production Act, which allows the conversion of factories across the country to meet the needs of disease control.
Not only New York, many other states in the US are tightening business activities and changing the daily lives of people in an effort to stop the spread of disease.
California and Illinois have taken similar measures. New Jersey, a neighboring state of New York, also detected nearly 2,000 cases with 20 deaths.
New York civil service forces are both dealing with the disease, caring for the people, and betting their health on the risk of infection. New York police officials said Tuesday that the force had recorded 98 cases. Many cases of prison guards and infected prisoners have been confirmed.
Too many infections, treatment priority over testing
New York authorities are considering ways to block some roads to allow more space for pedestrians to keep a safe distance from each other. He left open the possibility of closing the park, saying that places like Van Cortlandt in the Bronx district or Central Park in Manhattan were wide enough for people not to have close contact with each other.
New York City Council president, Corey Johnson, proposed to close play areas such as volleyball and basketball courts. Meanwhile, Mayor De Blasio warned that these campuses were not closed yet but were not regularly sanitized.
He said parents need to “take full responsibility” to keep their children healthy, keeping them away from other children.
Some city leaders think the epidemic is so widespread that resources should be prioritized for treating patients, rather than continuing to conduct thousands of tests to identify infected people.
“At the moment, there is only one important job: treating seriously ill patients,” said Mark Levin, City Councilman and President of the New York Health Commission, who identified the number of positive cases now. This does not mean much.
Mr. Cuomo on March 22 could not hide his annoyance at the behavior of a part of people in New York when they did not comply with the travel restriction order, leading to the risk of spreading the virus.
The governor warned these people not only to put themselves in jeopardy but also to threaten those around them.
“It’s an act of being emotionless, arrogant, self-destructive and looking down on others. This needs to stop. It has to stop immediately,” he stressed.
- How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Detailed instructions will help even those who cannot sew.
What to consider
WHO recommends wear a mask in two cases:
- If you cough or sneeze.
- If you are healthy, but have close contact with someone with these symptoms.
No mask can protect you completely. But it will reduce the risk of infection, provided that you wear it correctly, and also regularly wash your hands with soap and water or treat it with an alcohol-containing antiseptic.
The material from which you plan to make a mask should be:
- Breathable. This is necessary so that you can breathe freely, and the face under the mask does not sweat.
- Not rude. Firstly, coarse tissue will irritate the skin. And secondly, it will not be able to repeat the outlines of the face, that is, the mask will not fit snugly to the skin.
The more layers a homemade mask has and the denser it fits on the face, the better it protects. So, the first mask will simply not allow you to touch your nose and mouth with dirty hands. Everyone else can protect others from you if you become infected . Soft tissue absorbs moisture from the mouth and prevents it from reaching other people.
The third, fourth and fifth masks have openings for replaceable filters and flexible inserts that provide a snug fit to the face. For greater reliability, the outer layer can be made of water-repellent fabric so that it does not collect viruses and bacteria from the surrounding air.
Try not to touch the mask while it is on your face. If you have to do this, be sure to wash your hands before and after.
As soon as the mask becomes wet (as a rule, this happens within 2-3 hours), replace it with a new one. Ideally, you need to change the mask immediately after you sneeze or cough inside it. To do this, it is worth making several masks and carrying them in a pack with you.
Never wear the same mask for longer than a day.
Fabric masks should be washed thoroughly in hot water with detergent. It is not yet known at what temperature SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 is destroyed. His closest relative, SARS ‑ CoV, which causes SARS, died when heated to 56 ° C for 15 minutes. Therefore, the hotter the water, the better.
After washing, when the mask dries, iron it with a hot iron. A well-ironed accessory will be softer and sit on your face denser, without wrinkles.
How to make a simple medical towel paper mask
What is needed
- Thick paper towel;
- glue stick;
- felt-tip pen or pen;
- elastic tape for sewing or elastic cord;
How to make a medical mask
Cut a 20 x 16 cm rectangle from the towel. Fold it in half. Fold up and grease the lower narrow edge with glue.
Fold this edge up 1 cm and glue it.
In the same way, bend and glue the other narrow edge of the part.
On two long sides with a felt-tip pen, make marks on the bend, as well as at a distance of 1.5 cm and 5 cm above and below the bend.
Apply glue to both marks located 1.5 cm above the fold. Fold the top of the paper, gluing the sides together.
Apply glue to the upper corners of the resulting figure. Lift the front of the paper 1 cm and glue it on the sides. If you are at a loss, check out the video tutorial below.
Lubricate the following marks on both sides with glue (i.e. those that are 5 cm above the central fold). Fold the top of the paper, gluing the sides together.
Apply glue again to the upper corners of the resulting shape. Fold the lowered edge up 1 cm by sticking paper on the sides.
Glue the part in the same way on the marks on the other side.
Cut two strips 18 cm long from the tape. If you use a cord, you will need 23 cm long parts. Turn the paper accordion over to the other side and use a stapler to attach one strip to the narrow edge. Make sure it does not fall out.
In the same way, strap on the other side.
The cord also needs to be attached with a stapler, first tying knots at the ends for reliability.
Flip the mask to the back, where there are no straps. Apply glue to one narrow edge and bend it with paper.
Repeat the same on the other narrow side. The mask is ready.
How to make a simple medical mask from fabric
What is needed
- Elastic cord or 2 thin elastic bands for hair;
- a cotton scarf about 50 x 50 cm in size (you can just use a piece of fabric).
How to make a medical mask
If using a cord, cut two identical strips from it about 25 cm long. Tie the ends of each of them with a strong double knot.
Fold the scarf in half, laying the bottom on the top.
Then fold the fabric in half again.
Roll the shawl again in the same way to make a narrow strip.
Put the cord or elastic parts on the fabric on both sides.
Fold the left side of the fabric to the center of the strip, not reaching the other strap.
Lay the right side of the strip on top. Both straps should be on the folds of the fabric.
Open one side of the fabric and put the other inside.
The mask is ready. It consists of two parts of fabric. After putting it on, gently lower the back to the chin.
How to sew a medical mask with pleats, a filter hole and a flexible insert
What is needed
- Cotton fabric;
- sewing machine;
- felt-tip pen;
- elastic tape for sewing;
- non-woven material for the filter (for example, filter paper, meltblown, dried wet wipes or another option).
How to make a medical mask
Cut a 38 x 19 cm part from the fabric. Work on the narrow edges with a zigzag machine. Fold the fabric across in half with the front side inward and fasten along the stitched edges with clips.
On the seam side with a felt-tip pen, put dots at a distance of 4 cm from the edges. If necessary, move the clamps closer to the middle. Sew the fabric along the zigzag to the mark, leaving a hole in the middle. Remove the clamps.
Lay the workpiece so that the seam is on top and iron it, spreading the stitched fabric to the sides. Turn the part to the front side. Stitch the seam along one edge.
Lay the part so that the seam is centered. Make a mark on the side of it at a distance of 1.3 cm from the bottom and top from the other, unstitched edge. Holding the fabric on the dashes, lay it so that they are on the fold, and between this fold and the seam a strip has formed (1.3 cm wide, respectively). Iron the fabric.
For reliability, fix the folds on the fabric with clamps. Sew the resulting workpiece along all four edges, removing the clamps in the process.
Insert a piece of wire 16.5 cm long into the remaining hole to the bend.
Fasten with clamps and sew the seam along the side of the wire so that it does not come out.
Turn the workpiece upside down. Fold the fabric accordion, starting from the edge with the wire. Fix the folds with clamps.
Iron the part on both sides and sew along the narrow edges.
Cut two wide strips of fabric slightly longer than the width of the mask. Attach them to the narrow edges of the workpiece from the front. Above and below the fabric should go a little on the part. Secure with clips on all sides and sew only on the sides.
Bend the sewn parts, bend their narrow edges and double fold the wide edge. Secure with clamps.
Sew these parts along open wide edges. Cut two strips 25 cm long from the elastic tape. Poke a pin on one of them and thread it into the stitched parts on the sides of the mask. Tie a strong knot and hide it. Fasten the second strap in the same way.
Insert a filter to the size of the mask into the hole on the back.
How to sew a medical mask with pleats, a filter hole and a flexible insert
What is needed
- Cotton fabric;
- sewing machine;
- felt-tip pen;
- elastic tape for sewing;
- non-woven material for the filter (for example, filter paper, meltblown, dried wet wipes or another option).
How to make a medical mask
Cut a 38 x 19 cm part from the fabric. Work on the narrow edges with a zigzag machine. Fold the fabric across in half with the front side inward and fasten along the stitched edges with clips.
On the seam side with a felt-tip pen, put dots at a distance of 4 cm from the edges. If necessary, move the clamps closer to the middle. Sew the fabric along the zigzag to the mark, leaving a hole in the middle. Remove the clamps.
Lay the workpiece so that the seam is on top and iron it, spreading the stitched fabric to the sides. Turn the part to the front side. Stitch the seam along one edge.
Lay the part so that the seam is centered. Make a mark on the side of it at a distance of 1.3 cm from the bottom and top from the other, unstitched edge. Holding the fabric on the dashes, lay it so that they are on the fold, and between this fold and the seam a strip has formed (1.3 cm wide, respectively). Iron the fabric.
For reliability, fix the folds on the fabric with clamps. Sew the resulting workpiece along all four edges, removing the clamps in the process.
Insert a piece of wire 16.5 cm long into the remaining hole to the bend.
Fasten with clamps and sew the seam along the side of the wire so that it does not come out.
Turn the workpiece upside down. Fold the fabric accordion, starting from the edge with the wire. Fix the folds with clamps.
Iron the part on both sides and sew along the narrow edges.
Cut two wide strips of fabric slightly longer than the width of the mask. Attach them to the narrow edges of the workpiece from the front. Above and below the fabric should go a little on the part. Secure with clips on all sides and sew only on the sides.
Bend the sewn parts, bend their narrow edges and double fold the wide edge. Secure with clamps.
Sew these parts along open wide edges. Cut two strips 25 cm long from the elastic tape. Poke a pin on one of them and thread it into the stitched parts on the sides of the mask. Tie a strong knot and hide it. Fasten the second strap in the same way.
Insert a filter to the size of the mask into the hole on the back.
How to stitch a crease-free medical mask with a filter hole and flexible insert
What is needed
- felt-tip pen, pencil or pen;
- cotton fabric;
- crayon – optional;
- sewing machine;
- double sided tape;
- elastic cord or elastic tape for sewing;
- stops for straps – optional;
How to make a medical mask
On paper, draw a 15 x 12 cm rectangle. Divide it in half in half with a straight line. On the right side, make marks at a distance of 4.5 cm from the top corner and 3.5 cm from the bottom. On the upper and lower sides of the rectangle, put dots at a distance of 3.5 cm from the left side. Connect the marks with smooth lines, as in the photo.
Cut the resulting part. Using the template, cut out two mirror parts from the fabric, leaving them for seams 1 cm from the oblique edges and 3 cm from the straight. Follow the lines of the template with a crayon, felt-tip pen or pen.
Cut the template along the center line into two parts. Use each template to cut two mirrored parts. Leave 1 cm of fabric along the oblique edges, 3 cm along the narrow straight lines, and 4 cm along the wide ones. If you are at a loss, see the detailed video tutorial below. The lines around the pattern should be visible.
In total, you get six pieces of fabric. Fold the two largest of them together, facing inward. Sew along a long curved line. Make many vertical cuts from the edge of this side to the seam. Turn out a detail.
Sew the other two identical parts the same way. Also make incisions on them and twist.
Turn the lower edges of the last two blanks up 0.7 cm twice, ironing the fabric. Then sew the curved edges.
Glue a piece of double-sided tape on the inside to the middle of the top edge of the first workpiece and attach a wire to it.
You have three workpieces: the largest with wire (the front of the mask), the rear lower part and the rear upper. Attach the top to the front with the sides inward so that the raw edge touches the edge with the wire (it will be on the other side of this part). Secure with clamps. In the same way, attach the rear lower part to the front.
Sew the workpiece along the long edges, removing the clamps in the process. Do not forget that you need to flash on the lines outlined with the help of the template. Make many vertical cuts to the seams and turn the future mask out.
Straighten the folds, fix with clamps and sew. Take a zigzag on the sides.
Bend the narrow edges from the inside to the center by 1 cm and sew. Insert the same strips of cord or tape into the resulting holes. Wear guards if desired. Tie the straps with a strong knot and hide them inside.
Insert a filter into the hole on the inside of the mask.
How to stitch a fold-out medical mask with a filter hole and flexible insert
What is needed
- felt-tip pen, pencil or pen;
- cotton fabric;
- sewing machine;
- elastic cord or elastic tape for sewing;
How to make a medical mask
Cut a rectangle 25 x 18.5 cm from paper. Draw lines at a distance of 6 cm from the wide sides at the top and bottom. In the middle you get a horizontal strip 6.5 cm wide. In the center of the whole sheet, draw a vertical strip 12 cm wide. Divide the corner shapes diagonal lines to make an octagon. Cut the resulting pattern.
Cut a second 14 x 12 cm rectangle. Divide it in half along a straight line. Draw vertical lines on the sides at a distance of 1 cm from the edges. Draw oblique lines inside the corner stripes to make a hexagon, and cut it out.
Using these patterns, cut two identical pieces from the fabric. Place large parts on top of each other inward and sew along oblique lines. Turn the workpiece out and iron it.
Put together two small parts. On the straight sides, make marks in the center, and from them above and below, marks at a distance of 3.5 cm. Sew the fabric on the sides from the edges to these four dashes. That is, holes should remain on both sides with a width of 7 cm. Turn out the workpiece, straighten the stitched sides and iron them.
Bend the large template in horizontal lines and attach to a large fabric blank. Put one side of it on the folded part of the template and iron it. Repeat the same on the other side.
Remove the template and iron the part again on both sides. Sew it along the long edges at a distance from the folds. Then open and iron again on both sides.
On the side of the resulting strip, attach a small part to the center and sew along the edges above and below. Then turn out the future mask and iron at the seams.
Turn the workpiece over and sew two parts together on one side at once. On the other hand, insert the wire into the fold and sew the fabric in the same way. Fold the narrow edges of the workpiece twice and sew.
Cut two strips 25 cm long from the cord or tape. Insert them into the holes for the straps on the sides and tie them with strong knots. Insert a filter to fit inside the small part.
- What is important to know about Coronavirus?
What is coronavirus?
Coronavirus are a family of RNA viruses that most often cause disease in animals, and some of them in humans. In humans, the infection usually proceeds in a mild form with symptoms of acute respiratory viral infections without causing serious complications.
What is COVID-19?
COVID ‑ 19 is an infectious disease caused by a new type of coronavirus that a person is believed to have contracted from animals. The exact source of infection has not yet been established.
How does the virus spread?
- Coughing and sneezing
- With handshake
- Through items
The disease is transmitted through small drops released from the patient’s nose or mouth when coughing or sneezing. These drops fall on objects and surfaces surrounding a person. Other people may become infected by touching such objects or surfaces first and then with their eyes, nose, or mouth.
In addition, infection can occur by inhalation of the small drops that are released when a person coughs or sneezes with COVID ‑ 19. For this reason, it is important to stay away from a sick person at a distance of more than 1 meter. The risk of infection through the air is much lower.
In The List: Can I get Coronavirus if I Order Food at Home
What are the symptoms of COVID ‑ 19?
The main symptoms are:
- Increase in body temperature (in> 90% of cases)
- Cough (dry or with a small amount of sputum) in 80% of cases
- Shortness of breath (in 55% of cases)
- Chest sensation (in> 20% of cases)
Rare symptoms (at the onset of the disease can occur without fever)
- Headaches (8%)
- Hemoptysis (5%)
- Diarrhea (3%)
- Nausea, vomiting
In most people (about 80%), the disease ends in recovery, with no specific therapeutic measures required. In about one in six cases of COVID-19, severe symptoms occur with the development of respiratory failure.
In older people, as well as people with chronic diseases, such as arterial hypertension, heart disease or diabetes, the likelihood of a severe course of the disease is higher.
In the presence of elevated body temperature, coughing and shortness of breath, an ambulance should be urgently called (103 from a mobile phone).
How to protect the elderly?
The main task is to isolate them from crowded places :
- If possible, send your loved ones to the cottage before the summer (there is a likelihood that the epidemic will subside with the arrival of heat, since the virus is unstable under the influence of ultraviolet radiation).
- Stock up on medicines that your loved ones take all the time (from pressure, diabetes, and so on) to prevent them from going to the pharmacy.
- Arrange delivery of food and other necessary things home .
- If you need to visit public places – call a taxi or use your personal transport .
- In case of symptoms of malaise – be sure to call an ambulance (103 from your mobile). In the elderly, viral diseases often go away without temperature and in a more lubricated form, so even try to respond promptly to mild symptoms of SARS.
- How Long Have Coronavirus Vaccine?
Although human clinical trials will soon be conducted, the prospect of globally applying the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine still faces many challenges.
Recent times have helped the world realize that even the most aggressive preventive measures only slow the rate of spread and cannot completely eliminate the threat from COVID-19.
Since the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 to be a global pandemic, the preparation of vaccines against coronavirus has immediately become the focus of public attention.
About 35 research organizations and businesses are racing against time to produce a vaccine that is expected worldwide. Notably, Moderna Biotechnology Company ( USA ), in cooperation with the US National Institutes of Health, produced the first batch of vaccines in February and began conducting human trials with financial support fromCoalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI).
Efforts by China in January contributed significantly to this progress. Prior to that, China successfully decoded the corona virus genome and allowed research groups around the world to apply the work to disease prevention.
Besides, scientists have also prepared in advance. Specifically, after the coronavirus strain causes severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), the study of the prototype virus is focused on promoting and investing.
The Guardian quoted CEPI CEO Richard Hatchett: “The speed at which the vaccine is made quickly is due to the investment and knowledge of previous coronavirus vaccines.”
owever, dealing with a new strain of virus has never been easy. Manufacturers “struggle” to approach the problem in a “do it and try” method based on the existing knowledge combined with more advanced research.
Usually, vaccines are made based on the same pharmacokinetic principle: using antigens to stimulate the immune mechanism against pathogens. However, this method has the disadvantage that the antigens are not fully compatible with the body of all individuals. Meanwhile, instead of limiting the disease, the vaccine makes the body more susceptible to infection in more serious ways.
Therefore, a series of more modern methods are brought in instead. For example, the Novavax unit is adopting a “recombinant” vaccine strategy based on the principle of incompletely recombining linked genes to create new gametes. CureVac and Moderna, meanwhile, make vaccines from the genetic code of the viral genome.
According to CEPI, investments in vaccine manufacturing projects conducted by Novaxax and Oxford University amounted to US $ 4.4 million . The head of the organization, Mr. Hatchett, said that diversity is the key to success, especially when the vaccine production process is in an extremely difficult period – the stage of clinical trials in humans.
Fast is not necessarily good
uccessful clinical trials are essential for the vaccine to be approved and widely used. But before that, manufacturers had to overcome three milestones: Test the vaccine on dozens of healthy volunteers and track side effects; Test the efficacy of the vaccine on several hundred people in areas affected by the disease and eventually carry out a similar trial on several thousand patient samples.
“Not every horse that can leave the starting line can finish the race,” The Guardian quoted the fact of the head of the Sabin Vaccine Institute, Mr. Bruce Gellin.
This statement is not entirely a reflection of the negative because clinical trials will help eliminate unsafe and ineffective vaccines. According to Gellin, the best way to limit the risk from new vaccines is to be willing to conduct thorough clinical trials, detect weaknesses and make reasonable adjustments.
A prime example of the correctness of this thesis is the fact that the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) urgently prepared a vaccine for respiratory syncytial virus in children in 1960. At that time, As a precaution, the vaccine causes serious infections, even leading to 2 deaths.
Therefore, the process of making a vaccine successfully and fully approved can take more than 10 years. This explains President Trump’s statement on March 2 that the Covid-19 vaccine completed by the end of this year is impossible.
Annelies Wilder-Smith, a professor at London’s School of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, frankly said that the vaccine being tested would not be ready by a year and a half.
There is still a long way to go
After approval, producing a vaccine in large quantities is also a problem because manufacturers currently do not have enough resources to implement this. The vaccine development process is inherently high in financial risk, so few units produce large quantities without certainty about the effectiveness of the new preparation.
Currently CEPI and similar organizations are actively working to support vaccine preparation units in this regard. Specifically, CEPI plans to both develop the COVID-19 vaccine and boost its production capacity through a $ 2 billion donation .
However, the post-approval phase is still rife with challenges. Jonathan Quick of Duke University, North Carolina – author of “The End of a Pandemic” (2018) said: “Manufacturing a vaccine that is safe and effective is only 1/3 of the way. road of global immunization project only. The challenges of biological research and production technology are only initial difficulties. New political institutions and economic systems are bigger barriers. ”
Access to vaccines by everyone in the world is a big challenge for countries, especially when many countries are “struggling” to develop a treatment process. For example, the UK will prioritize vaccinations for health workers, social care workers and vulnerable groups in the event of an outbreak. However, if a pandemic occurs and countries compete for a scarce supply, how will you fulfill those desires?
Develop a fair distribution strategy
andemics often target vulnerable countries with weak health systems. Therefore, an imbalance between demand and purchasing power is entirely possible when the vaccine is widely produced.
WHO has called on governments, charities and vaccine manufacturers to work together to develop a fair distribution strategy. Many organizations such as GAVI and the Vaccine Alliance also offer initiatives to donate and support developing countries.
However, each pandemic is a variable and WHO cannot bind all countries committed to future unknowns.
Professor Wilder-Smith gave an optimistic view: “This pandemic may peak and decline before we produce the vaccine.” The prospect of how to resolve this public health crisis is still quite vague. Until it’s over, all we should do is take responsibility for ourselves and the community to minimize the spread of the virus.
The list for you
- Identify the immune system’s mechanism of ‘fighting back’ coronavirus
Australian scientists have identified a mechanism by which the human immune system responds and fights new strains of coronavirus.
According to the BBC , a study by scientists from the Peter Doherty Research Institute on infectious and immune diseases in Australia published in the journal Nature Medicine on 17/3 said it has determined how the human immune system. “fight back” new strain of coronavirus.
Research also shows that the human body recovers from Covid-19 in the same way that we recover from the flu.
Scientists say identifying which immune cells appear during the body’s defense against coronavirus will help with vaccine development and production.
The next step that needs to be taken now is to find out why the immune system is weaker in some cases.
“This discovery is important because this is the first time we truly understand how the immune system responds to the new strain of coronavirus. What is needed now is to understand what is different or missing in patients with death. or have serious underlying diseases, from which we can protect them, “said Professor Katherine Kedzierska, co-author of the study.
Health Minister Greg Hunt said on March 17 that the newly achieved success of the Peter Doherty Research Institute would help speed up the vaccine development process, as well as support for the treatment of patients infected with coronavirus.
The Peter Doherty Research Institute for Infectious and Immune Diseases is also the first research facility outside of China to isolate and recreate new strains of corona virus in January.
To date, more than 188,000 people have been infected with the new strain of coronavirus worldwide, of which about 88,000 are infected outside of China.
Covid-19 killed 7,511 people, including 3,226 in China. The number of recovery cases after treatment is more than 80,800 people.
- How to Survive Pandemic Coronavirus
To contain the spread of the virus, we need the help of each of us.
March 11, the World Health Organization officially named situation with the spread of the COVID ‑ 19 pandemic. This is not the first such announcement in history. For example, in 2009, swine flu, the viral strain H1N1, received the same status.
Then, over a decade ago, it ended pretty quickly and relatively well. Therefore, you should not be too nervous this time. But one must be prepared for a possible development of events.
To date, coronavirus is not officially called 2019-nCoV, but SARS-CoV-2. The disease that he causes is named COVID ‑ 2019 (Coronavirus Disease 2019).
What is a pandemic?
From ancient Greek, this word is translated simply – “all the people.” Hence the meaning: pandemic, as defined by WHO, – the rapid spread of a new dangerous infection on a global (“popular”) scale.
For centuries, a variety of pathogens have killed millions of people. For example, in the 20th century, humanity suffered three global outbreaks of influenza. The worst of them – the Spaniard – claimed the lives of 50 to 100 million people, or 3 to 5% of the total population of the planet.
But why do pandemics happen in the modern world?
Today, diseases are spreading faster than ever. This is due to the growth of cities, the popularity of long-distance travel, the lack of sanitation, and the control of carriers of disease in some countries. The most famous dangerous viruses today are the causative agents of SARS (SARS ‑ CoV virus), Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS ‑ CoV), Ebola, and Zika virus . And, of course, SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 coronavirus is a close relative of SARS.
Until recently, doctors believed that a new pandemic would cause the flu virus. It easily mutates, is transmitted by airborne droplets and is widely distributed until the first symptoms appear in patients.
But there was SARS ‑ CoV-2. And it is no less dangerous than the most deadly strains of the flu. Thus, Microsoft founder Bill Gates, whose Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has been funding many medical research and Biological engineering programs for many years, has already suggested SARS ‑ CoV-2 is the same “one-century pathogen we were afraid of.”
Why is a pandemic dangerous?
First of all, a large number of infected. As a result, the collapse of the health system.
According to current data, about 20% of those who get COVID ‑ 19 require hospitalization. And 6% of them will not survive if they do not end up in intensive care units (intensive care units) equipped with mechanical ventilation apparatus (IVL) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO).
The problem is that the health systems of most countries are not designed for such a load.
If, for example, 100 thousand people get sick at the same time, 20 thousand of them will need hospitalization. And 5 thousand – resuscitation. Meanwhile, the number of beds in hospitals is limited.
For example, China provides 4.3 hospital beds for every thousand inhabitants. In the USA – 2.8. In Italy, 3.2. In Japan, 13.1. In Russia – 8.1.
This means that the average million-plus city, for example, in the USA has only 2,800 beds in a hospital. If 100 thousand people fall ill with coronavirus in the same conditional city, there will simply not be enough places in hospitals. Even for those who need resuscitation.
Doctors will have to choose who to save and who to refuse treatment (and generally the opportunity to survive).
But problems will arise not only for those who get COVID ‑ 19. Appendicitis , heart attack, stroke, anaphylactic shock , serious injuries sustained in road accidents and not only – all patients with such deadly dangerous conditions, not to mention the easier ones, will have to “queue” for medical help. And far from the fact that they will render it. After all, there are also a limited number of doctors, and in a pandemic they will have to work literally for wear and tear.
Thus, mortality from coronavirus (and only in the US, doctors predict up to 480 thousand victims) will be supplemented by a sharp increase in mortality from other causes. Inevitable panic and chaos will only exacerbate this situation.
What am I supposed to do?
First of all, do not ignore the calls of doctors and authorities. Do not try to reassure yourself with the illusions that this is a world conspiracy and, in general, “more people die from the flu – and nothing.” Unfortunately, the current pandemic is much more serious than the flu.
A simple example: in the same Italy, from all causes, including old age, sickness, accidents, traffic accidents and so on, die up to 1 800 people in a day. 10% of them are victims of coronavirus (according to for the second week of March). No flu has ever dreamed of such numbers.
Most likely, now there are much more infected than according to official data. The fact is that COVID ‑ 19 has a long incubation period and symptoms, often similar to SARS. Therefore, people tolerate it without going to doctors and not doing tests.
The experience of previous large-scale outbreaks of various diseases has not passed for our civilization in vain: experts have drawn conclusions. And the main one sounds like this: each of us must do everything to avoid becoming infected with the virus and not spread it further.
This will not only save your health and that of your family personally. But it will also help reduce the burden on the healthcare sector. This means that doctors will have more resources left to help those who really need it.
That is why many countries take severe quarantine measures: they require citizens who return from “dangerous” countries not to leave their homes for two weeks, close schools, universities, entertainment centers, ask businesses to transfer employees to remote work , cancel mass events, restrict freedom meetings and even moving around city streets …
In China, it was such a strategy that allowed the epidemic to be stopped: only after almost two weeks of strict quarantine did the curve of new cases of COVID ‑ 19 disease and deaths decline.
Find out more
And if in my country there is no quarantine yet?
You need to understand that they can introduce it. But because now it’s worth considering the possibility of self-isolation.
COVID ‑ 19 is distributed by airborne droplets , so it is important to avoid crowded places: metro, airports, train stations, schools, supermarkets (try to switch from the habit of making small purchases every day to the habit of buying in bulk, once a week), hospitals.
Remember: the less you leave your home and meet other people during a pandemic, the more likely you are to survive.
If a visit is still necessary, choose the most deserted time and strictly follow the basic rules of hygiene:
- wash your hands more often – with soap and warm water, for at least 15–20 seconds;
- if you sneeze, do it not in a fist, but in the bend of the elbow;
- wean yourself from the habit of touching your hands with your eyes, nose, or mouth;
- temporarily abandon the tradition of greeting people by the hand – even those in whom you are sure;
- get enough sleep, drink enough fluids , eat healthy foods, try to minimize stress , be physically active. These healthy habits will support your immunity.
What to do if authorities have quarantined?
This means that the situation is becoming really serious. It should be borne in mind that quarantine quarantine is different.
As a rule, at the initial stages of power, schools, kindergartens, universities, entertainment centers are closed, and additionally more urgently than usual, they ask citizens to limit contacts. This is inconvenient, but not too critical: offices, shops, ATMs work as usual, public transport travels, utilities perform their duties.
If this is enough to stop the spread of infection, after a few weeks of minor inconvenience, quarantine will be canceled and life will return to its usual rhythm.
But already at this stage you need to understand: the situation with the virus may not improve, but worsen. And then the quarantine measures will become tougher – with the possible closure of many shops, offices, the cancellation of public transport, malfunctions in utilities and other services, as well as chaos and unrest caused by panic . Get ready for this eventual development.
Leave home less often
If your profession involves such an option, try to start working remotely. If this is not possible, try to take a vacation for at least 2-3 weeks.
Build food at home
With the expectation that you may have to live on it for some time without leaving the door. United States Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) recommendsPandemicmake stock for two weeks. These recommendations were for a flu pandemic, but CDC experts sayPandemic Preparedness Resources their relevant now.
And given that the incubation period and the course of COVID ‑ 19 is longer than that of the flu, it is better to play it safe. It is not worth raking matches — salt — buckwheat from store shelves, but buy more products than usual every time you go to the supermarket. Your task is to make stocks for a period of 4 to 6 weeks. Pay attention to the shelf life of products and do not keep anything perishable.
Take the list with you
This is especially true for people with chronic diseases. Make sure your home medicine cabinet contains:
- your permanent preparations for 1–2 months;
- painkillers – ibuprofen, paracetamol, aspirin;
- cough and cold medications;
- remedies you take for indigestion.
Also, rehydron and isotonic drinks, which are necessary for dehydration (it is likely during a high temperature), as well as vitamins (consult a physician about them – preferably by phone) will also be useful.
Get ready for the abrupt changes in your usual life.
Build up water supplies. Now this measure may seem redundant. But imagine a situation very likely during the period of strict quarantine. There is an accident on the water main, there is no one to repair it, because the services work intermittently. The company that delivered the drinking water to you temporarily does not work. In supermarkets, water is bought up. Presented?
Expect about 4 liters of water per person per day. This is the optimal amount to drink, wash and cook.
Stephen Redd (Stephen Redd ) from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also recommends preparing warm blankets and clothing for the season – in case of possible outages of heating and electricity. And also purchase a battery radio. And, of course, enough batteries and external batteries to charge mobile devices.
Another important tip is to keep cash at home: ATMs can also work intermittently. Be prepared for a possible lack of fuel for the car and stock up on gas in advance.
But if I can’t stay at home during quarantine?
A good idea is to wear a mask to protect against infection. Both medical disposable and more serious means will do. For example, respiratory protective mask No. 95 blocks over 95% of the fine particles that are present in the air. To wear a respirator, strictly follow the instructions that come with the kit. In this case, the guys will have a harder time: the mask may not fit snugly due to stubble or beard. Store your blades and shaving cream in advance.
But the suit of biological and chemical protection is too much. To use it correctly, strict adherence to the instructions is required. It is unlikely that you will have enough time and patience for this.
And if I get sick?
Most importantly, do not behave like a super-distributor (this is the name of those who infect more people than the average for the disease). During the last outbreak of Ebola, only 3% of patients caused infection 61% of all people infected.
Responsibility for the spread of the pathogen lies with a small number of people. Therefore, at the first symptoms of the disease, contact your therapist at the place of residence, that is, in the clinic. There is a nuance: if you or those with whom you spoke have returned in the last two weeks from countries where coronavirus spreads (China, Italy, Spain, France, Germany …), it is worth calling an ambulance.
Even if after the examination you did not find a coronavirus and were sent home to treat ARVI, try to avoid public places.
Better rest at home so as not to infect others. Even if it’s a common cold.
Secure the loved ones who live with you. Take a separate room for the duration of the illness, if possible, and wear a medical mask. Do not forget that the mask collects the virus, so it should be changed every 2-3 hours. The same applies to disposable respirators No. 95.
How long will it all last?
It is hard to understand how long the pandemic will last. Chinese experts suggest that if the affected countries mobilize and enforce strict quarantine, the global outbreak of COVID ‑ 19 could end by June.
But even if this optimistic scenario is realized, the disease can return with a series of relapses. At best, scientists will develop a vaccine or drug to treat the virus. But it will take months and even years.