COVID-19

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand

Detailed instructions will help even those who cannot sew.

What to consider

WHO recommends wear a mask in two cases:

  1. If you cough or sneeze.
  2. If you are healthy, but have close contact with someone with these symptoms.

No mask can protect you completely. But it will reduce the risk of infection, provided that you wear it correctly, and also regularly wash your hands with soap and water or treat it with an alcohol-containing antiseptic.

The material from which you plan to make a mask should be:

  • Breathable. This is necessary so that you can breathe freely, and the face under the mask does not sweat.
  • Not rude. Firstly, coarse tissue will irritate the skin. And secondly, it will not be able to repeat the outlines of the face, that is, the mask will not fit snugly to the skin.

The more layers a homemade mask has and the denser it fits on the face, the better it protects. So, the first mask will simply not allow you to touch your nose and mouth with dirty hands. Everyone else can protect others from you if you become infected . Soft tissue absorbs moisture from the mouth and prevents it from reaching other people.

The third, fourth and fifth masks have openings for replaceable filters and flexible inserts that provide a snug fit to the face. For greater reliability, the outer layer can be made of water-repellent fabric so that it does not collect viruses and bacteria from the surrounding air.

Try not to touch the mask while it is on your face. If you have to do this, be sure to wash your hands before and after.

As soon as the mask becomes wet (as a rule, this happens within 2-3 hours), replace it with a new one. Ideally, you need to change the mask immediately after you sneeze or cough inside it. To do this, it is worth making several masks and carrying them in a pack with you.

Never wear the same mask for longer than a day.

Fabric masks should be washed thoroughly in hot water with detergent. It is not yet known at what temperature SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 is destroyed. His closest relative, SARS ‑ CoV, which causes SARS, died when heated to 56 ° C for 15 minutes. Therefore, the hotter the water, the better.

After washing, when the mask dries, iron it with a hot iron. A well-ironed accessory will be softer and sit on your face denser, without wrinkles.

How to make a simple medical towel paper mask

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

What is needed

  • Thick paper towel;
  • scissors;
  • ruler;
  • glue stick;
  • felt-tip pen or pen;
  • elastic tape for sewing or elastic cord;
  • stapler.

How to make a medical mask

Cut a 20 x 16 cm rectangle from the towel. Fold it in half. Fold up and grease the lower narrow edge with glue.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Fold this edge up 1 cm and glue it.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

In the same way, bend and glue the other narrow edge of the part.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

On two long sides with a felt-tip pen, make marks on the bend, as well as at a distance of 1.5 cm and 5 cm above and below the bend.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Apply glue to both marks located 1.5 cm above the fold. Fold the top of the paper, gluing the sides together.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Apply glue to the upper corners of the resulting figure. Lift the front of the paper 1 cm and glue it on the sides. If you are at a loss, check out the video tutorial below.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Lubricate the following marks on both sides with glue (i.e. those that are 5 cm above the central fold). Fold the top of the paper, gluing the sides together.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Apply glue again to the upper corners of the resulting shape. Fold the lowered edge up 1 cm by sticking paper on the sides.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Glue the part in the same way on the marks on the other side.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Cut two strips 18 cm long from the tape. If you use a cord, you will need 23 cm long parts. Turn the paper accordion over to the other side and use a stapler to attach one strip to the narrow edge. Make sure it does not fall out.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

In the same way, strap on the other side.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

The cord also needs to be attached with a stapler, first tying knots at the ends for reliability.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Flip the mask to the back, where there are no straps. Apply glue to one narrow edge and bend it with paper.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Repeat the same on the other narrow side. The mask is ready.

How to make a simple medical mask from fabric

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

What is needed

  • Elastic cord or 2 thin elastic bands for hair;
  • ruler;
  • scissors;
  • a cotton scarf about 50 x 50 cm in size (you can just use a piece of fabric).

How to make a medical mask

If using a cord, cut two identical strips from it about 25 cm long. Tie the ends of each of them with a strong double knot.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Fold the scarf in half, laying the bottom on the top.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Then fold the fabric in half again.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Roll the shawl again in the same way to make a narrow strip.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Put the cord or elastic parts on the fabric on both sides.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Fold the left side of the fabric to the center of the strip, not reaching the other strap.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Lay the right side of the strip on top. Both straps should be on the folds of the fabric.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Open one side of the fabric and put the other inside.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

The mask is ready. It consists of two parts of fabric. After putting it on, gently lower the back to the chin. 

How to sew a medical mask with pleats, a filter hole and a flexible insert

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

What is needed

  • Cotton fabric;
  • ruler;
  • scissors;
  • sewing machine;
  • threads
  • clamps;
  • felt-tip pen;
  • iron;
  • wire;
  • elastic tape for sewing;
  • pin;
  • non-woven material for the filter (for example, filter paper, meltblown, dried wet wipes or another option).

How to make a medical mask

Cut a 38 x 19 cm part from the fabric. Work on the narrow edges with a zigzag machine. Fold the fabric across in half with the front side inward and fasten along the stitched edges with clips.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

On the seam side with a felt-tip pen, put dots at a distance of 4 cm from the edges. If necessary, move the clamps closer to the middle. Sew the fabric along the zigzag to the mark, leaving a hole in the middle. Remove the clamps.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Lay the workpiece so that the seam is on top and iron it, spreading the stitched fabric to the sides. Turn the part to the front side. Stitch the seam along one edge.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Lay the part so that the seam is centered. Make a mark on the side of it at a distance of 1.3 cm from the bottom and top from the other, unstitched edge. Holding the fabric on the dashes, lay it so that they are on the fold, and between this fold and the seam a strip has formed (1.3 cm wide, respectively). Iron the fabric.

For reliability, fix the folds on the fabric with clamps. Sew the resulting workpiece along all four edges, removing the clamps in the process.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Insert a piece of wire 16.5 cm long into the remaining hole to the bend.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Fasten with clamps and sew the seam along the side of the wire so that it does not come out.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Turn the workpiece upside down. Fold the fabric accordion, starting from the edge with the wire. Fix the folds with clamps.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Iron the part on both sides and sew along the narrow edges.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Cut two wide strips of fabric slightly longer than the width of the mask. Attach them to the narrow edges of the workpiece from the front. Above and below the fabric should go a little on the part. Secure with clips on all sides and sew only on the sides.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Bend the sewn parts, bend their narrow edges and double fold the wide edge. Secure with clamps.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Sew these parts along open wide edges. Cut two strips 25 cm long from the elastic tape. Poke a pin on one of them and thread it into the stitched parts on the sides of the mask. Tie a strong knot and hide it. Fasten the second strap in the same way.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Insert a filter to the size of the mask into the hole on the back.

How to sew a medical mask with pleats, a filter hole and a flexible insert

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

What is needed

  • Cotton fabric;
  • ruler;
  • scissors;
  • sewing machine;
  • threads
  • clamps;
  • felt-tip pen;
  • iron;
  • wire;
  • elastic tape for sewing;
  • pin;
  • non-woven material for the filter (for example, filter paper, meltblown, dried wet wipes or another option).

How to make a medical mask

Cut a 38 x 19 cm part from the fabric. Work on the narrow edges with a zigzag machine. Fold the fabric across in half with the front side inward and fasten along the stitched edges with clips.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

On the seam side with a felt-tip pen, put dots at a distance of 4 cm from the edges. If necessary, move the clamps closer to the middle. Sew the fabric along the zigzag to the mark, leaving a hole in the middle. Remove the clamps.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Lay the workpiece so that the seam is on top and iron it, spreading the stitched fabric to the sides. Turn the part to the front side. Stitch the seam along one edge.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Lay the part so that the seam is centered. Make a mark on the side of it at a distance of 1.3 cm from the bottom and top from the other, unstitched edge. Holding the fabric on the dashes, lay it so that they are on the fold, and between this fold and the seam a strip has formed (1.3 cm wide, respectively). Iron the fabric.

For reliability, fix the folds on the fabric with clamps. Sew the resulting workpiece along all four edges, removing the clamps in the process.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Insert a piece of wire 16.5 cm long into the remaining hole to the bend.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: insert the wire
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Fasten with clamps and sew the seam along the side of the wire so that it does not come out.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: sew a part with a wire
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Turn the workpiece upside down. Fold the fabric accordion, starting from the edge with the wire. Fix the folds with clamps.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: fold the fabric
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Iron the part on both sides and sew along the narrow edges.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: sew the edges of the part
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Cut two wide strips of fabric slightly longer than the width of the mask. Attach them to the narrow edges of the workpiece from the front. Above and below the fabric should go a little on the part. Secure with clips on all sides and sew only on the sides.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: sew strips on the sides
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Bend the sewn parts, bend their narrow edges and double fold the wide edge. Secure with clamps.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: bend the sewn parts
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Sew these parts along open wide edges. Cut two strips 25 cm long from the elastic tape. Poke a pin on one of them and thread it into the stitched parts on the sides of the mask. Tie a strong knot and hide it. Fasten the second strap in the same way.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: fasten the straps
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Insert a filter to the size of the mask into the hole on the back.

How to stitch a crease-free medical mask with a filter hole and flexible insert

How to stitch a crease-free medical mask with a filter hole and flexible insert
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

What is needed

  • Paper;
  • felt-tip pen, pencil or pen;
  • ruler;
  • scissors;
  • cotton fabric;
  • crayon – optional;
  • sewing machine;
  • threads
  • iron;
  • double sided tape;
  • wire;
  • clamps;
  • elastic cord or elastic tape for sewing;
  • stops for straps – optional;
  • non-woven material for the filter (for example, filter paper, meltblown, dried wet wipes or another option).

How to make a medical mask

On paper, draw a 15 x 12 cm rectangle. Divide it in half in half with a straight line. On the right side, make marks at a distance of 4.5 cm from the top corner and 3.5 cm from the bottom. On the upper and lower sides of the rectangle, put dots at a distance of 3.5 cm from the left side. Connect the marks with smooth lines, as in the photo.

DIY medical mask: prepare a template
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Cut the resulting part. Using the template, cut out two mirror parts from the fabric, leaving them for seams 1 cm from the oblique edges and 3 cm from the straight. Follow the lines of the template with a crayon, felt-tip pen or pen.

DIY medical mask: cut parts using a template
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Cut the template along the center line into two parts. Use each template to cut two mirrored parts. Leave 1 cm of fabric along the oblique edges, 3 cm along the narrow straight lines, and 4 cm along the wide ones. If you are at a loss, see the detailed video tutorial below. The lines around the pattern should be visible.

DIY medical mask: cut four more details
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

In total, you get six pieces of fabric. Fold the two largest of them together, facing inward. Sew along a long curved line. Make many vertical cuts from the edge of this side to the seam. Turn out a detail.

DIY medical mask: sew two large parts
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Sew the other two identical parts the same way. Also make incisions on them and twist.

DIY medical mask: sew other details together
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Turn the lower edges of the last two blanks up 0.7 cm twice, ironing the fabric. Then sew the curved edges.

Do-it-yourself medical mask: bend and stitch the edges
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Glue a piece of double-sided tape on the inside to the middle of the top edge of the first workpiece and attach a wire to it.

DIY medical mask: attach the wire
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

You have three workpieces: the largest with wire (the front of the mask), the rear lower part and the rear upper. Attach the top to the front with the sides inward so that the raw edge touches the edge with the wire (it will be on the other side of this part). Secure with clamps. In the same way, attach the rear lower part to the front.

DIY medical mask: fasten all three parts together
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Sew the workpiece along the long edges, removing the clamps in the process. Do not forget that you need to flash on the lines outlined with the help of the template. Make many vertical cuts to the seams and turn the future mask out.

Straighten the folds, fix with clamps and sew. Take a zigzag on the sides.

Do-it-yourself medical mask: sew the mask from all sides
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Bend the narrow edges from the inside to the center by 1 cm and sew. Insert the same strips of cord or tape into the resulting holes. Wear guards if desired. Tie the straps with a strong knot and hide them inside.

Insert a filter into the hole on the inside of the mask.

How to stitch a fold-out medical mask with a filter hole and flexible insert

How to stitch a fold-out medical mask with a filter hole and flexible insert
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

What is needed

  • Paper;
  • felt-tip pen, pencil or pen;
  • ruler;
  • scissors;
  • cotton fabric;
  • sewing machine;
  • threads
  • iron;
  • wire;
  • elastic cord or elastic tape for sewing;
  • non-woven material for the filter (for example, filter paper, meltblown, dried wet wipes or another option).

How to make a medical mask

Cut a rectangle 25 x 18.5 cm from paper. Draw lines at a distance of 6 cm from the wide sides at the top and bottom. In the middle you get a horizontal strip 6.5 cm wide. In the center of the whole sheet, draw a vertical strip 12 cm wide. Divide the corner shapes diagonal lines to make an octagon. Cut the resulting pattern.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: make a template
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Cut a second 14 x 12 cm rectangle. Divide it in half along a straight line. Draw vertical lines on the sides at a distance of 1 cm from the edges. Draw oblique lines inside the corner stripes to make a hexagon, and cut it out.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: make a second template
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Using these patterns, cut two identical pieces from the fabric. Place large parts on top of each other inward and sew along oblique lines. Turn the workpiece out and iron it.

How to make a medical mask yourself: sew large parts
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Put together two small parts. On the straight sides, make marks in the center, and from them above and below, marks at a distance of 3.5 cm. Sew the fabric on the sides from the edges to these four dashes. That is, holes should remain on both sides with a width of 7 cm. Turn out the workpiece, straighten the stitched sides and iron them.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: sew small details
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Bend the large template in horizontal lines and attach to a large fabric blank. Put one side of it on the folded part of the template and iron it. Repeat the same on the other side.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: iron the workpiece by bending according to the template
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Remove the template and iron the part again on both sides. Sew it along the long edges at a distance from the folds. Then open and iron again on both sides.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: sew the blank and straighten
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

On the side of the resulting strip, attach a small part to the center and sew along the edges above and below. Then turn out the future mask and iron at the seams.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: sew a small part
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Turn the workpiece over and sew two parts together on one side at once. On the other hand, insert the wire into the fold and sew the fabric in the same way. Fold the narrow edges of the workpiece twice and sew.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: sew the wire and sew the part from all sides
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Cut two strips 25 cm long from the cord or tape. Insert them into the holes for the straps on the sides and tie them with strong knots. Insert a filter to fit inside the small part.

  • Every 15 seconds, 1 person dies of Covid-19 in the world

    There are nearly 19 million Covid-19 infections worldwide and more than 700,000 deaths as of August 5. According to Reuters, one person dies every 15 seconds from the new strain of coronavirus.

    The death of coronavirus infection surpassed 700,000 on August 5, according to Reuters statistics. The United States , Brazil, India and Mexico are countries with rapidly increasing deaths.

    On average, nearly 5,900 people die every 24 hours from Covid-19, according to Reuters calculations based on data from the past two weeks.

    This equates to 247 deaths every hour, or one person every 15 seconds from the new strain of coronavirus.

    US President Donald Trump declared the Covid-19 pandemic to be controlled as far as possible in the US, where more than 155,000 people have died from the coronavirus. The response to the discrete pandemic in this country has not been able to prevent the number of infections from rising.

    Reuters

    “They are dying, it’s true,” Trump said in an interview with news site Axios . “Accept this. But that doesn’t mean we haven’t done everything we can yet. The pandemic is under control as much as possible in America. This is a terrible epidemic.”

    In Brazil, President Jair Bolsonaro ignores the severity of the pandemic and opposes restrictions to prevent virus spreading, even if he and some of his cabinet members are already virus-positive.

    The pandemic affected Latin America, where about 640 million people live, more slowly than in other parts of the world. However, officials still struggle to control the virus because of the poverty and high population density of the area.

    More than 100 million people across Latin America and the Caribbean live in slums, according to the United Nations Human Resources Program . Many worked in the informal economy, had little access to the welfare system, and had to work during the pandemic.

    Even in places where the virus seems to have been prevented, the number of new infections has increased in recent times, signaling a long-lasting war.

    Australia , Japan , Hong Kong , Bolivia, Sudan, Ethiopia, Bulgaria, Belgium, Uzbekistan and Israel all recorded a record increase in new infections over the past few days.

    Australia also reported a record new death toll on August 5, bringing the total coronavirus deaths in the country to 247.

  • The US surpass 5 million coronavirus infections

    The US has recorded more than 5 million Covid-19 cases as of August 8. The United State also has more than 161,000 people died of coronavirus.

    On 8/8, the number of coronavirus infections in the US surpassed the 5 million people, while American politicians are still debating about the pandemic bailout and schools considering whether to continue opening

    With 5 million cases of Covid-19, the United States continues to be the country with the most cases in the world. Second is Brazil with about 3 million cases. India ranked third with 2 million positive cases.

    In terms of cases per capita, the US ranks eighth in the world.

    The number of US cases is reported by the New York Times based on reports of federal, state and local officials. Public health experts have warned that the actual number of people infected with coronavirus in the US is much larger.

    Reuters

    The number of infections is on the rise in seven states, as well as in Puerto Rico, Guam and the US Virgin Islands, according to the New York Times. During the past week, Louisiana, Mississippi and Florida were the states with the most recent viral infections relative to the population.

    The United States recorded its 1 million infection on April 28, more than three months after the first case was discovered in the country. As of June 10, the US exceeded 2 million cases. The US continues to hit the 3 million infection mark on July 7 and the 4 million cases on July 23.

    The US is testing about 720,000 people a day, according to data from the Covid Tracking Project.

    The number of new infections per day in the US peaked on July 16 with 75,697 cases. This number has gradually decreased and the average over the last seven days has been about 54,000 new infections per day.

    At least 161,000 people have died since the pandemic started in the US.

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