COVID-19

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand

Detailed instructions will help even those who cannot sew.

What to consider

WHO recommends wear a mask in two cases:

  1. If you cough or sneeze.
  2. If you are healthy, but have close contact with someone with these symptoms.

No mask can protect you completely. But it will reduce the risk of infection, provided that you wear it correctly, and also regularly wash your hands with soap and water or treat it with an alcohol-containing antiseptic.

The material from which you plan to make a mask should be:

  • Breathable. This is necessary so that you can breathe freely, and the face under the mask does not sweat.
  • Not rude. Firstly, coarse tissue will irritate the skin. And secondly, it will not be able to repeat the outlines of the face, that is, the mask will not fit snugly to the skin.

The more layers a homemade mask has and the denser it fits on the face, the better it protects. So, the first mask will simply not allow you to touch your nose and mouth with dirty hands. Everyone else can protect others from you if you become infected . Soft tissue absorbs moisture from the mouth and prevents it from reaching other people.

The third, fourth and fifth masks have openings for replaceable filters and flexible inserts that provide a snug fit to the face. For greater reliability, the outer layer can be made of water-repellent fabric so that it does not collect viruses and bacteria from the surrounding air.

Try not to touch the mask while it is on your face. If you have to do this, be sure to wash your hands before and after.

As soon as the mask becomes wet (as a rule, this happens within 2-3 hours), replace it with a new one. Ideally, you need to change the mask immediately after you sneeze or cough inside it. To do this, it is worth making several masks and carrying them in a pack with you.

Never wear the same mask for longer than a day.

Fabric masks should be washed thoroughly in hot water with detergent. It is not yet known at what temperature SARS ‑ CoV ‑ 2 is destroyed. His closest relative, SARS ‑ CoV, which causes SARS, died when heated to 56 ° C for 15 minutes. Therefore, the hotter the water, the better.

After washing, when the mask dries, iron it with a hot iron. A well-ironed accessory will be softer and sit on your face denser, without wrinkles.

How to make a simple medical towel paper mask

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

What is needed

  • Thick paper towel;
  • scissors;
  • ruler;
  • glue stick;
  • felt-tip pen or pen;
  • elastic tape for sewing or elastic cord;
  • stapler.

How to make a medical mask

Cut a 20 x 16 cm rectangle from the towel. Fold it in half. Fold up and grease the lower narrow edge with glue.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Fold this edge up 1 cm and glue it.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

In the same way, bend and glue the other narrow edge of the part.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

On two long sides with a felt-tip pen, make marks on the bend, as well as at a distance of 1.5 cm and 5 cm above and below the bend.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Apply glue to both marks located 1.5 cm above the fold. Fold the top of the paper, gluing the sides together.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Apply glue to the upper corners of the resulting figure. Lift the front of the paper 1 cm and glue it on the sides. If you are at a loss, check out the video tutorial below.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Lubricate the following marks on both sides with glue (i.e. those that are 5 cm above the central fold). Fold the top of the paper, gluing the sides together.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Apply glue again to the upper corners of the resulting shape. Fold the lowered edge up 1 cm by sticking paper on the sides.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Glue the part in the same way on the marks on the other side.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Cut two strips 18 cm long from the tape. If you use a cord, you will need 23 cm long parts. Turn the paper accordion over to the other side and use a stapler to attach one strip to the narrow edge. Make sure it does not fall out.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

In the same way, strap on the other side.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

The cord also needs to be attached with a stapler, first tying knots at the ends for reliability.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Flip the mask to the back, where there are no straps. Apply glue to one narrow edge and bend it with paper.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Repeat the same on the other narrow side. The mask is ready.

How to make a simple medical mask from fabric

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

What is needed

  • Elastic cord or 2 thin elastic bands for hair;
  • ruler;
  • scissors;
  • a cotton scarf about 50 x 50 cm in size (you can just use a piece of fabric).

How to make a medical mask

If using a cord, cut two identical strips from it about 25 cm long. Tie the ends of each of them with a strong double knot.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Fold the scarf in half, laying the bottom on the top.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Then fold the fabric in half again.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Roll the shawl again in the same way to make a narrow strip.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Put the cord or elastic parts on the fabric on both sides.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Fold the left side of the fabric to the center of the strip, not reaching the other strap.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Lay the right side of the strip on top. Both straps should be on the folds of the fabric.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

Open one side of the fabric and put the other inside.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @ mizutama.soap / YouTube

The mask is ready. It consists of two parts of fabric. After putting it on, gently lower the back to the chin. 

How to sew a medical mask with pleats, a filter hole and a flexible insert

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

What is needed

  • Cotton fabric;
  • ruler;
  • scissors;
  • sewing machine;
  • threads
  • clamps;
  • felt-tip pen;
  • iron;
  • wire;
  • elastic tape for sewing;
  • pin;
  • non-woven material for the filter (for example, filter paper, meltblown, dried wet wipes or another option).

How to make a medical mask

Cut a 38 x 19 cm part from the fabric. Work on the narrow edges with a zigzag machine. Fold the fabric across in half with the front side inward and fasten along the stitched edges with clips.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

On the seam side with a felt-tip pen, put dots at a distance of 4 cm from the edges. If necessary, move the clamps closer to the middle. Sew the fabric along the zigzag to the mark, leaving a hole in the middle. Remove the clamps.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Lay the workpiece so that the seam is on top and iron it, spreading the stitched fabric to the sides. Turn the part to the front side. Stitch the seam along one edge.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Lay the part so that the seam is centered. Make a mark on the side of it at a distance of 1.3 cm from the bottom and top from the other, unstitched edge. Holding the fabric on the dashes, lay it so that they are on the fold, and between this fold and the seam a strip has formed (1.3 cm wide, respectively). Iron the fabric.

For reliability, fix the folds on the fabric with clamps. Sew the resulting workpiece along all four edges, removing the clamps in the process.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Insert a piece of wire 16.5 cm long into the remaining hole to the bend.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Fasten with clamps and sew the seam along the side of the wire so that it does not come out.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Turn the workpiece upside down. Fold the fabric accordion, starting from the edge with the wire. Fix the folds with clamps.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Iron the part on both sides and sew along the narrow edges.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Cut two wide strips of fabric slightly longer than the width of the mask. Attach them to the narrow edges of the workpiece from the front. Above and below the fabric should go a little on the part. Secure with clips on all sides and sew only on the sides.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Bend the sewn parts, bend their narrow edges and double fold the wide edge. Secure with clamps.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Sew these parts along open wide edges. Cut two strips 25 cm long from the elastic tape. Poke a pin on one of them and thread it into the stitched parts on the sides of the mask. Tie a strong knot and hide it. Fasten the second strap in the same way.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Insert a filter to the size of the mask into the hole on the back.

How to sew a medical mask with pleats, a filter hole and a flexible insert

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

What is needed

  • Cotton fabric;
  • ruler;
  • scissors;
  • sewing machine;
  • threads
  • clamps;
  • felt-tip pen;
  • iron;
  • wire;
  • elastic tape for sewing;
  • pin;
  • non-woven material for the filter (for example, filter paper, meltblown, dried wet wipes or another option).

How to make a medical mask

Cut a 38 x 19 cm part from the fabric. Work on the narrow edges with a zigzag machine. Fold the fabric across in half with the front side inward and fasten along the stitched edges with clips.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

On the seam side with a felt-tip pen, put dots at a distance of 4 cm from the edges. If necessary, move the clamps closer to the middle. Sew the fabric along the zigzag to the mark, leaving a hole in the middle. Remove the clamps.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Lay the workpiece so that the seam is on top and iron it, spreading the stitched fabric to the sides. Turn the part to the front side. Stitch the seam along one edge.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Lay the part so that the seam is centered. Make a mark on the side of it at a distance of 1.3 cm from the bottom and top from the other, unstitched edge. Holding the fabric on the dashes, lay it so that they are on the fold, and between this fold and the seam a strip has formed (1.3 cm wide, respectively). Iron the fabric.

For reliability, fix the folds on the fabric with clamps. Sew the resulting workpiece along all four edges, removing the clamps in the process.

How to Make a Medical Mask to Protect from Coronavirus by Hand
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Insert a piece of wire 16.5 cm long into the remaining hole to the bend.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: insert the wire
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Fasten with clamps and sew the seam along the side of the wire so that it does not come out.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: sew a part with a wire
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Turn the workpiece upside down. Fold the fabric accordion, starting from the edge with the wire. Fix the folds with clamps.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: fold the fabric
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Iron the part on both sides and sew along the narrow edges.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: sew the edges of the part
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Cut two wide strips of fabric slightly longer than the width of the mask. Attach them to the narrow edges of the workpiece from the front. Above and below the fabric should go a little on the part. Secure with clips on all sides and sew only on the sides.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: sew strips on the sides
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Bend the sewn parts, bend their narrow edges and double fold the wide edge. Secure with clamps.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: bend the sewn parts
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Sew these parts along open wide edges. Cut two strips 25 cm long from the elastic tape. Poke a pin on one of them and thread it into the stitched parts on the sides of the mask. Tie a strong knot and hide it. Fasten the second strap in the same way.

How to sew a medical mask with your own hands: fasten the straps
Frame: @EasyToSew / YouTube

Insert a filter to the size of the mask into the hole on the back.

How to stitch a crease-free medical mask with a filter hole and flexible insert

How to stitch a crease-free medical mask with a filter hole and flexible insert
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

What is needed

  • Paper;
  • felt-tip pen, pencil or pen;
  • ruler;
  • scissors;
  • cotton fabric;
  • crayon – optional;
  • sewing machine;
  • threads
  • iron;
  • double sided tape;
  • wire;
  • clamps;
  • elastic cord or elastic tape for sewing;
  • stops for straps – optional;
  • non-woven material for the filter (for example, filter paper, meltblown, dried wet wipes or another option).

How to make a medical mask

On paper, draw a 15 x 12 cm rectangle. Divide it in half in half with a straight line. On the right side, make marks at a distance of 4.5 cm from the top corner and 3.5 cm from the bottom. On the upper and lower sides of the rectangle, put dots at a distance of 3.5 cm from the left side. Connect the marks with smooth lines, as in the photo.

DIY medical mask: prepare a template
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Cut the resulting part. Using the template, cut out two mirror parts from the fabric, leaving them for seams 1 cm from the oblique edges and 3 cm from the straight. Follow the lines of the template with a crayon, felt-tip pen or pen.

DIY medical mask: cut parts using a template
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Cut the template along the center line into two parts. Use each template to cut two mirrored parts. Leave 1 cm of fabric along the oblique edges, 3 cm along the narrow straight lines, and 4 cm along the wide ones. If you are at a loss, see the detailed video tutorial below. The lines around the pattern should be visible.

DIY medical mask: cut four more details
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

In total, you get six pieces of fabric. Fold the two largest of them together, facing inward. Sew along a long curved line. Make many vertical cuts from the edge of this side to the seam. Turn out a detail.

DIY medical mask: sew two large parts
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Sew the other two identical parts the same way. Also make incisions on them and twist.

DIY medical mask: sew other details together
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Turn the lower edges of the last two blanks up 0.7 cm twice, ironing the fabric. Then sew the curved edges.

Do-it-yourself medical mask: bend and stitch the edges
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Glue a piece of double-sided tape on the inside to the middle of the top edge of the first workpiece and attach a wire to it.

DIY medical mask: attach the wire
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

You have three workpieces: the largest with wire (the front of the mask), the rear lower part and the rear upper. Attach the top to the front with the sides inward so that the raw edge touches the edge with the wire (it will be on the other side of this part). Secure with clamps. In the same way, attach the rear lower part to the front.

DIY medical mask: fasten all three parts together
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Sew the workpiece along the long edges, removing the clamps in the process. Do not forget that you need to flash on the lines outlined with the help of the template. Make many vertical cuts to the seams and turn the future mask out.

Straighten the folds, fix with clamps and sew. Take a zigzag on the sides.

Do-it-yourself medical mask: sew the mask from all sides
Frame: @JSdaily / YouTube

Bend the narrow edges from the inside to the center by 1 cm and sew. Insert the same strips of cord or tape into the resulting holes. Wear guards if desired. Tie the straps with a strong knot and hide them inside.

Insert a filter into the hole on the inside of the mask.

How to stitch a fold-out medical mask with a filter hole and flexible insert

How to stitch a fold-out medical mask with a filter hole and flexible insert
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

What is needed

  • Paper;
  • felt-tip pen, pencil or pen;
  • ruler;
  • scissors;
  • cotton fabric;
  • sewing machine;
  • threads
  • iron;
  • wire;
  • elastic cord or elastic tape for sewing;
  • non-woven material for the filter (for example, filter paper, meltblown, dried wet wipes or another option).

How to make a medical mask

Cut a rectangle 25 x 18.5 cm from paper. Draw lines at a distance of 6 cm from the wide sides at the top and bottom. In the middle you get a horizontal strip 6.5 cm wide. In the center of the whole sheet, draw a vertical strip 12 cm wide. Divide the corner shapes diagonal lines to make an octagon. Cut the resulting pattern.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: make a template
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Cut a second 14 x 12 cm rectangle. Divide it in half along a straight line. Draw vertical lines on the sides at a distance of 1 cm from the edges. Draw oblique lines inside the corner stripes to make a hexagon, and cut it out.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: make a second template
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Using these patterns, cut two identical pieces from the fabric. Place large parts on top of each other inward and sew along oblique lines. Turn the workpiece out and iron it.

How to make a medical mask yourself: sew large parts
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Put together two small parts. On the straight sides, make marks in the center, and from them above and below, marks at a distance of 3.5 cm. Sew the fabric on the sides from the edges to these four dashes. That is, holes should remain on both sides with a width of 7 cm. Turn out the workpiece, straighten the stitched sides and iron them.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: sew small details
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Bend the large template in horizontal lines and attach to a large fabric blank. Put one side of it on the folded part of the template and iron it. Repeat the same on the other side.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: iron the workpiece by bending according to the template
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Remove the template and iron the part again on both sides. Sew it along the long edges at a distance from the folds. Then open and iron again on both sides.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: sew the blank and straighten
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

On the side of the resulting strip, attach a small part to the center and sew along the edges above and below. Then turn out the future mask and iron at the seams.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: sew a small part
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Turn the workpiece over and sew two parts together on one side at once. On the other hand, insert the wire into the fold and sew the fabric in the same way. Fold the narrow edges of the workpiece twice and sew.

How to make a medical mask with your own hands: sew the wire and sew the part from all sides
Frame: @Gentleman Doll / YouTube

Cut two strips 25 cm long from the cord or tape. Insert them into the holes for the straps on the sides and tie them with strong knots. Insert a filter to fit inside the small part.

  • WHO updates mask recommendations

    Now they are advised to wear not only sick.

    WHO Director-General Tedros Hebreyusus, at a new briefing on COVID-19, announced new recommendations for the prevention of coronavirus. Here are the main points:

    • Doctors and other medical staff should always wear masks, regardless of whether they work with infected coronavirus infections or not.
    • People over 60 years of age, as well as those who have chronic diseases, are advised to wear masks wherever it is impossible to maintain physical distance.
    • The governments of the countries should encourage the wearing of masks in any places where it is impossible to maintain physical distance, especially for public transport and shops.
    • Those with symptoms similar to coronavirus infection should stay at home. All who contacted him should be quarantined.
    • If a sick person or someone who has contacted him needs to leave the house, he must wear a mask.
    • WHO considers masks to be of high quality, which consist of three layers of different materials or more.

    Previously, the WHO spoke only about the need to wear masks for patients who were ill, because there was insufficient data (apart from clinical studies, which many experts consider to be of little relevance to real life).

  • WHO recorded 106,000 new infections globally in 24 hours

    The WHO recorded 106,000 infections in 24 hours, a record day since the outbreak, with two-thirds of these cases recorded in only 4 countries.

    Tedros Adhanom-Ghebreyesus, Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO), said on May 20 that the number of coronavirus infections reported to the agency in the past 24 hours has been higher than at any time since outbreaks, according to CNN.

    “We still have a long way to go in this pandemic,” Tedros said at a news conference in Geneva, Switzerland. “In the past 24 hours, 106,000 cases have been reported to WHO – the highest daily level since the outbreak.”

    “About two-thirds of these cases have been reported in only four countries,” he added.

    WHO records 106,000 new cases on a global basis in 24 hours 1 image tedr.JPG
    Reuters.

    According to WHO epidemiologist Maria Van Kerkhove, confirming with CNN via email, these four countries are the US , Russia, Brazil and India.

    It should be noted that there may be a delay in reporting the number of cases at various points in the process, so the above date record does not mean that these 106,000 people were infected, tested or statistically counted in the last 24 hours.

    According to the constantly updated data of John Hopkins University, the world has recorded nearly 5 million cases of coronavirus, of which more than 326,000 people have died. The United States remains the leading country in both cases – more than 1.5 million, and deaths – more than 93,000.

    Notably, Russia has recently become the second country in the number of cases – more than 308,000, although only a few weeks earlier did not even make the top 20 of the list. Brazil also climbed rapidly in the ranking, ranking third in the number of cases – more than 271,000.

    Russia is ranked second in terms of deaths – more than 35,000, followed by Italy – more than 32,000, France – more than 28,000, Spain – more than 27,000.

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