Each parent wants to better understand their child, although the children are changing so quickly that it seems it’s more mysterious not to find creatures. Our “little people” every day bring surprises and make their parents become more and more perfect.
We are interested in facts related to the physiology and psychology of the child, which may help to understand your baby and help him grow into a smart and happy adult.
1. In the first weeks, the child cannot cry, because he does not know how
Babies will cry a lot in the early weeks, but you might notice that no matter how red their little face gets, no actual tears reach their cheeks. The reason is that, while newborns are born with tear ducts, there is only enough water produced to protect the eye so there is no excess left to roll down the cheeks. As the tear glands develop, tears will be produced – usually around the one to three month mark, which can be a heartbreaking first for mum, but a perfectly healthy sign.
2. Children have more taste buds than adults
Most children have about 10,000 taste buds but as they grow, some taste buds stop being replaced. Adults often have about 5,000 working taste buds. This explains why some foods taste much more intense to children, and the decline in number of taste buds makes more foods palatable to adults as some food’s intensity isn’t tastes as strongly. In a study published in the February 2005 issue of Pediatrics, researches at Monell Chemical Senses state that most children do not like bitter tastes, which can interfere with the consumption of vegetables, while adults do not mind these flavors.
3. Up to 5 months, the baby cannot recognize the taste of salt, because the receptors are not fully formed
It is believed that the first tastes that the child distinguishes – it is sweet and bitter. And only by 5 months completely formed receptors, which are responsible for recognition and reaction to salty. The child shows a neutral reaction to salty taste up to a certain age, and scientists say that children either do not feel it, or simply do not consider it significant until 5-6 months.
4. Baby does not see blue color
It is believed that the first in his life a child begins to distinguish red then yellow. The ability to distinguish shades of blue and green is formed, according to studies, from 4 months and later. Therefore, “early development” in the key to teaching flowers is a rather meaningless activity in infancy. In the first months of life, ophthalmologists recommend surrounding the child with toys of red and yellow, so that the stages of visual development proceed correctly.
5. The first sounds of the baby are very important
Baby babble seems to be a meaningless collection of sounds that break out from the lips of children. But he tells parents that the child’s brain is ready for learning. When parents hear such “prompts”, they should be very careful.
According to neuroscientists, a conversation between parents and babies makes the latter more savvy. Therefore, the dialogue between an adult and a child plays a very important role.
6. Eyes practically do not change their size when growing up
The fact that children seem to us more “big-eyed” than adults has a simple explanation . The eyes look large relative to the face. The main eye growth occurs up to 3 years, after which the eyes do not grow or grow very slowly. For comparison: the eye of 3 year old child has a size of approximately 23 mm, and by the age of 20 its size will increase by 1 mm.
7. If the child laughs, he improves his immunity
Laughter and smile – this is at first the only way baby communicates with loved ones. The baby smiles about 200 times a day, and with the help of laughter he expresses joy, learns sounds, shows that everything is in order. Laughing for growing children helps relieve stress.
According to scientists, laughter is the best medicine and the main defense of children’s immunity. Therefore, you should not scold children for excessive ridicule, because for health they are recommended to laugh at least 300 times a day, and this is approximately every 3 minutes. The main thing is that the adults withstand it.
8. “If I do not see, then no one sees.” Such a belief is considered the norm for a baby 3 years old
You may encounter such a strange situation : the child covers his eyes with his hand and enters the room to steal sweets. You are in the room. The child thinks that you do not see him because he does not see you. It seems ridiculous to adults, but the child really thinks so. This means that abstract logical thinking is not yet developed and everything is perceived too literally . You can try to speed up the abstract development of the baby, but up to 3-4 years of age, this “straightforwardness” is considered the norm.
9. Teens are more vulnerable than babies
For proper development, adolescents need more sleep than adults and young children – 9-10 hours a day. Studies show that rising and falling levels of melatonin in the blood of adolescents occur during the night and morning later than in adults and younger children. This may be an explanation of the fact that adolescents do not go to bed for a long time, and then can not wake up early in the morning. But since you need to get up to go to school, every day they lose the necessary minutes of sleep.
10. Hugs very important for children
Hugging a child means very quickly showing its importance and significance. Children who have not received enough tenderness and affection, grow up insecure, they are not capable of empathy and mutual feelings. But besides the psychological aspect, hugs are good for physical health. With them , the amount of endorphin and oxytocin increases, the level of hemoglobin rises, and immunity strengthens.
Did you know these facts about how children develop? Maybe you have interesting stories of observing your kids?
Photo by Depositphotos
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