The disease caused by coronavirus is English called NCP (Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia). However, this is a temporary name. The official name has not been disclosed.
The New York Times reported at the end of February 8 (China time), China has announced the temporary name of the disease caused by corona virus. They expect the local government and the media to use this new name.
Coronary pneumonia caused by the English name is NCP (Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia), China National Health Commission said. Its official name is still awaiting a final decision by the International Commission on Virus Classification. The organization sent the name of coronary pneumonia to a scientific journal, hoping it would be revealed in the next few days, the BBC said.
Currently, Chinese media have started calling corona pneumonia due to NCP such as Xinhua, Global Times, China Daily …
Previously, the disease was commonly referred to as 2019-nCoV or “Wuhan coronavirus” or even just “Chinese Virus”. “Coronavirus” is also a temporary term. , because this is a broad term that includes many different viruses.
“Corona” is a group name for crown-shaped viruses. MERS, SARS are also in this group.
The naming of viral illnesses is not a simple matter, because it involves both science and the place of origin. Past names such as the Spanish flu, Rift Valley fever are considered to contribute to the stigma of the countries or regions where the disease outbreaks occurred.
In 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a new guideline for naming viruses after being criticized for calling MERS a Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome. As well as avoiding place names, the WHO guideline recommends that people should not be used for disease (e.g. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Chagas disease), animal names (swine flu, encephalitis), names means only a culture or profession (Legionnaires’ disease) or words that cause undue fear (death, disease …).
Before the Chinese government proposed a new name, WHO proposed using the provisional name of the new pneumonia as acute respiratory disease 2019-nCoV or 2019-nCoV. But this name is quite difficult to pronounce and less common than corona virus.
“We think it is important to give a temporary name so that there is no specific country associated with that name,” said Maria Maria van Kerkhove, WHO epidemiologist. /2.