Health

The WHO director announced that he would independently evaluate Covid-19

Dr. Tedros Adhanom, WHO Director, said that he would make an independent assessment to see if the organization was doing well in dealing with the Covid-19 pandemic problem.

According to Reuters , Mr. Tedros said the independent assessment would take place “at the earliest appropriate time” and the WHO committed to transparency and a sense of responsibility in this regard.

“We all have lessons learned from the pandemic. Every country and organization needs to review the responses and learn from our experience. WHO is committed to transparency, accountability and improved interpersonal relations. “, said Tedros during the annual ministerial meeting.

“I will begin an independent assessment at the earliest appropriate time to review the experience gained and lessons learned, and make recommendations to improve global preparation and respond to. pandemic, “added Tedros.

The WHO director announced that he would independently evaluate Covid-19
World Health Organization director Tedros Adhanom said it would open an independent review of the WHO response to the corona virus.

The head of the World Health Organization also thanked some leaders for “strong support for WHO at this critical time” and added that all reviews and assessments should consider the responsibilities of All parts.

“The risk is still high and we have a long way to go,” Tedros said. Serological tests show that some of the most affected countries have 20% of the population affected, while the prevalence in most places is below 10%.

According to Tedros, this means that most of the world’s population is still at risk of being infected with the virus. He called on nations “to do everything possible to ensure the 2020 coronavirus pandemic never repeats”.

“The world does not need another plan, another system, another mechanism, a committee or another organization. The world needs to strengthen, implement and fund the systems and organizations that it are there – including WHO, “added Tedros.7

“The world does not lack the tools, science or resources to make it safer before a pandemic. What the world lacks is an ongoing commitment to using tools, science and resources. it has to change, and it has to change today, “the WHO head said.

WHO is suffering a lot of criticism from the Trump administration. Mr. Trump decided to cut funding for the organization but said it was considering resuming funding at a lower level, equal to China .

  • Why women less likely to die from Coronavirus than men

    Biological features and differences in behavior play a role.

    The death toll from a new type of coronavirus is growing, and there is growing evidence that in men the disease often proceeds severely and more often ends in death. It was noticeable from the first days of the outbreak of the virus in China and is repeated in other countries, such as ItalyUSASpain. Researchers are not yet sure of the reasons, but there are interesting preliminary findings.

    Why women less likely to die from Coronavirus than men
    Why women less likely to die from Coronavirus than men

    What can affect mortality?

    1. Biological differences

    Male and female organisms fight infections differently. Women usually have a stronger immune response. Scientists believe that this is partially due to the presence of two X ‑ chromosomes. It is in this chromosome that contains most of the genes responsible for the immune system . However, this hyperactivity of the immune system seems to cause a higher risk of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease.

    Hormones can also play an important role. Some immune cells have estrogen receptors (female sex hormone), and, as experiments have shown in mice, estrogen supplements enhance the overall immune response.

    In 2017, researchers analyzed the difference in susceptibility to the first SARS coronavirus (from which it died during an outbreak in 2003 more men than women). They found that male mice are more susceptible to the virus. But when scientists blocked the normal functioning of estrogen in females, they also began to get sick more often.

    The female body as a whole responds faster to infections. Therefore, later he does not have to use the full power of immunity to fight the virus and inflammation is reduced. However, such differences are not characteristic of all infections. Data on other viruses, including the causative agent of influenza, show the opposite tendency: More women die than men.

    In general, scientists do not yet fully understand how biological differences in sexes affect the course of COVID ‑ 19, but they can clearly be important.

    2. Behavioral factors

    One of them may be smoking. An analysis of existing studies of March 17 concluded that “smoking is a major cause of COVID ‑ 19.” As notes WHO, there are several reasons for this. Firstly, smokers are more likely to have lung diseases, and this is proven risk factor for severe infection. Secondly, while smoking, people are more likely to touch their faces, increasing their chances of getting infected.

    And as you know, smoking is more common among men. According to research In 2017, 54% of Chinese adults and only 2.6% of Chinese women are addicted to tobacco. In Spain and the United States observed a similar trend, although the gap is far from so wide.

    Other differences in the behavior of people of different sexes can aggravate the situation. So, in the US, men wash hands are less likely than women and are less likely to turn for medical help at the beginning of the disease . A survey conducted by Reuters in late March also revealed that fewer men take the threat of coronavirus seriously and change their behavior.

    Why is it so important to understand these differences?

    This will help to find the most effective treatment options for each patient, as well as create vaccine. It is known that such drugs act on people of different sexes in different ways. Women are usually better protected from infection after vaccination. Therefore, it is extremely important to take into account gender when creating and testing tools.

    Although men seem to die from coronavirus more often, do not forget that absolutely everyone is at risk. And due to some factors, women are at greater risk. For example, in the USA they make up 76% of medical personnel, which means they are more likely to contact the infected.

    The risk increases with age. According to the statement of the Italian government, in the group of patients over 90 years old, mortality is higher in women. The same is true in the group with some diseases: heart failure, hypertension, dementia . There, the death toll of women exceeds the death toll of men with the same diseases, although the overall numbers are small.

    We still have a lot to learn about why some people end up in intensive care and die, while others do not. And we must continue to try to reduce our own chances of getting sick or infecting others.

    Published by @jennifer

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  • Why does coronavirus need to be named Covid-19?

    According to WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the word “Co” stands for “corona”, “vi” for “virus” and “d” for “disease”.

    On 11/2, WHO announced the new name of the coronavirus strain causing pneumonia is Covid-19. Prior to this official name, the coronavirus was once called many different names.

    Coronavirus – 2019-nCoV is not a thorough call

    Coronavirus is a term used by many international media or Chinese media in the period without an official name. The origin of this name is the structure similar to the new virus strain with previous diseases such as SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) or MERS (respiratory syndrome of the Middle East). Based on the same protein structure as SARS to 85%, the scientists used it as a basis for research into vaccines and new treatments for viral strains.

    Why does coronavirus need to be named Covid-19?
    Extract 3D images of Covid-19.

    Coronavirus is really just a temporary name, covering many different strains of virus. They are referred to as crown-like viruses (such as SARS and MERS). Therefore, the invocation of corona virus (or coronavirus) does not reflect its properties and biological characteristics.

    According to CDC statistics, there are four groups of coronaviruses called: alpha, beta, gamma and delta. Human coronaviruses were first found in the 1960s. Research shows that there are seven types of coronaviruses that can infect humans, namely:

    • Common corona virus strain: 229E (alpha coronavirus); NL63 (alpha coronavirus); OC43 (beta coronavirus); HKU1 (beta coronavirus).
    • Special corona virus strain: MERS-CoV (beta coronavirus causing Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS); SARS-CoV (beta coronavirus causing severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS); 2019-nCoV (causes acute pneumonia).
    Why does coronavirus need to be named Covid-19?
    Covid-19 spread China and globally, causing more than 1,000 deaths

    Before the Chinese government proposed a new name, WHO proposed using the provisional name of the new pneumonia as acute respiratory disease 2019-nCoV . According to Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General, the symbol of 2019 implies the same meaning as naming a child born in 2019, CBC News quoted. However, this name is quite difficult to pronounce. Many people are still used to using the corona virus to indicate a new outbreak of pneumonia.

    On February 8, China announced the provisional name of the disease during the period when WHO did not have an official name. Accordingly, the new name is abbreviated by the English name of coronary disease caused by corona virus: Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia (NCP) , New York Times said.

    After being issued, many Chinese media have used the term NCP to replace corona virus in order to have the most accurate view of the new disease outbreak.

    It is necessary to name the new strain of coronavirus

    When there was no official name, many places still called the new pneumonia with some names such as Wuhan pneumonia (Wuhan virus), Chinese pneumonia. This is like many other epidemics named after the geographic area where the virus was discovered in the 20th century. For example, the Spanish flu; Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever; Lyme for a town in Connecticut; Ebola for a river nearby.

    Why does coronavirus need to be named Covid-19?
    Covid-19 was named after WHO guidelines.

    But regional naming has sparked major ethnic conflicts and inequalities in the community. The name of the disease is tied to countries and localities, although in many cases it is not really the origin of the disease.

    The BBC reported on 11/2, the WHO announced to the world the official name of coronary pneumonia caused by Covid-19 . It is essential to distinguish this disease and to avoid confusion with other corona strains that have been detected or not yet detected in the future.

    According to WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the word “Co” stands for “corona”, “vi” for “virus” and “d” for “disease”.

    This name guarantees the criteria that WHO issued a new guideline for virus naming in 2015. Previously, this organization has been criticized for calling MERS as the Middle East respiratory syndrome. Or in the past names like Spanish flu, Rift Valley fever are considered to contribute to the stigma of countries or regions where the disease is occurring.

    The WHO guidelines recommend that people should not be used to name diseases (e.g. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Chagas disease), animal names (swine flu, encephalitis), names that mean a culture or career (Legionnaires’ disease) or words that cause unnecessary fear (death …). These are to avoid global panic as well as to create an underground wave of racial discrimination.

    Related Post: 5 Common Mistakes in Coronavirus Prevention

    Preview Photo by Alisa

  • Why Do You Gain Weight? – 5 Ways to Lose Weight

    How these compounds work

    Why do you gain weight? - Health and Happy

    It may sound unbelievable, but according to a study, 19 days is enough to breathe in airborne pollutants to start gaining weight. This is because these compounds cause metabolic disturbances which lead to obesity.

    Why do you gain weight? - Health and Happy

    Our body evolves and changes based on the signals of certain hormones. Normally, hormones control how many calories we store as energy and how much we burn immediately.

    Why do you gain weight? - Health and Happy

    Many of the industrial pollutants released into the environment have been shown to resemble hormones. They trigger the same reaction in our body as natural hormones, that is, they work in almost the same way.

    Chemicals can cause the body to store more fat than it really needs. They also interfere with the production of fat cells.

    What can we do to minimize the risk?

    Why do you gain weight? - Health and Happy

    First of all, the most important thing is not to live near factories. Many are forced into big cities, but this in itself is harmful to health. The best way to reduce this risk is to move out of the big cities.

    Try to consume organic foods and use natural cosmetics. You can also inhale particles of poor quality powder that cause fat deposits or allergies.

    Why do you gain weight? - Health and Happy

    There are devices that purify the air and these are worth using.

    With some devices, you can measure the amount of harmful substances in the air. If we know where pollution is greatest, we can avoid specific areas.

    Read also

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