According to the World Health Organization, about 39% of the world’s adult population are overweight, while 13% of people on Earth are obese. Unfortunately, these statistics are not improving – on the contrary: the WHO says that over the period from 1975 to 2016 the number of overweight people in the world tripled. And the cause of this problem, scientists consider not only diseases of the body, such as disruption of the endocrine system, but also psychological problems.
Happy Worthy Life decided to figure out why it’s hard for people to lose weight and why it’s so hard to keep the result.
Most of those who embark on the path of getting rid of extra pounds, hope that with them all the negativity will leave their lives, and they themselves will become much happier. In fact, expectations are unfounded: the results of studies suggest that losing weight positively affects physical health, but the level of happiness does not get higher.
However, the data obtained as a result of a program aimed at weight loss in patients with type 2 diabetes (which, as you know, often develops in obese people), gives hope. It turns out that in patients who lost weight under the supervision of doctors, the state of mind after weight loss changes for the better.
Often a person who has brought his body, if not in perfect, then at least in a form close to the standard, does not see in the mirror what others see, but continue to “see” the old fat man. This leads to the fact that a person who limits himself in eating his favorite “comfortable” foods, loses the meaning of such “bullying” over himself and returns to the old diet. That is why working with a psychologist for losing weight is as important as interacting with a nutritionist.
Fear seems attractive
Mental trauma experienced in childhood or adolescence is often the cause of weight gain. The situation is aggravated if a person does not receive psychological help on time: stress from childhood is transferred to adulthood, provoking the same emotional overeating.
Studies say that women whose body mass index exceeded 30, i.e., are obese, often stated that they experienced violence in childhood , not only physical, but also moral, as well as fear of a particular impact. At the same time, those who were exposed to different types of pressure in the aggregate are most at risk. In addition, according to the study , the more traumatic events occurred and the greater their severity, the higher the likelihood of obesity.
In addition to psychogenic overeating, scientists indicate another important reason for the critical increase in body volume in victims of abusers. They believe that so our body subconsciously seeks to make the appearance less attractive to a potential aggressor, since the standards of the modern world are such that a person with a figure who is far from a model, as is commonly believed, does not cause interest from the opposite sex.
In addition, our body (again at a subconscious level), is trying to increase in size to look more intimidating and have a better chance of resisting the attacker.
Stress leading to emotional (psychogenic) overeating is one of the main factors in gaining excess weight. Scientists say that in the short term, he is able to temporarily reduce appetite due to the well-known “hit or run” reaction , which, in turn, “turns off” unnecessary body functions – including hunger.
However, if we are talking about prolonged stress, then everything is just the opposite. Over an extended period of nervous tension, the adrenal glands secrete cortisol , which, among other things, causes hunger. And if you do not get rid of it, then the level of cortisol can also remain elevated. It is interesting that this concerns women in the first place: it is they who prefer to seize up a poor state of mind, while men relieve stress by alcohol and tobacco .
Moreover, according to studies , in a situation of stress, people prefer to cope with a negative state with the help of products that contribute to weight gain: namely, foods containing large amounts of sugar and fat.
Depression is often the cause of weight gain: a study in the United States found that approximately 43% of people with this condition are obese. At the same time, another meta-analysis showed that there is an inverse relationship: the probability of developing a mental disorder in people with a lot of extra pounds is 55%.
In addition, obesity itself provokes many diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, diseases of the joints and the cardiovascular system, which, of course, cannot but affect the emotional background. In other words, a person is in a vicious circle: depression “stimulates” an uncontrolled increase in body volume, and obesity, in turn, entails a mental illness.
However, doctors reasonably believe that breaking out of this circle helps physical activity, which kills two birds with one stone: it helps to reduce weight and reduce symptoms of depression. Of course, people in a similar mood find it difficult to find motivation for classes, so experts advise starting with small ones , for example, with a 10-minute workout per day.
Low self-esteem and lack of support
In the UK, a study was conducted over 20 years with the participation of 6.5 thousand people. Observations of them began when they were 10 years old: their height and weight were measured, and an assessment of their mental state was carried out. After 20 years, the measurements were taken from the same subjects, and it turned out that adults who had low self-esteem in childhood were more likely to gain extra pounds by the age of 30.
Low self-esteem leads to self-doubt and self-confidence. An obese person who wants to lose weight puts barriers on his own by saying phrases like “I don’t want to start because I won’t succeed anyway”, condemning myself to failure in advance. Moreover, often the relatives and friends of such people also contribute to their self-doubt: the data of scientists indicate that obese people rarely find support in the person of those who, it would seem, should provide it.
At the same time, doctors are sure that the help of relatives for losing weight is very important and those patients who receive it lose weight faster and retain the result longer.
As it turned out, the reasons for gaining kilograms can be completely unobvious, even for the person who is overweight. Sometimes it’s not enough just to “stop eating everything in a row”, but you need to see doctors who will help not only normalize your nutrition, but also find some underlying causes of overeating and get rid of them.
- 6 Foods You Should Eat During Your Menses And 4 You’d Better Avoid
The nutritional needs of women change throughout the menstrual cycle, and hormonal fluctuations are not the only reason for this. We also lose essential minerals and vitamins because of bleeding. In order to compensate for these imbalances, specialists recommend a balanced diet in accordance with this period of the cycle. Some products can help you maintain a healthy level of nutrients and combat symptoms such as cramps, swelling, headaches, nausea and fatigue.
At Happy Worthy Life, we decided to focus on the foods you should eat or, on the contrary, avoid during your periods to stay in top form.
Foods to eat during the menses –
Iron is the mineral that you lose the most during the menses. Broccoli will help you make up for the deficit. In addition to iron, this vegetable is rich in fiber, magnesium and potassium, which will help reduce bloating, regulate digestion and relax muscles if you suffer from cramps.
Bananas could be a good choice for a snack during your period. These fruits are full of potassium, magnesium and fiber. They will help you manage irregular stools, diarrhea and uncontrollable cravings for snacking.
3. Dark chocolate
If you need an excuse to eat more chocolate, here is a good one. Dark chocolate contains many healthy minerals such as iron, magnesium, antioxidants and flavanols. These can promote circulation and relax the blood vessels. Not to mention the magic of chocolate to cheer up!
Salmon should be part of any diet that is considered healthy because it contains healthy omega-3 fatty acids and is an excellent source of protein. Eat salmon during your periods to reduce inflammation, relieve cramps and regulate the menstrual cycle.
Ginger is a great ally to control inflammation, but it will also help you reduce the pain of the period. Add fresh ginger to your tea if you suffer from abdominal discomfort.
6. Oranges and lemons
Eat more fruits to increase your vitamin intake and reduce your cravings for sugar during the menstrual period. Citrus fruits are particularly interesting. In addition to vitamins, they contain a lot of fiber and water, which keeps your body hydrated and your digestion on the right path. In addition, these fruits are effective in relieving nausea and other discomforts related to menstruation. They can also reduce your menstrual flow if it tends to be plentiful.
Foods to avoid during menstruation
You should avoid dairy products if you often feel cramps and abdominal pain. Milk contains lactose, a special type of sugar that some people have trouble digesting. In addition, lactose can cause bloating, stomach pain and nausea, symptoms that you may already have because of your periods.
Your favorite snacks can cheer you up, but they also contribute to bloating, feeling gas, and inflammation due to the amount of refined sugar they contain. Your body already has enough trouble managing the loss of blood and essential minerals. So if you want to nibble, avoid artificial sugar and opt for the natural sugar found in fruits.
Studies show that caffeine consumption during menstruation can actually prolong its duration and even, in some cases, cause amenorrhea, ie the absence of menstruation. In addition, caffeine aggravates premenstrual syndrome. If you tend to suffer, avoid drinking coffee before and after your period.
4. Spicy foods
Eating spicy foods can put extra stress on your stomach. However, if you make the right choices, some spices could be useful for your body during this complicated time. For example, fresh pepper is known for its anti-inflammatory effects and saffron heals a weakened digestive system.