Personalized medicine, next-generation high-speed Internet and other developments that will affect our lives.
The fifth generation of mobile communications provides higher bandwidth than 4G. Thanks to this, we can download and download files faster, and the connection will become more stable. In the future, 5G will also allow automated systems, robots and autonomous vehicles to collect and transmit more data. This will help the development of the Internet of things.
Testing of the standard has been going on since the mid-2010s, but it is still far from full coverage with 5G ‑ networks. Futurist writer and strategic business and technology consultant Bernard Marr suggests that in 2020 5G will really begin to “fly”, and mobile operators will offer affordable tariff plans that support the new standard.
2. Unmanned vehicles
In 2020, we will not be able to fully trust the autonomous control, but the sphere of unmanned driving will be actively developing.
The head of Tesla, Elon Musk, said that in 2020, the company will create the first “finished” unmanned vehicle, and systems like automatic braking and changing lanes will become more common. Also, we will increasingly hear about an unmanned taxi, which proves its applicability in developed cities. For example, Google Waymo in 2019 for the month transported in autonomous cars, 6,200 passengers as part of the experiment.
Along with news of success, we will hear about new laws governing unmanned driving. There will also be many debates that go beyond the field of technology and are related, for example, to the future employment of taxi drivers.
3. Artificial intelligence (AI) as a service
Bernard Marr in his book Artificial Intelligence in Practice said companies are already exploring how to use AI to improve service and streamline business processes. This trend will continue next year.
AI systems are not universal and are not always suitable for specific tasks of different companies. In 2020, we will see new artificial intelligence service providers who are likely to make more specialized business offers.
4. Personalized medicine
More and more people are using wearable devices that collect data on heart rate, sleep quality and even do ECGs. Using this information, according to Bernard Marr, will have an impact on the healthcare sector: we will be able to predict, diagnose and treat diseases even before serious symptoms appear.
The author also relies on an individual approach to patients. People tolerate illnesses and respond to medications differently, so effective treatment should be personalized in the first place.
This is not a new idea: it is already being used to create a cancer vaccine . BioNTech startup scientists develop an individual medicine for each patient, based on data on the mutation of cancer cells. It can be an alternative to chemotherapy.
5. Computer identification
Actively developing systems that can recognize objects, places or people from images obtained from cameras or sensors. Similar algorithms are used in smartphones with identification by face or in Google picture search.
In 2020, computer vision technologies will be applied more and more often. So, for example, Yandex.Taxi is already testing a camera that checks the condition of the driver, and at the airport of Dubai use face recognition sensor for faster check of passengers. Identification using sensors will be introduced into unmanned vehicles to identify hazards, on production lines it will help to track defective products, and in the city – to monitor incidents.
Along with the advent of such systems in our lives, the number of disputes about this technology will increase, in particular about the confidentiality and security of observable data.
6. Augmented Reality
Augmented reality (XR) is understood as virtual, augmented and mixed reality. Virtual provides the full immersion effect when we get into the artificially created world with the help of special headsets. Augmented reality adds virtual objects to space when we look through the screen of a smartphone. In the mixed, we can not only see, but also interact with virtual objects, for example, with a holographic piano.
Today, these technologies are mainly used in the entertainment sector: we already heard about the Oculus Rift and Vive headsets, saw virtual objects in Snapchat filters and Pokemon Go gameplay. In 2020, everything can change: companies begin to understand what opportunities are provided by augmented reality technologies when interacting with customers, and modeling of the virtual world is becoming more accessible.
Apple can make a big contribution to the development of augmented reality. Bloomberg reports that in 2020 the company will introduce augmented reality glasses.
Blockchain technologies have been prophesying a great future for several years, but there are a couple of reasons to say that they will enter our daily lives in 2020. This year it is planned to launch two projects at once, designed to change the approach to payment and money transfer. This is Libra from Mark Zuckerberg and Gram from Pavel Durov. With their help, financial transactions can be made directly through the messenger.